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UNGA Disarmament Index 2014: H–R

This is an index of all references made to issues of disarmament, peace, and security, made in the 69th General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly from 24–30 September 2014. Included in this index are all references made to arms control, disarmament, nuclear and conventional weapons, nuclear energy, the arms trade, and militarism.

A-G | H-R | S-Z

Haiti | Holy See | Honduras | Hungary
Iceland | India | Indonesia | Iran | Iraq | Ireland | Israel | Italy
Jamaica | Japan | Jordan
Kazakhstan | Kenya | Kiribati | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR | Latvia | Lebanon | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Liechtenstein | Lithuania | Luxembourg
Macedonia | Madagascar | Malawi | Malaysia | Maldives | Mali | Malta | Marshall Islands | Mauritania | Mauritius | Mexico | Micronesia | Moldova | Monaco | Mongolia | Montenegro | Morocco | Mozambique | Myanmar
Namibia | Nauru | Nepal | Netherlands | New Zealand | Nicaragua | Niger  | Nigeria | Norway
Oman
Pakistan | Palau | Palestine | Panama | Papua New Guinea | Paraguay | Peru | Philippines | Poland | Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea | Romania | Russian Federation | Rwanda

Haiti
H.E. Mr. Michel Joseph Martelly, President
26 September 2014

No relevant references.

Holy See
Eminence Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Secretary of State
29 September 2014

Militarism: “I offer to each of you my best wishes for your work, while trusting that this Session will spare no effort to put to an end the glamour of weapons that marks existing conflicts and that it will continue to foster the development of the entire human race, and in particular, the poorest among us.”

Honduras
H.E. Mr. Juan Orlando Hernández Alvarado, President
24 September 2014

No relevant references.

Hungary
H.E. Mr. János Áder, President
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Iceland
H.E. Mr. Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “I condemn the indiscriminate rocket attacks from Hamas and other militant organizations in Gaza against civilian targets in Israel.  I also condemn the disproportionate use of force by the Israel Defense Force which resulted in more than 2000 deaths in Gaza”.

Chemical weapons, militarism: “The [Security] Council is also undermined when it proves incapable of defending civilians that are subject to foreign occupation or is unable to prevent the use of chemical weapons. The United Nations were founded to ensure that never again should the fate of nations be decided at the barrel of a gun.”

India
H.E. Mr. Narendra Modi, Prime Minister
27 September 2014

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “Let us continue to redouble our efforts to pursue universal global disarmament and non-proliferation.”

Indonesia
His Excellency Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President
24 September 2014

No relevant references.

Iran
H.E Dr. Hassan Rouhani, President
25 September 2014

Nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “We are of the view that the nuclear issue could only be resolved through negotiation, and those who may think of any other solution are committing a grave mistake. Any delay in arriving at a final agreement only raises the costs; not only at our expense but also at the expense of the economy and trade of the other parties as well as the development and security prospects of our region. No one should doubt that compromise and agreement on this issue is in the best interest of everyone especially that of the nations of the region.”

“The nuclear negotiations between Iran and the 5+1 have continued during the past year with seriousness and optimism on both sides.”

“We are committed to continue our peaceful nuclear program, including enrichment, and to enjoy our full nuclear rights on Iranian soil within the framework of international law.”

“A final accord regarding Iran's peaceful nuclear program can serve as the beginning of multilateral collaboration aimed at promoting security, peace and development in our region and beyond.”

“As you know, during the ongoing nuclear negotiations in this year, the Iranian government took some initiatives that created new favorable conditions, which resulted, at that phase, in the Geneva Joint Plan of Action. We are determined to continue our confidence building approach and our transparency in this process.”

“Arriving at a final comprehensive nuclear agreement with Iran will be a historic opportunity for the West to show that it does not oppose the advancement and development of others and does not discriminate when it comes to adhering to international rules and regulations.”

Iraq
H.E. Mr. Mohammed Fuad Masum, President
26 September 2014

Disarmament, WMD, chemical weapons: “Ladies and gentlemen, fourteen years ago heads of states and governments committed to the realization of Development Goals by 2015 focusing on issues that remained to that moment vital. Foremost among which are social and economic development, the protection of international peace and security, the end of the arms race, the disarmament, the elimination of weapons of mass destruction whose very name incites fear among everyone, fighting terrorism and organized crime, guaranteeing human rights, and the effective coordination of humanitarian assistance efforts and the promotion of justice and international law. In this context we would like to remind you of our very bitter memory and experience as victims of WMD in Halabja, the peaceful Kurdish city attacked by chemical weapons in 1988 at the hands of the dictatorial regime.”

Ireland
H.E. Mr. Charles Flanagan, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “There must be assurance for all Israelis and Palestinians that they will not be subject to indiscriminate violence – whether that violence comes in the form of rocket attacks targeting Israel or retaliatory strikes with devastating consequences for Gaza”.

Israel
H.E. Mr. Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister
29 September 2014

Nuclear weapons: “So don’t be fooled by Iran’s manipulative charm offensive. It’s designed for one purpose, and for one purpose only: To lift the sanctions and remove the obstacles to Iran's path to the bomb. The Islamic Republic is now trying to bamboozle its way to an agreement that will remove the sanctions it still faces, and leave it with the capacity of thousands of centrifuges to enrich uranium. This would effectively cement Iran's place as a threshold military nuclear power. In the future, at a time of its choosing, Iran, the world’s most dangerous state in the world's most dangerous region, would obtain the world’s most dangerous weapons. Allowing that to happen would pose the gravest threat to us all. It’s one thing to confront militant Islamists on pick-up trucks, armed with Kalashnikov rifles. It’s another thing to confront militant Islamists armed with weapons of mass destruction.”

Chemical weapons, nuclear weapons: “I remember that last year, everyone here was rightly concerned about the chemical weapons in Syria, including the possibility that they would fall into the hands of terrorists. That didn't happen. And President Obama deserves great credit for leading the diplomatic effort to dismantle virtually all of Syria's chemical weapons capability. Imagine how much more dangerous the Islamic State, ISIS, would be if it possessed chemical weapons. Now imagine how much more dangerous the Islamic state of Iran would be if it possessed nuclear weapons.

“Ladies and Gentlemen, Would you let ISIS enrich uranium? Would you let ISIS build a heavy water reactor? Would you let ISIS develop intercontinental ballistic missiles? Of course you wouldn’t. Then you mustn't let the Islamic State of Iran do those things either. Because here’s what will happen: Once Iran produces atomic bombs, all the charm and all the smiles will suddenly disappear. They’ll just vanish. It's then that the ayatollahs will show their true face and unleash their aggressive fanaticism on the entire world. There is only one responsible course of action to address this threat: Iran's nuclear  military capabilities must be fully dismantled. Make no mistake – ISIS must be defeated. But to defeat ISIS and leave Iran as a threshold nuclear power is to win the battle and lose the war.”

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “For 50 days this past summer, Hamas fired thousands of rockets at Israel, many of them supplied by Iran. I want you to think about what your countries would do if thousands of rockets were fired at your cities. Imagine millions of your citizens having seconds at most to scramble to bomb shelters, day after day…. in an attempt to win the world’s sympathy, Hamas cynically used Palestinian civilians as human shields. It used schools, not just schools - UN schools, private homes, mosques, even hospitals to store and fire rockets at Israel. As Israel surgically struck at the rocket launchers and at the tunnels, Palestinian civilians were tragically but unintentionally killed. There are heartrending images that resulted, and these fueled libelous charges that Israel was deliberately targeting civilians. We were not.”

Italy
H.E. Mr. Matteo Renzi, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Jamaica
H.E. Mr. Arnold Nicholson, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade
27 September 2014

Arms trade: “Jamaica is concerned that the conflicts in Syria, the Gaza Strip, Iraq, Ukraine, South Sudan and Mall pose serious threats to regional and international security. These conflicts are neither limited in scope nor confined to national borders. The instability in Libya, Yemen and the Central African Republic is equally troubling. Of even greater concern are the resulting humanitarian crises and widespread violations of human rights. It is undeniable that these crises are fuelled by the growing propensity to funnel and transfer conventional arms to non-state actors, including rebel groups and separatist militias. The militarization of such groups often serves to further these conflicts rather than hasten their end.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control, small arms and light weapons, arms trade: “We reiterate our commitment to disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control. In the Caribbean, we are acutely aware of the pernicious impact of the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, fuelled by the dangerous nexus with the drug trade. This engenders the single greatest cause for fear and insecurity amongst our citizens. For the past two decades we have remained resolute in our call for a global partnership to fight this scourge. We are pleased that with the 50th ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty earlier this week, this historic treaty will enter into force on 25th December.

“All states, whether small or large, have a role to play in the maintenance of international peace and security. Jamaica is therefore honoured to assume the Chairmanship of the First Committee of this 69th session, which reflects our commitment to advancing the objectives of disarmament, non- proliferation and arms control.”

Japan
H.E. Mr. Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

Nuclear weapons: “As the only country to have ever suffered the devastation of atomic bombings during wartime, Japan is prepared to lead discussions at the Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to be convened next year, the 7oth anniversary of the atomic bombings. With regard to North Korea, Japan will work in coordination with relevant countries towards the comprehensive resolution of outstanding issues, including abduction, nuclear, and missile issues.”

Jordan
His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al Hussein, King
24 September 2014

No relevant references.

Kazakhstan
H.E. Mr. Erlan A. Idrissov, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2014

Militarism: “Rivalry between the major powers over perceived spheres of influence, markets and control over the production and transit of energy resources has increased. Tensions are on the rise, and the dangerous - and unacceptable - belief in the ‘right of power’ in world politics has strengthened. As a result, we are witnessing a renewed arms race and the use of military force to impose and extend one's influence.”

Nuclear weapons: “Kazakhstan is determined to play its full part in contributing to global peace and security. Two weeks ago, the UN General Assembly  held an informal meeting to mark the International Day Against Nuclear Tests. We are pleased that all those present expressed their determination to bring about a world without nuclear weapons testing and, ultimately, nuclear weapons.

“This is an issue close to the hearts of the people of Kazakhstan who have witnessed and continue to live with the terrible legacy of nuclear testing. This is why we proposed the 29th of August as the day to raise awareness of this important issue, an initiative unanimously adopted by the GA in 2009. And this is why President Nazarbayev has launched The ATOM (Abolish Testing, Our Mission) Project, a global education campaign on the perils of nuclear testing. Already 100,000 people from more than 100 countries have signed The ATOM Project’s online petition calling for global decision makers to show leadership and work towards the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).

“The closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and the renunciation of the world’s fourth largest nuclear arsenal -- both inherited from the Soviet Union upon our independence -- were defining moments for our nation and the starting point for the peaceful foreign policy we pursue today. We worked closely with the United States of America and the Russian Federation to ensure the nuclear facilities were made safe. This cooperation in the aftermath of the Cold War was, and still is, a model for partnership based on mutual trust.

“Strengthening the global non-proliferation regime has remained one of the most important priorities of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy. The signing in May this year of the Protocol to the Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia (CANWFZ) or Semipalatinsk Treaty by the P5 marked a major moment for nuclear security in our region. Kazakhstan has been a key driver in pushing through the Treaty and the Protocol. Together with our partners in Central Asia, we have worked hard to secure negative security assurances from the nuclear powers. We now urge the “nuclear five” countries to ratify the Protocol as soon as possible.

“The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons has been and remains the cornerstone of the non-proliferation regime. We strongly encourage all stakeholders to uphold the provisions of NPT and work towards the entry into force of CTBT.

“Sharing the objectives of the proposed Convention on General and Complete Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, we again call on all Member States to adopt the Universal Declaration on the Achievement of a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World. This would serve as the first step towards the Convention.”

Nuclear energy: “Reaffirming our commitment to the principle of equal rights of all countries to access nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, Kazakhstan stands ready to host the International Bank of Low-Enriched Uranium under the auspices of the IAEA.

Nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “We also support the early political and diplomatic resolution of the situation around Iran’s nuclear program on the basis of strict compliance with the provisions of the NPT and IAEA regulations. Kazakhstan has helped break the deadlock in negotiations by hosting the first two rounds of resumed talks in Almaty last year. We welcome the latest P5+1 talks and strongly hope an agreement can be reached in November this year.”

Kenya
H.E. Mr. Uhuru Kenyatta, President
24 September 2014

No relevant references.

Kuwait
H.E. Mr. Sheikh Jaber Al-mubarak Al-hamad Al Sabah, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

Nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “On the same regional level, concerning Iran's nuclear program, the State of Kuwait supports the ongoing efforts to resolve this issue by peaceful means, that will guarantee the Islamic Republic of Iran, and all the countries in the region, the right to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, under the supervision and monitoring of the International Atomic Energy Agency. We also emphasize the importance of reaching international agreement on Iran's nuclear program, according to a full Iranian commitment to cooperate with the I.A.E.A., implementing all relevant Security Council resolutions and committing to enforce the highest standards of safety and security for its nuclear facilities.”

Kyrgyzstan
H.E. Mr. Erlan Abdyldayev, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

Uranium waste: “The restoration and security of uranium tailings located in Kyrgyzstan remains a serious transboundary problem in Central Asia. Most of tailings are concentrated in the densely populated areas of the country, and after the closure of industrial enterprises and production facilities, their condition has deteriorated in the last decade. Moreover, many of the tailings are exposed to the threat of landslides and floods, as they are located in seismically active regions near the coast of the major transboundary rivers in Central Asia.

“Despite the efforts made by the Kyrgyzstan government on the national level and the support from international programs and projects, serious social, economic, and environmental problems remain. Regarding these issues, I would like to urge the international community to provide assistance to Kyrgyzstan in solving the problem of radioactive and toxic waste for the full rehabilitation of the contaminated territories. This is within the framework of the UN General Assembly resolution, adopted during the 68th session, on "The Role of the International Community in Prevention the Radiation Threat in Central Asia.”

Lao People’s Democratic Republic (The)
H.E. Mr. Thongloun Sisoulith, Deputy Prime Minister
29 September 2014

Explosive remnants of war, cluster munitions: “[A]s a landlocked and least developed country, the Lao PDR remains vulnerable and still faces numerous challenges, especially in achieving some MDG targets, including . . . minimizing the impacts of Unexploded Ordnances dropped during the war. Taking into account the importance of addressing UXO impact, the Lao PDR has adopted a localized MDG on addressing impact of UXO as its national MDG goal (MDG9). Reducing the impact caused by UXO remains a huge task and burden for the country as it hampers the national development and poverty eradication. In this light, the Lao PDR is one of the countries that initiated the process of formulating the Oslo Convention on Cluster Munitions. Therefore, full and effective implementation of the Oslo Convention is of great importance, which will lead to a total prohibition of all use, production and transfer of cluster munitions. In this connection, taking this opportunity we would like to convey our congratulations to Saint Kitts and Navis, Belize and the Republic of Congo on their ratification of the Oslo Convention, which has increased the total number of signatory states to 86. We hope that other countries will also consider becoming parties to this Convention.”

Latvia
H.E. Mr. Andris Bērziņš, President
25 September 2014

Chemical weapons: “We welcome the elimination of Syrian chemical weapons and related materials.”

Nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “Latvia welcomes the ongoing dialogue between the E3+3 countries and Iran which aims to negotiate a comprehensive agreement on Iran’s nuclear program. The involved parties, first of all Iran, must make every effort to use the extended time frame to find a solution.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation,  nuclear weapons: “We must work towards revitalizing the global disarmament and nonproliferation agenda. Success of the 2015 Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference next year depends on re-establishing trust and common purpose among states parties.”

Arms trade: “Latvia was one of the first states to sign and ratify the Arms Trade Treaty. We urge all UN members to do so.”

Lebanon
H.E. Mr. Tammam Salam, President of the Council of Ministers
26 September 2014

No relevant references.

Lesotho
H.E. Mr. Mohlabi Kenneth Tsekoa, Minister of Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

WMD, nuclear weapons, disarmament: “The world has long come to terms with the dangers to humanity which is posed by the possession of weapons of mass destruction. That is why Lesotho continues to advocate for total abolition and destruction of all nuclear weapons. These weapons have no place in modern day civilized society, hence the call for a convention to ban all nuclear weapons. While working towards that goal, we must emphasize that full compliance with the provisions of the Treaty on Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is critical. By the same token, we call for the  establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons in accordance with the 2010 NPT Review Conference.”

Liberia
H.E. Mr. Augustine Kpehe Ngafuan, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

No relevant references.

Libya
H.E. Mr. Agila Saleh Essa Gwaider, President of the House of Representatives
27 September 2014

Disarmament: “There is no doubt that those who witnessed the revolution of the Libyan people against dictatorship in 2011 were impressed by the courage, unity, awareness and the creative capabilities of the Libyan people . . . . But . . . [m]ost of the activists [have] left the political arena . . . because of intimidation, arrests and assassinations perpetrated by various armed groups against those who oppose their opinion or call for their disarmament and demobilization.”

Explosive weapons in populated areas, disarmament: “The indiscriminate shelling with heavy weaponry caused the exodus of most of its population which led the House of Representatives to declare the area a disaster area. This could not have happened if the international community took the situation in Libya seriously, assisted the government to establish a strong army, and added pressure for the disarmament of armed groups, and supported arming the police.”

Liechtenstein
H.E. Ms. Aurelia Frick, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

No relevant references.

Lithuania
H.E. Ms. Dalia Grybauskaitė, President
26 September 2014

No relevant references.

Luxembourg
H.E. Mr. Xavier Bettel, Prime Minister
26 September 2014

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “We must put an end to indiscriminate attacks against civilian populations, schools and hospitals, to the bombardment with barrel bombs, to the denial of humanitarian assistance, to the use of famine as a weapon of war.”

Weapons of mass destruction, nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction constitutes another clear threat. The joint plan of action agreed in Geneva on 24 November 2013 was an important milestone towards solving the Iranian nuclear issue. Here I would like to reiterate Luxembourg's full support to the efforts of the E3+3 group to arrive at a comprehensive settlement that restores trust in the exclusively peaceful purpose of the Iranian nuclear programme. I urge Iran to engage fully and in good faith, in order to allow these discussions to lead to the expected result as soon as possible.”

Small arms, arms trade: “In Africa as well as in Latin America, small arms are the real weapons of mass destruction. The devastating consequences of the unregulated arms trade are well documented. I am therefore particularly pleased that the Arms Trade Treaty, which has been approved last year with a very broad majority by this Assembly, will enter into force this year, on 25 December 2014. Luxembourg was honoured to be among the first States to sign and ratify it. It is our strong hope that we will be able to achieve our shared objective and make it a universal Treaty.”

Macedonia (the Former Yugoslav Republic of)
H.E. Mr. Gjorge Ivanov, President
26 September 2014

No relevant references.

Madagascar
H.E. Mr. Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoarimanana, President
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Malawi
H.E. Mr. Arthur Peter Mutharika, President
25 September 2014

Disarmament, WMD, nuclear weapons: “In terms of international peace and security, I would like to share with this august gathering that Malawi has always rendered political support for the disarmament of all weapons of Mass Destruction. Towards this end, we have supported the resolution aimed at nuclear disarmament in the General Assembly. Over and above this, a couple of months ago, my country held an in-country workshop to come up with implementation mechanisms of resolution 1540 at national level to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and their means of delivery.”

Malaysia
H.E. Mr. Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Prime Minister
26 September 2014

Militarism: “The question is: how should we respond? In the past, when the world has mobilized to fight extremists, we have launched wars without planning for peace. We have attacked one evil only to see a greater evil emerge.”

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “Malaysia, like so many countries around the world, was appalled by the brutalviolence against Palestinian civilians in Gaza. We strongly condemn Israel's disproportionate and indiscriminate attacks on Gaza, and its continuing violations of international and human rights laws. The use of heavy weapons in civilian areas - the obliteration of houses, mosques and schools - was an affront to common decency.”

Maldives
H.E. Mr. Mohamed Waheed, Former President and Special Envoy of the President
30 September 2014

No relevant references.

Mali
H.E. Mr. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, President
27 September 2014

Small arms and light weapons: “Mali remains resolutely committed to the fight against the proliferation of small arms and the elimination of illegal trade in these weapons. To be effective, such measures must be carried out in synergy, as part of the consultation and cooperation at regional and international levels offers this opportunity.”

Disarmament, arms trade: “Similarly, the Government of Mali deplores the erosion of multilateralism in the field of disarmament, in particular, the prolonged paralysis afflicting Disarmament Commission. However, the adoption by the General Assembly on April 2, 2013 of the Treaty on Arms Trade Treaty should be welcomed because it

represents a real advance.” [Unofficial translation]

Malta
H.E. Mr. Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister
26 September 2014

Disarmament: “Indeed, disarmament and national reconciliation are the prerequisites for Libya to move forward.”

Marshall Islands
H.E. Mr. Christopher J. Loeak, President
26 September 2014

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “As a former UN Trust Territory, the Republic of the Marshall Islands has a unique legacy shared by only a very few in this hall- it was the UN which helped set us on a path to independence - but it was also the UN which explicitly authorized the 67 nuclear tests conducted in our nation between 1946 and 1958. Our own history bears the burden- and contemporary impacts- of these tests. Our suffering could have been prevented by the United Nations - if only you had listened. Like many other nations, the Republic of the Marshall Islands believes that the awareness of the catastrophic consequences of nuclear weapons must underpin all approaches and efforts towards nuclear disarmament. These facts speak for themselves, and were recognized two years ago by the UN Special Rapporteur. We look forward to addressing these issues further during our participation in the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review next year. It is essential for the survival of humanity that nuclear weapons are never used again, under any circumstances. The universal way to accomplish this is through the total elimination of such weapons. It should be our collective goal as the United Nations to not only stop the spread of nuclear weapons, but also to pursue the peace and security of a world without them.”

Mauritania
H.E. Mr. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, President
24 September 2014

No relevant references.

Mexico
H.E. Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto, President
24 September 2014

Arms trade: “Regarding international peace and security, the United Nations must prevent arms trafficking, as well as the serious damages this phenomenon inflicts on our societies. The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) provides the necessary tools to tackle this growing challenge. However, it is vital that all nations sign the Treaty, but more importantly, that they all ratify it. The First Conference of the State Parties of the ATT [Arms Trade Treaty] will be held in Mexico, next year. It will be a great opportunity for all nations to work together to avoid arms from hurting children or vulnerable populations around the world.”

Nuclear weapons: “Additionally, we need the UN to overhaul its efforts in favor of nuclear disarmament. We must prevent that more countries or non-state actors have greater destruction capacity, and we must also demand that those already possessing nuclear weapons, reduce and eliminate them. If we want a safer world, we should guarantee that no one uses, or threats to use, nuclear power since it will effectively jeopardize the survival of humankind itself [sic].”

Micronesia (Federated States of)
H.E. Mr. Emanuel Mori, President
26 September 2014

No relevant references.

Moldova
H.E. Ms. Natalia Gherman, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Monaco
H.E. Mr. José Badia, Minister for External Relations

29 September 2014

No relevant references.

Mongolia
H.E. Mr. Elbegdorj Tsakhia, President
24 September 2014

Nuclear weapons: “As a country with a declared nuclear-weapon-free status Mongolia firmly believes that the Korean Peninsula must be nuclear-weapons-free.”

Montenegro
H.E. Mr. Filip Vujanović, President
24 September 2014

Disarmament and non-proliferation: “Montenegro strongly supports global efforts towards disarmament and non- proliferation.”

Arms trade: “This year, we ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), becoming the 44th country to do so. Our ratification represents our contribution towards the entry into force of this historic Treaty as well as illustration of our firm commitment to the responsible global arms trade.”

Morocco
H.E. Mr. Abdelilah Benkirane, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Mozambique
H.E. Mr. Oldemiro Marques Balói, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
27 September 2014

Landmines: “As part of our commitment to peace and stability, in June, Mozambique hosted the Third Review Conference of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, also known as Ottawa Convention. I would like to seize this opportunity to thank all participants, as well as all partners that made this event a successful one. We are engaged to continue our efforts to declare the country free of land-mines, and thus contributing to fulfil one of the most important steps of our obligations under the Convention.”

Myanmar
H.E. Mr. Wunna Maung Lwin, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

WMD, nuclear weapons, disarmament: “Myanmar, as a peace-loving nation, abhors weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) and is fully cognizant of the danger of nuclear weapons. Towards this end, Myanmar, since 1995, has annually tabled a draft resolution on Nuclear Disamament. We will be repeating this exercise at the current session of the General Assembly. We encourage all Member States to positively support our draft resolution. If we follow the roadmap in the resolution with a strong political will, a world free of nuclear weapons will be within ourgrasp sooner.”

Disarmament, biological weapons: “I would like to apprise this Assembly that Myanmar is making domestic preparations with a view to ratifying major international disarmament instruments. Considerable achievement have been made in this process. I am pleased to announce that the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has just approved the Myanmar’s accession to the Bioloigcal Weapons Conventions-BWC today.”

Namibia
H.E. Mr. Hifikepunye Pohamba, President
26 September 2014

No relevant references.

Nauru
H.E. Mr. Baron Divavesi Waqa, President
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Nepal
H.E. Mr. Sushil Koirala, Prime Minister
26 September 2014

Disarmament, WMD, nuclear weapons: “Nepal stands for a general and complete disarmament of all weapons of mass destruction. International peace and security cannot be achieved amidst continues race for armaments. We are concerned by the lack of progress in major multilateral negotiations on disarmament, particularly on nuclear disarmament.”

Small arms and light weapons: “We are also concerned for the lack of progress in controlling illicit transfer of small arms and light weapons.”

Military spending, disarmament: “We call upon the member states, especially the nuclear weapon states, to halt the militarization in all spheres, and step up measures for disarmament so as to release much-needed dividends for development.”

Disarmament: “We emphasize the promotion of peace and disarmament through dialogues, education and awareness creation, and wish to see an enlarged role of the UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament based in Kathmandu.”

Netherlands (the Kingdom of)
H.E. Mr. Mark Rutte, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

Nuclear security: “The Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands contains a unique article that says: The Government shall promote the development of the international legal order. This self-imposed responsibility comes from a long tradition of freedom, respect for the rule of law and our country's international orientation. In March 2014 we put this principle into practice once again when we hosted the Nuclear Security Summit, a conference on an important topic that must remain high on the international agenda.”

New Zealand
H.E. Mr. Murray McCully, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

No relevant references.

Nicaragua
H.E. Mr. Samuel Santos López, Minister for Foreign Affairs
30 September 2014

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “Our urgency is to have a world free of nuclear weapons, a total and complete disarmament. Let us welcome September 26th as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, an initiative of the Non-Aligned Movement, as Cuba’s proposal.”

Niger
H.E. Mr. Mahamadou Issoufou, President
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Nigeria
H.E. Mr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, President
24 September 2014

No relevant references.

Norway
H.E. Ms. Erna Solberg, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Oman
H.E. Mr. Yousef Bin Al-Alawi Bin Abdulla, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
30 September 2014

Nuclear weapons: “Regarding regional peace and security, my country supports the call for an international conference to free the Middle East region of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, in line with the resolution adopted by the NPT Review Conference held in 1995 of the last century. My country calls upon NPT member states, especially the depository states, to take the necessary measures to achieve this goal in order to spare the region the dangers of tension and avoid confrontation.”

Pakistan
HE Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister
26 September 2014

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “As a responsible nuclear weapon state, we will continue to support the objectives of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation; and pursue a policy of nuclear restraint and credible minimum deterrence. Pakistan is not participating in any arms race in the region. Yet we cannot be oblivious to the emerging security scenarios and buildup of armaments. We too, have the obligation to maintain a robust and reliable deterrence. I would reiterate the need for an inter-linked mechanism for pursuing nuclear restraint, conventional equilibrium and conflict resolution. To promote stability, we are prepared to explore new Confidence Building Measures.”

Nuclear safety and security: “Pakistan has maintained the highest standards of nuclear safety and security. At the last Summit at The Hague that I attended, Pakistan's recent nuclear measures, especially the establishment of a Centre of Excellence, were appreciated. Pakistan is a State with advanced nuclear technology, with an experience of more than 40 years. We are a mainstream partner in the international non-proliferation regime. Pakistan also has a stringent national export control system that is fully harmonized with international export control regimes. Though a nonmember, we are abiding by their guidelines. Pakistan ought to be a part of these export control regimes, especially the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Pakistan also qualifies for full access to civil nuclear technology, to overcome its energy shortages and spur economic growth.”

Palau
H.E. Mr. Tommy Esang Remengesau, President
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Papua New Guinea
H.E. Mr. Rimbink Pato, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration
30 September 2014

No relevant references.

Palestine
H.E. Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, President
26 September 2014

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “The occupying Power has chosen to defy the entire world by launching its war on Gaza, by which its jets and tanks brutally assassinated lives and devastated the homes, schools and dreams of thousands of Palestinian children, women and men and in reality destroying the remaining hopes for peace…. there was also no need for thousands of deadly raids and tons of explosives to remind the world that there is an occupation that must end and that there is a people that must be freed.”

Panama
H.E. Mr. Juan Carlos Varela Rodríguez, President
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Paraguay
H.E. Mr. José Antonio Dos Santos, Permanent Representative
30 September 2014

Disarmament, non-proliferation, arms trade: “Disarmament, non-proliferation, and arms control, are not only essential factors to secure peace and international security, but also the guarantee for the most vulnerable countries to assure themselves to a sustainable economic and social development. Only strengthened by a solid multilateral system with strict adherence to the rule of law in international and national level, will we be able to guarantee our mutual security. We are convinced that the international instruments of universal character and obligatory disarmament, as well as the Arms Trade Treaty that will enter into force shortly, will help to refine the effectiveness of the existing regional initiatives to avoid that irresponsible actors will have access to these.”

Peru
H.E. Mr. Ollanta Humala Tasso, President
25 September 2014

Arms trade: “The international community faces ever growing phenomena that transcend borders. I am specifically referring to terrorism, transnational organized crime, the global drug problem, corruption, traffic in persons, sexual exploitation, trafficking of children and adolescents, and smuggling of arms, among others.”

Philippines
H.E. Mr. Albert Del Rosario, Secretary for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2014

WMD:  “The Philippines is deeply concerned over the threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction from the Middle East to the Korean Peninsula. The Philippines has remained firm in its position on the total and complete elimination of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. The Philippines strongly believes that the Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and All Other Weapons of Mass Destruction should be convened as soon as possible.”

Nuclear weapons: “The Six Party talks on the Korean Peninsula should re-start. We need a successful outcome to the 2015 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference to ensure the credibility of the Treaty. The Philippines strongly supports the ongoing discourse on the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons that has been gaining ground within and outside the UN. We will continue to lend our voice to calls for nuclear disarmament until we have reached the goal of global zero.”

Landmines, IEDs, small arms, arms trade: The Philippines also deplores the use of landmines and improvised explosive devices, and the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, which, unfortunately still continue around the world.”

Poland
H.E. Mr. Bronisław Komorowski, President
25 September 2014

Disarmament: “Poland is strongly involved in various fields of activity conducted by our organisation, from human rights to disarmament.”

Portugal
H.E. Mr. Rui Machete, Minister of State and Foreign Affairs
27 September 2014

Nuclear weapons: “The positive signs that we witnessed a year ago regarding the Iranian nuclear program were confirmed with the signing of the Geneva "Joint Action Plan". A new political impetus is now needed. Portugal supports and encourages the ongoing negotiations with a view to a comprehensive agreement.”

Qatar
H.E. Mr. Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-thani, Amir
24 September 2014

Explosive weapons in populated areas: “It is the duty of the world to persuade the Palestinians that those who killed their children in Gaza would not be received in the diplomatic forums as if they carried out a civilized action, for they have bombed Palesfinians from the air without staining their hands with blood.”

Explosive weapons in populated areas, chemical weapons: “The world remained unfazed even when Syrian children and women were being killed with chemical weapons, and when its populated neighborhoods were bombed with air-dropped barrels.”

Republic of Korea
H.E. Ms. Park Geun-hye, President
24 September 2014

Nuclear weapons: “We need to prevent the development and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction like nuclear weapons, which pose a fundamental threat to international peace and security.”

Nuclear weapons: “By the same token, I would underline the urgency of resolving the North Korean nuclear issue, which presents the single-greatest threat to peace on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast Asia. The DPRK is the only country to have conducted a nuclear test in the 21st century. Its nuclear program is not only a serious threat to international peace, but also amounts to a total rejection of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, the backbone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime. The DPRK must make the decision to give up its nuclear weapons. The DPRK should follow in the footsteps of other countries that have abandoned their nuclear weapons in favor of reform and opening, and choose a different path that supports its economic development and improves the lives of its people.”

Chemical weapons: “In this regard, we welcome the elimination of Syria's chemical weapons through the joint efforts of the UN and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), as well as the progress being made in addressing the Iranian nuclear issue.”

Nuclear safety: “I have also proposed creating a Northeast Asia nuclear safety consultative body to discuss nuclear safety issues - a topic of shared interest for the countries in the region.”

Romania
H.E. Mr. Victor-Viorel Ponta, Prime Minister
25 September 2014

No relevant references.

Russian Federation
H.E. Mr. Sergey V. Lavrov, Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2014

Militarism: “Washington has openly declared its right to unilateral use of force anywhere to uphold its own interests. Military interference has become a norm - even despite the dismal outcome of all power operations that the U.S. has carried out over the recent years. The sustainability of the international system has been severely shaken by NATO bombardment of Yugoslavia, intervention in Iraq, attack against Libya and the failure of operation in Afghanistan. Only due to intensive diplomatic efforts the aggression against Syria was prevented in 2013. There is an involuntary impression that the goal of various ‘color revolutions’ and other projects to change unsuitable regimes is to provoke chaos and instability.”

Nuclear weapons, nuclear energy, chemical weapons: “The theory of the advantages of collective work has been supported by practice: this includes the progress in the settlement of situation around Iranian nuclear program and successful conclusion of chemical demilitarization of Syria. Besides, on the issue of chemical weapons we would like to obtain authentic information on the condition of chemical arsenals in Libya. We understand that our NATO colleagues after they bombed out this country in violation of a UNSG Resolution would not like to ‘stir up’ the mayhem they created. However, the problem of uncontrolled Libyan chemical arsenals is too serious to turn a blind eye on it. The UN Secretary General has an obligation to show his responsibility on this issue as well.”

Rwanda
H.E. Mr. Paul Kagame, President
24 September 2014

No relevant references.