Assuring destruction forever: nuclear weapon modernization around the world
This new, groundbreaking study by Reaching Critical Will explores in-depth the nuclear weapon modernization programmes in China, France, India, Israel, Pakistan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and analyzes the costs of nuclear weapons in the context of the economic crisis, austerity measures, and rising challenges in meeting human and environmental needs.
soft cover • 152 pages • March 2012
PDF available online for free
As of March 2012, the nuclear weapon possessors are estimated to possess approximately 19,500 nuclear weapons. All of them have plans to modernize—upgrade and/or extend the lives of—their nuclear weapons.
In this study, non-governmental researchers and analysts provide information on each country’s modernization plans. There are eight country chapters followed by three “thematic” chapters that address issues of international law, divestment, and political will. The country chapters are chock full of detailed information about nuclear weapon programmes and policies while the thematic chapters analyze these policies in a broader context.
(An update to the executive summary, Still assuring destruction forever, was published in March 2013.)
Edited by Ray Acheson • Published by Reaching Critical Will, a project of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom
China Hui Zhang, Harvard University
France Hans Kristensen, Federation of American Scientists
India M.V. Ramana, Princeton University
Israel Merav Datan, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy
Pakistan Zia Mian, Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University
Russian Federation Pavel Podvig, Russian Nuclear Forces Project
United Kingdom John Ainslie, Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
United States Andrew Lichterman, Western States Legal Foundation
International law John Burroughs, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy
Divestment Tim Wright, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
Political will Andrew Lichterman, Western States Legal Foundation
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