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UNGA Disarmament Index 2010: H–R

This is an index of all references made to issues of disarmament, peace, and security, made in the 65th General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly from 23–30 September 2010. Included in this index are all references made to arms control, disarmament, multilateralism, nuclear energy, security, proliferation, the arms trade, and nuclear and conventional weapons.

A-G | H-R | S-Z

Haiti | Holy See | Honduras | Hungary
Iceland
| India | Indonesia | Iran | Iraq | Ireland | Israel | Italy
Jamaica | Japan | Jordan
Kazakhstan
| Kenya | Kiribati | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan
Laos
| Latvia | Lebanon | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Liechtenstein | Lithuania | Luxembourg
Macedonia | Madagascar | Malawi | Malaysia | Maldives | Mali | Malta | Marshall Islands | Mauritania | Mauritius | Mexico | Micronesia | Moldova | Monaco | Mongolia | Montenegro | Morocco | Mozambique | Myanmar
Namibia
| Nauru | Nepal | Netherlands | New Zealand | Nicaragua | Niger  | Nigeria | Norway
Oman
Pakistan
| Palau | Palestine | Panama | Papua New Guinea | Paraguay | Peru | Philippines | Poland | Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea | Republic of Moldova | Romania | Russian Federation | Rwanda

Haiti
H.E. Mr. René Garcia Préval, President
24 September 2010

Military spending: “Five years before 2015, there is still a long road to travel, and this is because of the developed countries not fully living up to the financial commitments made for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. What can I say about the trillions of dollars that have been swallowed up in bloody and unjustified wars over the last ten years? What am I to say about the annual defense budgets of developed countries, which could instead be devoted to attaining the Millennium Development Goals?”

Arms trade: “What are we to say about arms trafficking from the North to the South, which only facilitates drug trafficking. We have to provide answers to those questions and we cannot sidestep those questions much longer without rushing to our common doom.”

Honduras
H.E. Mr. Mario Canahuati, Secretary of State
24 September 2010

No relevant references.

Hungary
H.E. Mr. Pál Schmitt, President
24 September 2010

Disarmament machinery, nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation, WMD, missiles: “Let me express Hungary’s sincere gratitude to the Secretary-General for convening, on this very day, a high-level meeting on the disarmament machinery. A new dynamics in this area has also been clearly demonstrated at the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference earlier this year, and we are hopeful that the renewed international commitment to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation will lead to success.

“We view with great concern, however, that the growing consensus around an ultimate goal of a so-called ‘Global Zero’ in nuclear weapons is offset by overt and covert attempts at weapons of mass destruction and missile proliferation by certain countries.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Hungary fully supports the statement made in New York on September 22nd by EU High Representative Ashton, on the negotiations conducted between the E3+3 powers and Iran.”

Iceland
H.E. Mr. Össur Skarphéðinsson, Minister for Foreign Affairs
24 September 2010

No relevant references.

India
H.E. Mr. S. M. Krishna, Minister of External Affairs
29 September 2010

Nuclear disarmament, WMD terrorism: “India has an abiding commitment for achieving universal, non-discriminatory nuclear disarmament within a specific time frame, a vision that was most eloquently articulated in the G.A. By Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1988. More than two decades later the painful reality is that this goal still remains a distant one. In the meantime, newer threats have emerged, including the threat of terrorists gaining access to weapons of mass destruction.”

Nuclear disarmament: “India tabled a working paper on nuclear disarmament in 2006 containing specific proposals that reflect the spirit and substance of the Rajiv Gandhi Action Plan. We call for an intensification of discussion and dialogue among Member States and the larger non-governmental communities so as to strengthen the international consensus that can be translated into concrete action on achieving nuclear disarmament.”

Fissile materials: “India remains committed to the negotiation in the CD of a multilateral, non-discriminatory and internationally verifiable FMCT that meets India's national security interests.”

Nuclear testing: “We remain committed to a unilateral and voluntary moratorium on nuclear explosive testing.”

Indonesia
H.E. Mr. R.M. Marty Natalegawa, Minister for Foereign Affairs
28 September 2010

Disarmament: “We will also strive to ensure the recent positive momentum on the issue disarmament is maintained.”

CTBT: “Indonesia is on track to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).”

Iran (Islamic Republic of)
H.E Mr. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President
23 September 2010

Disarmament, nuclear weapons, biological weapons, chemical weapons: “Instead of disarmament, the proliferation and stockpiling of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons expanded, putting the world under a bigger threat. As a result, the very same old goals of colonialists and the slave masters were, this time round, pursued with a new facade.”

Nuclear energy: “Nuclear energy is clean and cheap and a heavenly gift which is amongst the most suitable alternatives to cut the pollutions emanating from fossil fuels. The Non- Proliferation Treaty (NPT) allows all member States to use nuclear energy without limits and the International Atomic Energy Agency is mandated to provide member States with technical and legal support.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “The nuclear bomb is the worst inhumane weapon and which must totally be eliminated. The NPT prohibits its development and stockpiling and calls for nuclear disarmament.”

Nuclear energy, nuclear weapons: “Nonetheless, note what some of the permanent members of the Security Council and nuclear bomb holders have done: They have equated nuclear energy with the nuclear bomb, and have distanced this energy from the reach of most of nations by establishing monopolies and pressuring the IAEA. While at the same time, they have continued to maintain, expand and upgrade their own nuclear arsenals.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “Not only the nuclear disarmament has not been realized but also nuclear bombs have been proliferated in some regions, including by the occupying and intimidating Zionist regime.”

Nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “I would like here to propose that the year 2011 be proclaimed the year of nuclear disarmament and ‘Nuclear Energy for all, Nuclear Weapons for None’.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Had Iran enjoyed veto privilege, would the Security Council and the IAEA Director General have taken the same position in the nuclear issue?”

“The Tehran Declaration was a hugely constructive step in confidence building efforts which was made possible through the admirable good will by the governments of Brazil and Turkey along with the sincere cooperation of the Iranian government. Although the Declaration received inappropriate reaction by some and was followed by an unlawful resolution, it is still valid.”

“We have observed the regulations of the IAEA more than our commitments, yet, we have never submitted to illegally imposed pressures nor will we ever do so.”

Peace, security: “Justice is the basic element for peace, durable security and the spread of love among peoples and nations.”

Iraq
H.E. Mr. Jalal Talabani, President
23 September 2010

Non-proliferation, disarmament: “We call on states that have not yet acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to accede to the treaty and comply with its provisions.”

Iran’s nuclear programme, nuclear energy: “With regard to the Iranian nuclear issue, Iraq believes in the legitimate right of states to the uses of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, a right guaranteed by international conventions including the NPT. We stress the importance of reaching a peaceful solution in dealing with this issue, and that dialogue and diplomacy are the most successful means to achieve that goal. On other hand, any escalation of the matter would hurt the interests of all parties and put the security of the region at risk.”

Nuclear weapon free zone: “We also call for making the Middle East a zone free of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, which would enhance the prospects for peace and security in the region.”

Ireland
H.E. Mr. Micheál Martin, Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2010

Iran’s nuclear programme: “The lack of progress in resolving the differences between the international community and Iran over that country’s nuclear program is a source of great concern.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “The global security which we all wish to achieve depends crucially on the eradication of the means of conflict. Efforts to achieve nuclear disarmament and to prevent the further proliferation of nuclear weapons have been key objectives for the United Nations since its inception.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, nuclear weapon free zone: “Ireland was the first country to sign and ratify the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty. The successful outcome to last May’s NPT Review Conference has reinvigorated the Treaty and is an important milestone on the road towards the eventual elimination of all nuclear weapons. A key priority for Ireland is the implementation of the action plan on nuclear disarmament agreed there. I am pleased that Ireland made an important contribution at the Review Conference. In particular, we were able to facilitate progress in relation to the implementation of the 1995 resolution of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.”

Cluster munitions: “Ireland is equally satisfied with the progress made over the past couple of years on the issue of cluster munitions. The Convention on Cluster Munitions, which was negotiated in Dublin in May, 2008, has entered the force as of 1 August of this year. This landmark development brings closer the prospect of the elimination of all cluster munitions and the unacceptable harm to civilians which they cause. We must now move ahead with the implementation of the Convention and promotion of the widest possible adherence to its provisions. Ireland is actively supporting preparations for the first meeting of States Parties of the Convention in Vientiane in November. We will continue to show leadership on this issue and to do all we can to ensure the worldwide elimination of these atrocious weapons.”

Multilateralism: “We look to the United Nations as the indispensable forum for developing effective multilateralism and for leading international endeavors towards the creation of a more peaceful, prosperous and secure world.”

Israel
H.E. Mr. Avigdor Liberman, Deputy Prime Minister
28 September 2010

Iran’s nuclear programme: “The other misguided argument is the claim that the Palestinian issue prevents a determined international front against Iran. This argument is not only flawed, it is completely irresponsible … Just as the Khomeini Revolution had nothing to do with the Palestinian issue, so too is the Iranian decision to develop nuclear weapons unrelated.”

Italy
H.E. Mr. Franco Frattini, Minister for Foreign Affairs
25 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation, WMD, nuclear weapons: “In the field of security, a commitment to disarmament and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has always been a feature of Italian foreign policy. Proliferation is a growing threat that can only be countered through international cooperation. In this regard, the Italian government has just presented some concrete proposals. We need to set the goal of a ‘zero-nuclear’ option in an appropriate time frame - but without conveying the impression that it is an unrealistic aspiration.”

Jamaica
H.E. Mr. Orette Bruce Golding, Prime Minister
27 September 2010

Multilateralism: “It is in this mutuality, this interconnectedness and interdependency with all our commonality and diversity that we find both our strengths and our weaknesses. We have seen those strengths at work and what they can accomplish, the positive difference we can make when we surmount our differences and find common purpose in preventing wars and securing peace, safeguarding human rights and promoting human development.”

Nuclear terrorism, non-proliferation: “Mr. President, the danger to international peace and security of nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism must remain at the top of the international security agenda.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation, START: “We are encouraged by the 2010 Review Conference of the Non Proliferation Treaty in June which elaborated on measures toward a nuclear-weapons-free world and the strengthening of the nuclear non-proliferation regime. We have no doubt that a contributing factor was the new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty signed between Russia and the United States of America in April of this year. We look forward to the ratification and entry into force of this Treaty between these two states which, together, possess more than ninety percent of the world's nuclear arsenal. Their faithful compliance with the Treaty and commitment to greater transparency in achieving further reductions will secure our hope for eventual nuclear disarmament.”

Small arms and light weapons: “Latin America and the Caribbean are faced with the twin menace of the illicit trade in narcotic drugs and small arms. The open borders in the Caribbean make us an easy conduit for transhipment between the major sources and destinations of illicit drugs. The attendant crime and violence constitute a major threat to national development because they create instability and force us to divert scarce resources to tackle this scourge.”

Small arms and light weapons, ammunition: “The recent High-Level meeting on Transnational Organized Crime and the Fourth Review Conference on Small Arms and Light Weapons were instrumental in reinforcing the need for the implementation of measures to curtail the growing threat. These efforts would be strengthened by the conclusion of a legally binding instrument to curtail the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons and ammunition and we urge the United Nations to approach this troubling issue with the urgency that it deserves.”

Japan
H.E. Mr. Naoto Kan, Prime Minister
24 September 2010

Weapons of mass destruction, missiles: “At this time, the international community is facing a series of challenges that include poverty, hunger, infectious diseases, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and missiles, regional conflicts, global environmental issues.”

Peace: “The second perspective is the importance of acting proactively towards achieving true peace. What does ‘true peace’ mean? I believe that true peace can be sustained only when each and every individual enjoys freedom and lives a fulfilling life with his or her dignity ensured. To achieve it, it is not enough to maintain the absence of a state of war, but requires efforts to build a society in which true peace can be sustained and to restore peace after it has been destroyed.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “The third area of contribution is nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. I believe that invention of the nuclear weapon and subsequent threat to the survival of the human race being man's doing the solution to the problem must be within the reach of man's effort.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “What is required is will and action. First big step forward in this regard was the Prague speech by President Obama in which he presented the idea of a world without nuclear weapons.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “Secretary-General Ban Ki -moon visited Japan in August this year and was the first UN Secretary-General to attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony and visit Nagasaki. I would like to thank the Secretary-General once again for making this visit. At the Hiroshima ceremony, a representative from the United States was also in attendance, along with the representatives of other countries. I very much welcome that decision, which will contribute to raising the momentum towards a world without nuclear weapons.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “Japan, as the only country that has ever suffered the devastation of atomic bombings, has the moral responsibility to take concrete steps to realize a world without nuclear weapons.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “Japan bears a responsibility to all humankind to hand down to future generations an awareness of the catastrophic nature of nuclear weapons. With this objective, I decided to appoint atomic bomb survivors, known in Japan as hibakusha, as ‘Special Communicators for a World without Nuclear Weapons,’ and to ask them to send out messages to the world about the horror of the use of nuclear weapons and the value of peace that only those with firsthand experience can convey. Japan will coordinate with other countries and civil society to promote education on disarmament and non-proliferation issues.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “Last December, Japan submitted a draft resolution entitled, ‘Renewed determination towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons,’ which was subsequently adopted in the General Assembly, with the United States as a co-sponsor for the first time. Japan is determined to continue its efforts to strengthen the trend of broadening support for the resolution in the international community.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “Steady implementation of the agreement of the NPT Review Conference in May is essential. Japan and Australia have co-hosted a Foreign Ministers meeting on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation with like-minded countries on the occasion of the opening of the new General Assembly session and launched a new group dedicated to working towards a world without nuclear weapons. We intend to deepen discussions on reducing the role and number of nuclear weapons in the world.”

DPRK nuclear programme: “The DPRK’s nuclear and missile development programs pose a threat to the entire international community. Japan urges the DPRK to take concrete actions in accordance with the series of relevant Security Council resolutions and the Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks. Moreover, steady implementation of the resolutions by all Member States is essential. Japan has not altered its intention to comprehensively resolve the outstanding issues of concern, settle the ‘unfortunate past’ and normalize relations in accordance with the Japan-DPRK Pyongyang Declaration. Towards that end, it is absolutely indispensable to resolve the abduction issue. If the DPRK takes constructive and sincere steps such as implementing its agreement with Japan, Japan is ready to respond in kind.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “On the Iranian nuclear issue, it is important for the international community to work in unity to implement firmly the relevant Security Council resolutions and to urge Iran to take realistic decisions. Japan wil1 continue to urge Iran to make efforts to dispel the suspicions of the international community. We will also work together with the international community for a peaceful and diplomatic resolution of this issue.”

Peace: “Japan, which underwent reconstruction from the destruction of war and achieved economic growth, is deeply aware of the importance and value of peace. Our efforts in the area of peacekeeping and peacebuilding is a manifestation of our determination to act proactively toward achieving true peace.”

Peace: “The United Nations is the only universal international organization with the goal of promoting world peace and prosperity.”

Nuclear weapons: “I believe that Japan, as the only country that has ever suffered the devastation of atomic bombings and as a country that does not possess nuclear weapons, is well-suited to play a role in the Security Council in the 21st century. I wish to express once again Japan's determined aspiration to take on further responsibilities for international peace and security as a permanent member of the Security Council.”

Jordan
His Majesty King Abdullah II Bin Al Hussein, Head of State
23 September 2010

Multilateralism: “More than ever our world is confronting multiple global crises which cannot be effectively addressed without a coordinated, multilateral action.”

Kazakhstan
H.E. Mr. Kanat Saudabayev, Secretary of State
25 September 2010

Nuclear testing: “On 29 August 1991, the President of Kazakhstan Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev by his unilaterally shut down, once and for all, one of the world’s largest nuclear test sites. It is highly symbolic that, eighteen years later, the last session of the General Assembly acted upon his initiative to adopt a resolution establishing 29 August as the international day against nuclear tests…. At this stage we call upon States which has not signed or ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) to do so as soon as possible. The entry into force of the CTBT will become one of the key areas of effective implementation of the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), an important instrument forming a foundation for the security of all humanity.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament: “I would like to reaffirm the urgency and relevance of the initiative of the President of Kazakhstan Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev to draft a Universal Declaration of a Nuclear-Free World, which would reflect the commitment of all states to firmly and consistently move towards a nuclear-free world.”

Nuclear energy: “We support a legitimate and inalienable right of each State Party to the NPT to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. However, such activities should be carried out in a transparent manner and on the basis of strict compliance with all requirements of the IAEA and under its control. Kazakhstan, being the world’s largest uranium producer, intends to contribute to the development of nuclear energy and is ready to host an international nuclear fuel bank, under the auspices of the IAEA, and to commit itself to its safe storage.”

CTBT, fissile materials, nuclear disarmament: “We are satisfied that the States Parties to the NPT were able to adopt an outcome document last May at the conclusion of the latest NPT Review Conference. Yet, new and more decisive steps are needed today for nuclear disarmament. An early drafting of a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT), which should become, along with the CTBT, an important pillar of the NPT, is one of such steps.”

Negative security assurances: “We believe that it is extremely important to begin, as soon as possible, the drafting of an international legally binding instrument providing security assurances by nuclear powers to nom-nuclear-weapon States. Only such assurances can effectively keep in check the aspirations of certain non-nuclear States to acquire nuclear weapons, which they regard as a guarantee of their own security.”

Nuclear weapon free zones: “The establishment of new zones free from nuclear weapons, including in the Middle East, would represent another step towards achieving the goal of a nuclear free world. We are convinced that a focused and progressive movement in this direction would contribute to the establishment of trust among neighbors in the region and lay the foundations for a radical change in the situation of that long-suffering region.”

Kenya
H.E. Mr. Mwai Kibaki, President
23 September 2010

Multilateralism: “The theme of this 65th Session of the UN General Assembly, "Reaffirming the central role of the United Nations in global governance" is appropriate and timely. Today's transnational challenges, including issues of peace and security, development, human rights, the environment and health, require genuine global governance that encompasses all United Nations member states.”

Kiribati
H.E. Mr. Anote Tong, President
25 September 2010

No relevant references.

Kuwait
His Highness Sheikh Naser Al-Mohammad Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Prime Minister
24 September 2010

Multilateralism: “It is our hope that the success story of the United Nations will continue for many years to come; not only because it is considered the best multilateral international mechanism there is, but also for being the most legitimate, neutral and credible institution.”

Nuclear energy, Iran’s nuclear programme, nuclear weapon free zone: “While the State of Kuwait affirms the rights of States to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, it calls up all states with similar programs to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and take whatever steps necessary of confidence building to reassure the international community about the nature of its nuclear program, according to the resolutions of international legitimacy. We also emphasize the need to resolve this issue peacefully by diplomatic means through direct negotiations between the concerned parties, which will pave the way to the creation of zone free of nuclear weapons in the Middle East, in implementation of the resolution adopted by the Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference held at the United Nations headquarters during the past month of May.”

Kyrgyzstan
H.E. Mr. Ruslan Kazakbaev, Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, nuclear weapon free zone: “This last May, the NPT Review Conference demonstrated the possibility of achieving an understanding in the critical sphere of nuclear disarmament. My country also is making a contribution to it. Kyrgyzstan has been assigned a depository of a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in Central Asia. Thus it assists in strengthening regional security and broadening the collaboration with other nuclear weapon free zones.”

Nuclear weapon free zone, nuclear waste: “The ecological dimension is a special feature of the Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in Central Asia; for not to be forgotten are the large quantity of remaining nuclear tailings in Kyrgyzstan which pose a serious risk to human life and the environment in general.”

Lao People's Democratic Republic
H.E. Mr. Choummaly Sayasone, President
24 September 2010

Non-proliferation, militarism: “The use and proliferation of weapons in all forms will undoubtedly have a long-term impact on life of people and impede national social-economic development efforts.”

Nuclear weapons, WMD, non-proliferation, disarmament, peace: “Peace and stability continues to be threaten by weapons of mass destruction especially nuclear weapons. The result of the NPT Review held in May this year did not, by any means, meet our expectations in addressing the non- proliferation of nuclear weapons and making our world free from nuclear weapons. The consensus is far from being reached due to manifest suspicion and distrust over one another. Therefore, it is time to build trust and confidence aiming at creating enabling international environment for a nuclear free world.”

Cluster munitions: “The Oslo convention which has entered into force since 1 August 2010 is a result of close cooperation and shared commitment of the international community to put an end to the serious impact and to free the people from the danger of cluster bombs. As the country most affected by the unexploded ordnance especially the cluster munitions, it is a great pride for Lao PDR to play an active part in the Oslo Process which has led to the adoption of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The Lao PDR will continue to render its close cooperation with the international community to ensure that this Convention is fully implemented.”

Latvia
H.E. Mr. Valdis Zatlers, President
24 September 2010

Non-proliferation: “Latvia appreciates the positive momentum that was created at the Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference earlier this year. Stabilizing and strengthening of nuclear non-proliferation regime is a shared responsibility of all the UN members.”

START: “The New START Treaty between the United States and Russian Federation sets a powerful and remarkable example of real steps to reduce the threat of strategic arms and engage other powers in fulfilling the goals of the NPT.”

Iran’s nuclear programme, DPRK nuclear programme: “Latvia as a member of the international community expresses its hope that every diplomatic opportunity will be used to find a comprehensive solution to the Iranian and North Korean nuclear issue.”

Lebanon
H.E. General Michel Sleiman, President
24 September 2010

Israel’s nuclear programme: “Indeed, until today, Israel refuses to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and to place all of its nuclear facilities under the IAEA full-scope safeguards.”

Lesotho
H.E. Mr. Pakalitha Bethuel Mosisili, Prime Minister
27 September 2010

Peace: “Mankind must turn away from the path of self-destruction. The route to peace and stability is clear to all of us, yet we continue to lose ourselves in the wilderness of instability and poverty, because we are blinded by ulterior motives.”

Peace, security, disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear weapons, WMD: “One of the fundamental conditions for maintaining international peace and security is our commitment to the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda. More than six decades after the formation of the UN, disarmament sadly remains a major challenge facing the international community. Today we see a steadily growing list of de-facto Nuclear Weapons States. Proliferation of the weapons of mass destruction must stop. So must the development of new generations of nuclear weapons by nuclear capable states. We must strive for a nuclear weapons free world. It is the responsibility of these states to stop threatening use of nuclear weapons as an option in the pursuit of their foreign policy interests. Lesotho will continue to join hands with all peace-loving Nations to support international disarmament and non-proliferation regimes.”

Multilateralism: “Multilateral diplomacy should supplant the traditional unilateral path in the resolution of disputes.”

Liberia
Her Excellency Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President
24 September 2010

Peace, security, multilateralism: “Because we live in a global village, continued crisis in any Member State or region should warrant our concern. Moreover, an unending crisis contradicts the cardinal objective of the United Nations, which is the promotion of international peace and security.”

Liechtenstein
H.E. Ms. Aurelia Frick, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Justice and Cultural Affairs
28 September 2010

Disarmament: “But we can only safeguard this central place of the United Nations, if we can put it to use to find effective solutions to problems such as climate change, disarmament and other areas where result has been in sufficient.”

Lithuania
H.E. Ms. Dalia Grybauskaité, President
23 September 2010

Chemical weapons: “Lithuania launched the initiative to have a resolution on sea-dumped chemical weapons to the General Assembly. Lithuania wants to strengthen the international efforts in raising public awareness about dangerous ammunition buried in the sea. It is in every country’s interest to go for voluntary information exchange in order to strengthen common security. Each and all must be aware how deadly dangerous these dumped chemicals still are. We need to have guidelines on how to behave in case of disaster.”

Luxembourg
H.E. Mr. Jean Asselborn, Deputy Prime Minister
24 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation, multilateralism: “Whether we discuss ways to ... promote human rights, the rule of law, and democracy in the world, progress towards disarmament and non-proliferation or the fight against terrorism, today more than ever, we need to work together.”

Multilateralism: “As a founding member of the United Nations, Luxembourg fully endorses the Secretary General’s assessment that only the UN has the necessary scope, knowledge and legitimacy to develop and implement effective policies in order to address global challenges, which require urgent and collective responses.”

“It is only together, assembled in the United Nations, that we can help build a better future for us all.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons free zones: “But allow me for a moment to address another issue which should not be overlooked when discussing ways to guarantee and strengthen peace, security and stability at the international level, namely, disarmament and nonproliferation. The success of the 8th Conference on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, held here in New York in May, brought us closer to our common goal of a safer world for all, a world free from nuclear weapons. It will now be important to maintain the political momentum and to ensure the full implementation of these decisions, including provisions relating to the holding of a Conference in 2012 on a nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East.”

Disarmament, conventional weapons, nuclear weapons, security, militarism: “[W]e must continue our efforts for both nuclear and conventional disarmament. The constant search for security at the lowest possible level of armaments will be an essential contribution to stability in the world.”

Cluster munitions: “I welcome in this respect the coming into force on 1 August 2010 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which prohibits the use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitions.”

Arms trade treaty, conventional weapons: “Advances made towards a legally binding instrument under the leadership of the UN in the sector of arms trade are also to be welcomed. The problems linked to unregulated trade in conventional weapons and the diversion of these weapons into illicit markets have the potential to fuel instability, organised crime and terrorism, thus jeopardising peace, security, economic and social development. Hence the importance of an eventual adoption of a binding instrument in this field. Together with other partners, my country will organise a symposium on The Arms Trade Treaty in Boston next week, in which all UN member states have been invited to participate. We thus hope to contribute to discussions and reflections on this important issue.”

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
H.E. Mr. Musa Abdussalam Kousa, Secretary of the General People’s Committee for Foreign Liaison and International Cooperation
28 September 2010

Peace, WMD, nuclear weapons, disarmament, IAEA safeguards, nuclear energy: “[P]eace will not be achieved without a complete elimination of the Weapons of Mass destruction, and the implementation of the provisions of Non-Proliferation Treaty of Nuclear Weapons; which must be applicable to all, without distinction. We wish to remind you here that my country suggested amending this treaty to ensure the disarmament of countries possessing these weapons; and enabling the International Atomic Energy Agency to perform its duties and verify the reduction of nuclear arsenals which constitute the biggest threat to mankind. This question should be given high priority; meanwhile, we should encourage the possession and the use of nuclear energy for peaceful uses. We reaffirm here, as we have on all occasions, that the voluntary initiative of my country to renounce all activities related to the production of banned materials must be a role model to the nuclear-weapons States or States seeking possession of such weapons.”

Landmines: “You are well aware that the anti-personnel mines are a weapon that the vulnerable States use to defend their territories against invading forces. The powerful States do not even need to use them since they possess arsenals of advanced Weapons. In this framework, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction should be amended, taking into account the interests of the small States. The legislators of this convention should have made the States concerned committed to compensate those affected by mines planted in their lands and to provide legal and political assurances for the protection of small States due to the lack of possession of neither defensive nor offensive weapons. In the light of these facts, my delegation would like to suggest reconsidering the convention knows as ‘Ottawa Convention’.”

Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)
H.E. Mr. Gjorge Ivanov, President
24 September 2010

Peace, security: “Unfortunately, we are still witnessing daily peace and security disturbances in certain regions in the world, old and frozen conflicts, and also evident is the emergence of new tensions in several regions in the world. If the fundamental institutional and essential objective of this organization is the need for humanity to be spared from suffering, wars, conflicts, then we should ask
ourselves whether the efforts are sufficient to secure peace and prosperity. The answer is no, neither globally nor regionally.”

Malaysia
H.E. Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Prime Minister
27 September 2010

Multilateralism: “Let me reaffirm Malaysia’s unwavering and continuing support for the United Nations and the multilateral principles, based on international law, which it embodies. Let me also reiterate Malaysia’s commitment to doing our part in this collective endeavor. We do so in the strong belief that all nations, no matter how large or small, rich or poor, strong or weak, have a common responsibility towards creating a better world for tomorrow.”

Peace: “Among the most important challenges confronting the international community today that needs to be addressed collectively, is the challenge of ensuring a just, equitable and durable peace. Peace not just during our time, but, peace for all times. It is imperative that we have to achieve peace premised upon a covenant of the willing and not one enforced by way of hegemony through fear and coercion. Such peace can only be achieved if we are willing to constructively engage each other through dialogue. Such discussions would help in creating a deeper understanding as well as appreciation and respect of each other in our conviction to create a better future for all citizens of the world.”

Maldives
H.E. Mr. Mohamed Waheed, Vice-President
27 September 2010

No relevant references.

Malta
H. E. Mr. Tonio Borg, Deputy Prime Minister
28 September 2010

Security: “It is an accepted norm that “there is no development without security, no security without development and neither without respect for human rights.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation, START: “Important achievements have been registered in the past months in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation. The new strategic offensive arms agreement to replace the 1991 START, signed in Prague in April 2010, between the President of the United States and of the Russian Federation, created appropriate political momentum which prepared the way for the successful outcome of the 2010 NPT Review Conference.”

Nuclear weapon free zone: “Malta is particularly pleased that among the agreed actions taken by the conference was the endorsement by the NPT State Parties of the convening by the U.N. Secretary-General, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, in consultation with the countries of the region, of a conference in 2012 to address the establishment of a nuclear weapon free zone and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.”

Marshall Islands
H.E. Mr. Jurelang Zedkaia, President
25 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear testing, nuclear waste: “Finally – I must address one of the most important issue this year within the United Nations. Member states and leaders must improve progress in achieving the goal to stop the spread of nuclear weapons and to pursue the peace and security of a world without them.

“The Marshall Islands has a unique reason for seeking the goal of a world free of nuclear weapons. During our time as a UN Trust Territory, 67 large-scale surface tests of nuclear weapons were conducted on our homeland, explicitly authorized under two UN resolutions in 1954 and 1956. No people should ever bear such a burden.

“For decades, we have told the United Nations about our communities, who are still displaced, about the deliberate use of our people as scientific experiments and of ongoing health impacts inherited through generations. We continue to face the challenges of a UN-era nuclear waste storage site, surrounded by rising waters – towards which we lack resources or technical capacity. We acknowledge important and positive actions already taken by partners –including our former administrator, the United States, but we need – and deserve – improved attention and assistance by the US – as well as from the UN system and multilateral bodies.

“I also acknowledge the support of the Pacific Islands Forum, including the leadership of outgoing chair Australia, as well as the Non-Aligned Movement, in ensuring that the NPT review meeting acknowledged the need to address sites contaminated by testing. I fully expect that member states of the General Assembly will be willing to further recognize that a special responsibility exists towards former UN Trust Territories adversely effected by nuclear testing.

“As the United Nations maps a global future of non-proliferation, the past legacy of nuclear activities can no longer be ignored.”

Mauritania
H.E. Mr. Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf, Prime Minister
25 September 2010

No relevant references.

Mauritius
H.E. Mr. Arvin Boolell, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade
28 September 2010

Security: “Democracy and the rule of law are essential elements for the development, stability, security and prosperity of any country.”

Mexico
H.E. Mr. Claude Heller, Chairman of the delegation
28 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear weapons, START: “In 2010, significant progress has been made in the areas of disarmament and non-proliferation, and the international community has endorsed its commitment to nuclear safety. The signing of the new strategic arms reduction treaty between the U.S. and Russia, the Nuclear Summit held in Washington, and the outcome of the Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), are achievements that must be commended.”

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, nuclear weapon free zone: “We cannot ignore that the credibility and viability of the disarmament agenda depend on the universalization of the NPT and the entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). In parallel, the creation of a nuclear weapon free zone in the Middle East would constitute a decisive step towards this end.”

Small arms and light weapons, arms trade treaty: “International security depends not only on the elimination of weapons of mass destruction. It is also threatened by the existence of small arms and light weapons and their illicit trafficking, which fuels conflicts and claim the lives of thousands of people, destabilizing our societies.”

“It is time to tackle this challenge head on, implementing the Programme of Action on illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, and advancing towards the adoption of an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).”

WMD: “The existence of weapons of mass destruction remains a threat to humanity and increases the world’s insecurity.”

Micronesia (Federated States of)
H.E. Mr. Alik L. Alik, Vice-President
25 September 2010

No relevant references.

Moldova
H.E. Mr. Alexandru Cujba, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “The importance of cooperation for the enhancement of international security, disarmament and non-proliferation, and counteracting international terrorism was stressed by many speakers in this hall.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation, START: “After many years of deadlock, significant progress in disarmament and non-proliferation in all its aspects was registered this year. The US-Russian START-agreement, the Nuclear Summit in Washington and the NPT Review Conference represent just a few of the positive examples of the increased cooperation of the member states.”

Cluster munitions, arms trade treaty: “We welcome the entry into force, on August 1st, of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, to which the Moldova brought its contribution, as well as the launching of the negotiations on the Arms Trade Treaty.”

Mongolia
H.E. Mr. Batbold Sukhbaatar, Prime Minister
27 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, START, non-proliferation, nuclear weapon free zone: “In 2010, we have seen renewed international optimism with regard to multilateral disarmament agenda. This shift in climate was reinforced by the new START and the outcome of the Nuclear Security Summit, both of which were welcomed by my Government and were reflected in the outcome of the NPT Review Conference. The Conference agreed on forward-looking action plans that impart a much-needed momentum to the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons. Mongolia welcomes this outcome and is proud of the contribution it made towards nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation by declaring its territory as nuclear - weapons- free. This status is fully recognized by the international community as attested by the Final Document of the Review Conference.”

Nuclear energy: “Mongolia welcomes the increasing role of the IAEA in contributing to the freedom from fear and freedom from want. The achievement of the MDGs depends to some extent on the contribution of nuclear applications in such areas as nuclear energy, health care as well as food and environment security. Mongolia is expanding its cooperation with the Agency, especially in human resource development, nuclear applications in health and agriculture. The 2009-2014 Country Program Framework, signed last year with the Agency, added development of nuclear energy infrastructure and the country's uranium reserves as a priority area of cooperation.”

Montenegro
H.E. Mr. Filip Vujanovic, President
24 September 2010

Disarmament: “Montenegro has been fully committed to implementing all international legal instruments regulating disarmament and arms control, and support any new constructive initiative aimed at strengthening and improving international co-operation for reduction and elimination of the risks and consequences of the production and use of any type of arms or lethal weapons.”

Morocco
H.E. Mr. Abbas El Fassi, Prime Minister
27 September 2010

No relevant references.

Mozambique
H.E. Mr. Oldemiro Marques Balói, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
27 September 2010

Multilateralism: “We need a strong United Nations which could play a central role in mobilizing member States and the international community at large to commit and fully contribute to regional and international peace and security and an enabling environment for the promotion of sustainable development. That is why we believe in multilateralism, and we reiterate our commitment to work in collaboration with all Members states of the United Nations in the pursuit of our common goals to making the world a better place for the whole of humanity.”

Myanmar
H.E. Mr. Nyan Win, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2010

Multilateralism: “It is no doubt that the United Nations is the best forum in practicing multilateralism in addressing the challenges facing the world today. The near universal participation of the world’s nations in this global body is a living testimony.”

Nuclear energy, nuclear weapons, non-proliferation, disarmament, START: “As a party to the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) and to the Treaty on Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (SEANWFZ), Myanmar has all along recognized the legitimate right of every state to the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. However, we firmly oppose the proliferation or production of nuclear weapons and strongly support any efforts leading towards the realization of the vision of a nuclear weapons free world. We, therefore, heartily welcome the signing of the new START treaty by the leaders of the United States and the Russian Federation with a view to reducing their respective nuclear arsenals. It gave us hope and expectation for the elimination of nuclear weapons and further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms. We also join others in calling for early entry into force and full implementation of the START treaty.”

Namibia
H.E. Mr. Hifikepunye Pohamba, President
24 September 2010

Peace, security: “The maintenance of international peace and security is our collective responsibility. Namibia believes that peace, security and stability are the cornerstones for achieving sustainable development.... We urge the international community to support conflict prevention and peace building efforts around the world.”

Non-proliferation, disarmament, nuclear energy, nuclear weapons, multilateralism: “Recently, State Parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty reaffirmed their commitment to nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy. We welcome this positive step, in the belief that multilateralism is the most viable option for achieving a world free from the danger of nuclear weapons.”

Nauru
H.E. Mr. Marcus Stephen, President
24 September 2010

No relevant references.

Nepal
H.E. Mr. Bhim Bahadur Rawal, Minister for Home Affairs
27 September 2010

Peace, security: “International peace and security is our shared desire and a common responsibility. Challenges to international peace and security are multiple and complex. In an ever changing world, the sources of threats are different and so are the actors. Political and social conflicts have been aggravated by abject poverty and disparity. Therefore stabilization of global peace and security also demands ensuring freedom from want and hunger as a basic human right and enabling people to realize their full human potentials. Thus, we believe that development, peace and security are inextricably linked with each other.”

Peace: “We are fully aware that the protection and promotion of all human rights and fundamental freedoms strengthens the sustainability of peace and progress.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, nuclear weapons, CTBT, fissile materials, small arms and light weapons: “Nepal has consistently and unequivocally called for general and complete disarmament of all weapons of mass destruction under effective international control. Nepal stands for complete elimination of nuclear weapons in a time-bound manner. The operationalisation of CTBT and an early conclusion of a Fissile Materials Cut-Off Treaty should be our priority. We support the non-proliferation of small arms and light weapons.”

START: “In this context, we welcome the signing in April earlier this year of the Treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation on Strategic Offensive Arms.”

Non-proliferation, disarmament: “We welcome the successful outcome of the 2010 NPT Review conference.”

Disarmament machinery: “However we call for reinvigorating the Conference on Disarmament, as a multilateral body, to start discussions on substantive issues.”

“Nepal strongly believes that regional mechanisms complement efforts to promote the global disarmament agenda. The UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific (RCPD), which we are proud to host, must be strengthened to revitalize the ‘Kathmandu Process’ to facilitate dialogues and deliberations for confidence building in the region.”

Disarmament, nuclear weapons: “We also appreciate the Secretary General for his efforts to advance nuclear disarmament on the basis of the five-point action plan he has proposed.”

Netherlands
H.E. Mr. Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister
25 September 2010

No relevant references.

New Zealand
H.E. Mr. Murray McCully, Minister for Foreign Affairs
24 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation, cluster munitions: “New Zealand welcomes the action plan adopted at this year’s Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference, the groundbreaking Nuclear Security Summit, and the entry into force of the convention on Cluster Munitions. These are tangible and practical successes. But we still face some significant challenges.”

Disarmament machinery: “New Zealand is concerned by the continuing inertia in the Conference on Disarmament. The Secretary-General's High-Level Meeting on Disarmament this morning was a valuable step in acknowledging this problem and finding a way forward.”

Nicaragua
H.E. Mr. Samuel Santos López, Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2010

Militarism: “No war will bring a partial or momentary solution, much less will a war bring about a definitive solution.”

“War games on the Korean Peninsula increase tension in that zone and put advances between the Koreas at risk. Europe nor the Persian Gulf have escaped the military zones which are underway. The establishment of military bases and the disp1ay of nava1 and air power on Latin American soil threaten political stability of our nations.”

Peace: “‘Among individuals and between nations, respect to the other one's rights is equivalent to peace.’ This saying by Benito Juárez, President of Mexico, and the first indigenous president in the Americas, clearly reflects the notion and will for peace of the peoples of the world. This quote should be a guide for action by our Organization, particularly, by the Security Council, in order that its actions should adhere to the Purposes and principles of the United Nations.”

“From this forum Nicaragua makes vehement call for world Peace, for the survival of the human species, for the dignified future of the noblest aspiration of man. This is the only possible future.”

Disarmament and development: “On the other hand, for Nicaragua, there is a close relation between disarmament and development. Our commitment to security includes a commitment to the promotion of human development which we understand to be equivalent to sustainable development - development centered on the human being which should take place with good government practices and direct citizens’ participation and with social equality, all of which is indispensable for true development.”

Military spending: “From our point of view, the assignment of resources released as a result of disarmament should be directed to guaranteeing national development social goals in each of our countries. If we were to gloss over the fact that trillion of dollars are spent on war, we would realize how many human problems could have been resolved, thus alleviating the pain caused by poverty and exclusion. The world economic and financial crises had little or no effect on world military spending.”

Disarmament, nuclear weapons, peace: “Nicaragua continues to have a firm commitment to the cause of general and complete disarmament. Nicaragua, considers that to guarantee strict compliance with the arms control and disarmament accords and in order that we attain total disarmament, especially nuclear disarmament, there must be a climate of fundamental trust and solidarity as the only option for real and lasting world peace.”

Nuclear energy: “Nicaragua supports the inalienable right of the parties of the Non – Proliferation Treaty to use nuclear energy for indiscriminate peaceful purposes.”

“Nicaragua encourages actions taken in favor of the exchange of material resources, equipment and technology destined to the peaceful use of nuclear energy which would guarantee sustainable economic development in every nation and in the world.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Precisely because of this conviction, Nicaragua demands that Iran nor any other nation be cornered because they develop nuclear programs for peaceful purposes. It is possible to develop trust on the basis of dialogue and negotiation. In this regard Nicaragua joins the general support garnered by the tripartite declaration (Brazil, Turkey, Iran) which continues an alternative toward regional and world peace.”

“Security Council resolution 1929 which imposes new sanctions on the Islamic Republic of Iran has increased the potential for large scale military conflict with unforeseeable consequences.”

Niger
H.E. Lieutenant-General Salou Djibo
23 September 2010

No relevant references.

Nigeria
H.E. Mr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, President
24 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, nuclear weapon free zones: “Soon after I assumed the leadership of our country, I was invited by President Barak Obama to a mini-summit on Nuclear Disarmament in Washington, DC. Like all previous Nigerian leaders, I share the American President’s vision of a world free of nuclear weapons, and I will continue to collaborate with him and all like-minded leaders for the realization of this laudable goal. Our support and active participation in the adoption of Pelindaba Treaty is evidence of our commitment to the total elimination of nuclear weapons. This conforms with our status as a signatory to major treaties on disarmament.”

Small arms and light weapons, arms trade treaty, non-proliferation: “On the other hand, Small Arms and Light Weapons have destabilized the continent; fuelled and prolonged conflicts; and obstructed relief programmes. They have also undermined peace initiatives; increased human rights abuses; hampered development; and perhaps more worrisome, they have fostered a culture of organized crime and violence.

“We however note that illicit trade and proliferation of small arms and light weapons is not accorded commensurate attention. Nigeria calls on the United Nations to take firm action toward the control of the proliferation of small arms and light weapons by adopting an Arms Trade Treaty.

“It is estimated that 100 million pieces of these weapons are in sub-Sahara Africa alone. These have been identified as falling in the category of weapons that are actually killing more people in the African conflict than have been killed by any other types of weapons. However, unlike nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, there are no global treaties or legally binding instruments for dealing with the challenges of small arms and light weapons.”

Norway
H.E. Ms. Tine Mørch Smith, Deputy Permanent Representative
29 September 2010

No relevant references.

Oman
H.E. Mr. Sayyid Badr bin Hamad Al-Busaidi, State Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, non-proliferation, multilateralism: “The international community meets today in challenging times, faced with ? full range of complex issues, from ongoing political instability, to security challenges, financial crises, economic and environmental problems, to the nuclear question and nonproliferation. We have learned that the only solutions to such challenges can best be attained through dialogue and positive participation by all, aimed at arresting dangers that threaten international security and peace.”

Pakistan
H.E. Mr. Makhdoom Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “Disarmament and non-proliferation are important pillars of the international peace and security architecture. We remain committed to both objectives. We believe that this should be pursued in an equitable and nondiscriminatory manner.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear weapons: “Pursuit of discriminatory policies, and disregard for the security interests of states, seriously erode globally the moral authority that must underlie equitable approaches to promote the goals of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.”

Conventional weapons, militarism: “Asymmetric build-up of conventional weapons and espousal of aggressive doctrines, impact negatively on regional security.”

Nuclear weapons, conventional weapons: “We have consistently pursued a policy of conventional and nuclear restraint, along with conflict resolution in South Asia.”

Multilateralism: “The world needs a new multilateral approach that truly subscribes to the values and principles that we, the peoples of the United Nations, signed sixty five years ago.”

Palau
H.E. Johnson Toribiong, President
24 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear weapons: “Palau also supports the efforts of the international community related to disarmament and the prevention of the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Palau was the world’s first nuclear free constitution and so the elimination of nuclear weapons is of special concern.”

Disarmament, nuclear weapons, nuclear weapon free zones: “Having experienced the horror and devastation of war, we and our neighbors, including Japan, long for the day when the entire world is free of nuclear weapons. We therefore welcome all efforts to add the Middle East to the list of nuclear free weapon zones.”

Unexploded ordnance: “As a result of the fierce battles fought on our islands during World War II, explosives were scattered on our land. Some of these explosives are still active and pose an extreme danger to the lives and limbs of our people. We appeal to the conscience of the world, especially of those responsible, to remove this danger from our midst.”

Palestine
H.E. Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, President
25 September 2010

No relevant references.

Panama
H.E. Mr. Ricardo Martinelli Berrocal, President
23 September 2010

Multilateralism, security: “Our pacifism does not imply passiveness before situations that affect peace, international security and the governability of peoples. Change is in the air all over the globe. People demand more of their public servants. Our political and diplomatic actions are founded in the principles of international cooperation and the strengthening of global multilateralism. The trafficking of drugs, weapons, human organs and of persons, associated with illegal migration, money laundering, gangs and terrorism are part of criminal organizations that seek to destabilize our democracies.”

“The United Nations provides a forum of good will so nations can work together on shared goals. In our region that means jobs, opportunity and security for people.”

Small arms and light weapons: “The trafficking and possession of illegal weapons has a devastating effect on human security and the governability in our countries.”

Papua New Guinea
H.E. Sir Michael Somare, Prime Minister
27 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “Nuclear Weapons continue to provide anxiety in our security considerations. While some may argue that Nuclear Weapons have provided the reasons as to why the World has not gone into another World War, my government believes that this weapon of mass destruction is unnecessary and needs to be eliminated. As part of that process, we support efforts for the strengthening of the mechanisms aimed at non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.”

Paraguay
H.E. Mr. Héctor Lacognata, Foreign Minister
29 September 2010

Multilateralism: “We are extremely pleased that some major powers have returned to the path of multilateralism. Certain challenges facing humanity can only be resolved with the participation of all states.”

Multilateralism, security: “Only by securing a strong multilateral system with strict adherence to international law and respect for the sovereignty and self-determination of peoples can we can ensure our mutual security.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation, peace, security, disarmament and development: “Disarmament, non-proliferation, and arms control are not only essential for ensuring peace and security, but also for ensuring economic and social development is not stunted in the most vulnerable countries.”

Peru
H.E. Mr. Alan García Pérez, President
23 September 2010

Militarism: “Peru reaffirms its willingness to cooperate with the United Nations and other states to address the challenges of climate change, terrorism, extreme poverty, economic crises, drug trafficking, arms buildups, and xenophobia.”

Multilateralism, peace, security: “But we are conscious, Mr. Chairman, that since we live in a multipolar and interdependent system, none of these important achievements attained by Peru will be sustainable in the long-run unless we join efforts to combat common threats. Peace, security and cooperation, are inseparable elements of globalization and we are obliged to promote them with coordinated strategies. Mr. President, over 20 years after the end of the Cold War, we have not yet constructed the ‘stability’ of a new multilateralism, based on the effectiveness of international law. We live in a state of uncertainty in which instability wins out over peace and in which new threats arise, testing the creativity and political will of governments as well as civil society.”

Nuclear weapons, conventional weapons, military expenditure, arms race: “Peru understands that global security is the result of a combination of internal and external factors. Hence, we are profoundly concerned about the proliferation of nuclear weapons, but also the proliferation of conventional weapons, since it is the latter that are causing the death and destruction currently occurring around the world. Moreover, these weapons limit social development, and, by allowing poverty and inequality to fester, stoke the fires of instability. Peru therefore considered it necessary to propose, within the framework of the South American Community of Nations, the creation and adoption of a Protocol on Peace, Security, and Cooperation as well as to call for the reduction of military expenditures.

“We are astounded that despite having created an instrument of integration and confidence such as the South American Community of Nations, we the ten South American members have already invested $25 billion in new weapons and spent another $150 billion on operational maintenance costs. Those same expenditures could have lifted over 50 million people out of poverty. And in the next 5 years, if we fail to stop this trend, we will spend another $35 billion on new weapons and $200 billion on other military costs, locking us in an irrational, self-perpetuating arms race.

“But this absurd situation that is taking hold of South America is even more severe on a global scale. How is it possible that nations continue to allocate so much capital to purchase of armaments when there are so many living in poverty? It seems almost as if the Cold War had not ended.

“We therefore reiterate the call we made to UNASUR and the Organization of American States, a call we will insist on at all the international fora we are members of: allocate fewer resources to buy weapons and more resources to combat poverty... We will push multilateral financial organizations to put in place conditions restricting military expenditures just as there exist clauses regarding environmental factors... Mr. President, the production of harmful drugs is a serious a concern—as is the consumption of these drugs in the planet’s richest countries. But equally as serious is the manufacture of armaments so that impoverished states will purchase them, weakening development and justice in these countries. Our call to world leaders is simple, stop buying armaments and feed the humble, develop lands, and create jobs.

“This principle is neglected because we still believe the false concept that power is defined in military terms, when actually a people’s true strength lies in their intelligence and their ability to help the least fortunate.”

Arms race: “[I]ntegration is an asset from which all participating states benefit sooner or later, and the best way to integrate is to stop arms buildups.”

“Our message is one of optimism with respect to the global situation: strengthen education and limit the arms buildups.”

Small arms and light weapons, multilateralism: “[J]ust as with the international financial crisis, each of our nations is obliged to coordinate our actions to adequately address terrorism, the global drug problem, illicit arms trafficking, corruption, money laundering, human trafficking, contraband, and environmental degradation.”

Philippines
H.E. Mr. Benigno Aquino III, President
24 September 2010

Weapons of mass destruction: “In a world that has become increasingly globalized, the challenges that we face have become globalized as well. Climate change: pandemics: terrorism and weapons of mass destruction ... all call for a further strengthening of international cooperation.”

Poland
H. E. Mr . Witold Sobkow, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, WMD, disarmament: “Our goal is a world without nuclear weapons and other arms of mass destruction.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “2010 will hopefully be associated with major progress in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation. The success of the Review Conference of states-parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty has proved that a consensus is possible in this specific area of international cooperation. Efficient and practical implementation of the NPT Review Conference remains a crucial task. We are convinced that the initiative launched recently by Australia and Japan, which involves the participation of Poland and 10 other countries, will contribute to this goal.”

Nuclear weapons, START, disarmament: “We perceive the NPT Review Conference, new post-START Treaty, and Nuclear Security Summit as significant steps forward but which implementation remains a challenge. Among the issues related to nuclear disarmament there is one that clearly stands out: the status of sub-strategic nuclear weapons, whose reduction and elimination has not yet been covered by any legally binding international instrument. A world without nuclear weapons cannot be achieved if this challenge is left unattended.”

Disarmament machinery: “The Conference on Disarmament requires our special attention. We applaud the efforts of t h e UN Secretary-General who convened a few days ago a special summit devoted to disarmament. Poland attaches considerable importance to this body and calls on all states to redouble their efforts to invigorate the Conference as a platform for multilateral disarmament and nonproliferation negotiations.”

Portugal
H.E. Mr. José Socrates, Prime Minister
25 September 2010

Peace, security: “Keeping peace and international security, avoiding war, is surely one of the noblest of our objectives. The Charter defines the way we, the United Nations, should act together to prevent or remove threats to peace and how to respond to acts of aggression or other violations of our universal principles.”

Multilateralism: “International peace and security require an effective multilateralism in the UN bodies. Effective multilateralism needs to be based on working structures with which every member state feels comfortable. The United Nations, Mr. President, is the Indispensable Organization!”

Qatar
His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Amir
23 September 2010

Iran’s nuclear programme: “You may all know that our region is still experiencing the highest degree of tension in the world. ... The Iranian nuclear crisis requires a solution. We have repeatedly stressed the importance of reaching this solution through peaceful and diplomatic means, and in our view, direct dialogue between the United States of America and the Islamic public of Iran would contribute to the resolution of this crises.”

Weapons of mass destruction: “This is a very difficult goal that can only be achieved by renouncing the use of force, freeing the region of weapons of mass destruction without exceptions, and the settlements of bilateral disputes and regional conflicts on the basis of international law, the charter of the United Nations, the resolutions of international legitimacy and the principles of justice and equity.”

Peace and security: “The other issue that we would like to emphasize is that we believe that even as the phenomenon of terrorism exists, it should not be treated by waging wars. This treatment has not achieved security, peace or prosperity. To the contrary, it has spread destruction everywhere, deprived millions of people from their livelihoods, spread fear, and caused the killing and displacing of millions as well as economic and financial crises that shook the stability of the world and undermined the efforts made in dialogue among cultures.”

Peace, security, multilateralism: “Through our approach, we hope to contribute, nationally, regionally and internationally, to the establishment of peace and security, as well as the stability and development that come with them. Thus, we hope to play our part of the collective responsibility as expressed in the Charter for the common good.”

Republic of Korea
H.E. Mr. Shin Kak-Soo, Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade
25 September 2010

WMD, delivery systems, nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “One of the most urgent security challenges of today is the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery. It is imperative to further strengthen international disarmament and non-proliferation regimes built around the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In this regard, Korea welcomes the adoption of the final document at the 2010 NPT Review Conference. We trust that this hard-won achievement will lay the groundwork for future progress in nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.”

DPRK nuclear programme: “And yet, the most looming task in our step towards a ‘peace community’ is the resolution of the North Korean nuclear issue. Without North Korea’s forgoing its nuclear weapons program, no sustainable peace could be achieved on the Korean peninsula and beyond.

“Through the adoption of the UN Security Council Resolutions 1718 and 1874, the international community urged North Korea to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner. To depart from sanctions and isolation, North Korea should make the strategic decision to live up to its commitments to denuclearization. A nuclear-free North Korea would also open an avenue to saving its people from the current miserable human rights and humanitarian situation.

“Last year, on this very occasion, President Lee proposed the ‘Grand Bargain’ initiative: a single comprehensive agreement that encompasses all steps for North Korea’s denuclearization and the Five Parties’ corresponding measures. Together with the international community, we will work tirelessly to have North Korea make the right choice that would ensure a better future for both its country and people.”

WMD terrorism: “The nexus of WMD and terrorism also poses a grave risk to global security. Based on this shared understanding, the Leaders at the Washington Nuclear Security Summit last April recognized the potentially catastrophic consequences of nuclear terrorism and committed to strengthen nuclear security. It was agreed that concrete steps for securing nuclear materials should be taken to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists. We look forward to follow-up discussions on nuclear security at the second Nuclear Security Summit which is to be held in Korea in 2012.”

Romania
H.E. Mr. Emil Boc, Prime Minister
24 September 2010

Disarmament, non-proliferation, START, nuclear energy, nuclear weapons: “Coming to the crucial role of the UN in the area of disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control, I would like to underline both the needed to strengthen the relevance of international law and its full implementation. Romania welcomes the new United States- Russian Federation Treaty on nuclear arms reduction and the adoption of the final document of the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty Review Conference in May 2010, which contains concrete actions to advance international cooperation in the field of nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy.”

Fissile materials, CTBT: “The entry in to force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and future negotiations for a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty continue to be issues of high interest for my country.”

Russian Federation
H.E. Mr. Vitaly Churkin, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2010

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, START: “This year has been marked by progress in the field of nuclear disarmament. The Treaty signed by the Presidents of Russia and the USA in Prague on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms is a real contribution of our two countries to the strengthening of international security and strategic stability … We hope that the strong impetus given by Moscow and Washington to the process of nuclear disarmament will be followed by all nations, first of all, by nuclear-weapon states.”

Disarmament, outer space: “Pursuant to Russia’s policy toward the strengthening of the UN role in issues of global security, disarmament and confidence-building, we intend to table three draft resolutions during the current UN GA session: on Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space Activities co-sponsored with China; a draft resolution on Information and Telecommunications Achievements in the Context of International Security; and Russia and the US co-sponsored a draft resolution on Bilateral Strategic Offensive Arms Reductions and the New Framework for Strategic Relations. We call for their adoption by consensus.”

Non-proliferation: “Making the NPT universal and ensuring its strict implementation is a cornerstone of the consolidation of the international non-proliferation regimes.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Search must continue for an effective solution to the Iranian nuclear problem on the basis of NPT provisions and the norms of international Law. The Iranian side must ensure the required level of transparency and cooperation with the IAEA which is acting on behalf of the international community with the support by the UN Security Council. Clarification of the outstanding questions regarding the Iranian nuclear program would meet not only the goals of strengthening the non-proliferation regime but quite obviously the interests of Iran as well. Russia sees no reasonable alternative to a political and diplomatic settlement of the Iranian nuclear problem through a constructive dialogue between Tehran and the Six … As far as the instrument of sanctions is concerned, the sanctions are not a goal in itself. The objective of the sanctions regime established by the Security Council is to send a signal to Iran about the need for full cooperation with IAEA, and to give an impetus to the negotiating process.”

Nuclear weapon free zone: “The development of a comprehensive strategy to address the interconnected problems of the Middle East is on the agenda. It is necessary to continue efforts towards an international conference in 2012 on the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and other WMDs and their means of delivery in the Middle East pursuant to the decision of the NPT Review Conference.”

Rwanda
H.E. Mr. Paul Kagame, President
24 September 2010

No relevant references.