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UNGA Disarmament Index 2009: A–G

This is an index of all references made to issues of disarmament, peace, and security, made in the 64th General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly from 23–29 September 2009. Included in this index are all references made to arms control, disarmament, multilateralism, nuclear energy, security, proliferation, the arms trade, and nuclear and conventional weapons.

A–G | H–R | S–Z

UN Secretary-General | UN General Assembly President
Afghanistan
| Albania | Algeria | Andorra | Angola | Antigua and Barbuda | Argentina | Armenia | Australia | Austria | Azerbaijan
Bahamas | Bahrain | Bangladesh | Barbados | Belarus | Belgium | Belize | Benin | Bhutan | Bolivia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Botswana | Brazil | Brunei Darussalam | Bulgaria | Burkina Faso | Burundi
Cambodia | Cameroon | Canada | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Chile | China | Colombia | Comoros | Congo | Costa Rica | Côte d'Ivoire | Croatia | Cuba | Cyprus | Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Denmark | Djibouti | Dominica | Dominican Republic
Ecuador | Egypt | El Salvador | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Estonia | Ethiopia | European Union
Fiji Islands
| Finland | France
Gabon | Gambia | Georgia | Germany | Ghana | Greece | Grenada | Guatemala | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Guyana

Secretary-General of the United Nations
H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “If there ever were a time to act in the spirit of renewed multilateralism—a moment to create a United Nations of genuine collective action—it is now.”

Nuclear Disarmament: “Second—let this be the year that nations united to free our world of nuclear weapons. For too long, this great cause has lain dormant. That is why, last October, I proposed a 5-point plan for putting disarmament back on the global agenda. And now the international climate is changing. The Russian Federation and the United States have pledged to cut their nuclear arsenals. This coming May, at the UN Review Conference on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, we have opportunity to push for real progress.

Tomorrow’s historic Security Council summit—chaired by the President of the United States, with us for the first time—offers a fresh start. With action now, we can get the ratifications to bring the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty into force. Together, let us make this the year we agreed to banish the bomb.”

President of the General Assembly: Opening Remarks
H.E. Dr. Ali Abdussalam Treki
23 September 2009

Peace, security, WMD: “The international community is faced with multiples crises and enormous challenges. These include the challenges of international peace and security which continue to threaten peace in various parts of the world through protracted inter-states conflicts, civil wars, weapons of mass destruction, terrorism and organized transnational crimes.”

Disarmament and non-proliferation: “The set-backs to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, the economic, financial, food and energy crisis, disarmament and non-proliferation issues are all challenges that form the backdrop of the sixty-forth session of the General Assembly.”

Multilateralism: “Let me be clear about one important issue. These challenges can only be addressed through international cooperation among states. They can only be addressed through a well-function multi-lateral system. Multilateralism is the way forward to address global common-shared problems and it is also the only way to ensure effective and collective action.”

“The United Nations is the embodiment of multilateralism. It is therefore the most legitimate forum for ensuring concerted global action.”

“An effective and credible rule-based multilateral system requires an energized and reformed United Nations.”

“As President of the General Assembly, I commit to work with all Member States to ensure effective responses to global crises: strengthening multilateralism and dialogue among civilizations for international peace, security and development.”

President of the General Assembly: Closing Remarks
H.E. Dr. Ali Abdussalam Treki
29 September 2009

Multilateralism: “As the main theme for this debate, I had suggested that we reflect on ‘Effective responses to global crises — strengthening multilateralism and dialogue among civilizations for international peace, security and development’. I am glad that this topic has catalyzed important policy discussion. Throughout our debate we have heard a clear call for dialogue, and a willingness to act together. It is evident that the greatest challenges facing us today span the entire globe and cannot be solved by one country, a small group or one region alone. Our increasing inter-dependence calls for concerted and united responses to these challenges based on common understanding, enhanced international cooperation and shared responsibilities. I welcome a new era of engagement based on mutual interests and mutual respect and a more just and democratic world order with equal participation of sovereign Member States. The vision of nations uniting to face common challenges is at the core of the United Nations. I am heartened that inside this hall, as well as outside, in the various meetings and events on the sidelines, there was a renewed commitment to promoting effective and inclusive multilateralism.”

“Through multilateralism and dialogue, we can collectively achieve all these. goals. We will need to work efficiently, with civility, discipline and a readiness to compromise for the greater good. I want to assure you that I intend to conduct this work with transparency, fairness and respect for the General Assembly's central and crucial role in the United Nations.”

Disarmament, WMD, Nuclear Weapons: “Disarmament remains a clear priority for Member States. There is also widely shared concern about the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, as a threat to international peace and security. We have heard passionate calls for a world free of nuclear arms. I am encouraged by the willingness of Member States to engage constructively with the Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Let us all work together to ensure equal security for all.”

Peace and Security: “Member States were unanimous in their view that peace and security was intricately linked to sustainable development.”

European Union
H.E. Mr. Fredrik Reinfeldt, Prime Minister of Sweden
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “We welcome the declared wish of the United States to work together with others in multilateral institutions. This opens the door to a promising new era in international cooperation.”

“The people of the world need to know that uniting nations is not a work of the past, but of the future. Carried forward by shared values and by mutual respect. Ever more relevant with increased globalisation.”

WMD, peace, security, non-proliferation, nuclear terrorism: “Twenty years after the end of the cold war, peace and security is still threatened by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; by the fact that these weapons risk falling into the wrong hands.”

Non-proliferation: “We also welcome the Global Nuclear Security Summit which will take place next year.”

North Korea’s nuclear programme: “We strongly urge the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to renounce nuclear weapons and we stand ready to engage in this matter.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “The Iranian nuclear issue represents a major challenge to international peace and security, to regional stability and to the non-proliferation regime. Iran must regain the trust of the international community, comply with relevant Security Council resolutions and contribute to peace in the Middle East.”

Peace: “The Swedish statesman and former UN Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjold, once said: ‘The pursuit of peace and progress, with its trials and its errors, its successes and its setbacks, can never be relaxed and never abandoned

African Union
H.E. Colonel Muammar Al-Qadhafi, Leader of the Revolution of Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
23 September 2009

No relevant references.

Afghanistan
H.E. Mr. Rangin Dâdfar Spantâ, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Multilateralism / WMD / arms race: "Strengthening and restructuring UN agencies remains pivotal in closing the gap between the objectives of the charter and the realities of the world. The UN is not a forum for lip service. It must embody the ideals of the charter by providing political and moral direction and leadership. In our increasingly interdependent world and the multilaterally-oriented international system, the UN must assume greater responsibility for finding collective solutions to our challenges. The world, particularly developing nations, is faced with threats of poverty, underdevelopment, environmental degradation, extremism, fundamentalism, terrorism, cultural prejudice, spread of weapons of mass destruction and arms races. Rather than just managing and reacting to problems, the UN must find ways to address the structural causes of the world's problems and conflicts."

Albania
H.E. Mr. Sali Berisha, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Algeria
H.E. Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President
23 September 2009

Nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, disarmament machinery: “... a spirit of compromise and solidarity is needed. However, positions of developed countries still motivated by narrow national interests while they are posing a threat to humanity as a whole. This is also the case of the primordial aims of non-proliferation and disarmament, which are hostage to a double-standard policy of discriminatory measures and of the non-compliance, especially by certain nuclear powers. These practices have also not spared the multilateral negotiation frameworks, which nevertheless enjoy legitimacy and which have the necessary expertise to see achievements on the path to reinforcing the aims of non-proliferation and disarmament.”

Andorra
H.E. Mr. Xavier Espot Miró, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Institutional Relations
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Angola
H.E. Mr. Assunçaõ Afonso dos Anjos, Minister for External Relations
28 September 2009

Arms Trade: “It is worthwhile adding that the Security Council should continue to fund UN operations for peace and security in Africa and support the efforts of African states in combatting drug trafficking, illicit arms trade, piracy and terrorism.”

Small Arms: “It seems important to emphasize that the strategy of conflict prevention and resolution, particularly the mandate of peacekeeping missions, cannot be separate from measures to combat organized and transnational crime and the relationship between the illegal exploitation of natural resources and illegal trade in small arms.”

Disarmament: “These challenges add to the list of others to which our organization must also devote great attention, especially the lack of decisions on disarmament, the persistence of armed conflicts and the consequences of these conflicts in the lives of people.”

Antigua and Barbuda
H.E. The Honourable Winston Baldwin Spencer, Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs
25 September 2009

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “Mr. President, transnational crime has burdened our societies with social and financial costs that we cannot afford to bear. Crime prevention and small arms control is a priority for my government. Our geography has placed us at a major trans-shipment point for transnational organized crime networks, trafficking in arms and narcotics.

“In recent years the level of gun violence and gun related crimes has escalated significantly, placing further pressure on an already fragile economy. This has led to insecurity, fear and loss of life in our societies, hampering our development efforts and threatening the general peace and stability of the region. We need greater cooperation from countries as well as the support of the UN system to eliminate this threat to hemispheric and international peace and security.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “Antigua and Barbuda is in full support of a legally binding Arms Trade Treaty that will prevent the illegal international transfer of arms and which will govern the trade in conventional arms according to common international standards.”

Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation: “Mr. President, as a peace-loving nation Antigua and Barbuda is also concerned by the lack of progress in the field of disarmament and nonproliferation. We remain steadfast in our commitment to a world free of nuclear weapons.”

WMD: “The threat posed by non-state actors acquiring weapons of mass destruction is shared by all countries/ large and small. For this reason we support the extension of the mandate of Security Council resolution 1540. Pursuant to our obligations under this resolution, we are pleased to have submitted the relevant reports to the respective Security Council Committees.”

Nuclear Waste: “Mr. President, the transhipment of nuclear waste through the waters of the Caribbean also remains a critical issue. The risk of an accident or a terrorist attack on one of these shipments poses a grave threat to the environmental and economic sustainability of the region. Heads of Government of CARICOM and of the wider Association of Caribbean States (ACS) have consistently called for a total cessation of these shipments in our waters, and we reiterate our strenuous and forceful rejection of the continued use of the Caribbean Sea for the transhipment of nuclear and other hazardous waste material.”

Argentina
H.E. Mrs. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, President
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Multilateralism would also mean understanding that we have to set common and general rules in this global world that must be accepted by all countries.”

“Defining multilateralism is going to require on the part of all of us, actions and concrete rules so that all of us will have the same parameters when it comes time to judge conduct, attitudes, as well as international situations.”

“... clear need to look at multilateralism not only as a type of rhetorical statement which is repeated every year in for a such as this or in multilateral for a, but rather it should lead to effective results, because otherwise it is going to be increasingly complicated. As we can see, we have more and more problems that are unresolved because in a final analysis, multilateralism that we have been proclaiming will inevitably since 2003 has not been practiced.”

“Quite sincerely, we are convinced that we need to build a new type of multilateralism, where we are all on a equal footing, where the manual of the course to follow and the obligations and rights should be the same for poor countries and rich countries. And the rights and responsibilities of developing nations should also be the same. Therefore we concede of this need for equal rules of the game for the whole game as one of the basic conditions for needing to succeed in building multilateralism. If we don’t achieve this, we will continue with this rhetorical exercise year after year perhaps without achieving the results that are no longer a right but an obligation for all of us who make up this body. ... Democracy, human rights, similar rules for all countries of the world, these are three keys in order to build a new multilateralism. These three requirements must be equal for all of us.”

Armenia
H.E. Mr. Edward Nalbandian, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Disarmament / non-proliferation / security / militarism: "We consider the goals of disarmament and non-proliferation major elements of global and regional security systems. We must shoulder the responsibility and work not only towards non-proliferation and elimination of nuclear weapons but also towards elimination of militaristic aspirations of some states. It is totally unacceptable when the threats to resolve the conflicts through military means are made on the highest level, and those are left unabated by the international community."

Australia
H.E. Mr. Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister
23 September 2009

Nuclear Weapons: “This organisation was born in the shadow of nuclear weapons and that shadow remains today.”

Non-proliferation: “One truth remains absolutely clear: the proliferation of nuclear weapons can never make any country more secure.”

North Korea’s nuclear programme, Nuclear Disarmament: “The nuclear test by North Korea this year was rightly condemned across the international community. It reiterates that the only path to safety is through the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons.”

Nuclear Disarmament: “Australia is encouraged by the commitment of the US and Russia to further reduce their nuclear arsenals.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-proliferation: “But the international community must also progress the broader disarmament and non-proliferation agenda.

“The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty has played a crucial role in limiting the spread of nuclear weapons - but the Treaty today is under challenge. We must work to ensure the Treaty’s global security benefits are reinforced by a successful Review Conference in 2010.

“To reinvigorate global consensus and activism ahead of that Conference and beyond, Australia and Japan last year established the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament.

“In the next few months, the Commission will produce its final report.

“Its aim is to chart a practical and realistic course to achieve a strengthened nonproliferation and disarmament regime, leading to the ultimate elimination of nuclear arsenals.

“Tomorrow’s Security Council summit on non-proliferation and disarmament is important for us all. We must not lose the opportunity it offers to summon the political resolve to move towards a nuclear weapons-free world.”

Austria
H.E. Mr. Michael Spindelegger, Federal Minister for European and International Affairs
26 September 2009

Nuclear Weapons, Multilateralism: “This has been a truly remarkable week. The leadership shown by the Secretary General on climate change, the new policies of President Obama, which he so eloquently set out before us, the constructive responses to these initiatives from many parts of the world and the historic meeting of the UN Security Council which committed itself to a world without nuclear weapons. We all have witnessed something new and different: a genuine opportunity for a real renaissance of multilateralism. There is a real chance to turn the United Nations once again into what was originally envisaged in the Charter: not just a forum of discussion but a place for action, the central focal point of the efforts of the international community to find common solutions to common challenges.”

Peace and Security: “Peace, security and stability are preconditions for sustainable development.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-proliferation: “The Security Council summit on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament earlier this week issued a strong call for a world free of nuclear weapons. For this vision to become reality, we need progress on several fronts.”

Nuclear Testing: “1. Austria, as chairman of the CTBT Conference together with Costa Rica in the last two years, is proud to have contributed to bringing the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty closer to entry into force.”

Fissile Materials: “2. As current chair of the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, Austria works hard to translate the recent positive momentum into substantial progress especially on a verifiable Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty.”

NPT: “3. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty must be reinforced. The Review Conference next year will have to agree on a package of measures and procedures that address the key issues but most of all it will need to build trust and confidence.”

Landmines: “1. First, I appeal to all States to make the Mine Ban Conference in Colombia in December a success and in particular to ensure improved victims' assistance.”

Cluster Munitions: “2. Second, I welcome the growing support for the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Austria ratified the Convention in April this year. We appeal to all states to sign and ratify as soon as possible.”

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “3. Third, we have to counter the illegal proliferation of small arms and light weapons.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “An Arms Trade Treaty would be an important step in this regard. To contribute to speedy negotiations, Austria will host an international conference in Vienna in February next year.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “With regard to the Iranian nuclear programme it is indispensable that Iran fully complies with all relevant Security Council resolutions and closely cooperates with the IAEA. The most recent announcement by the government of Iran concerning an additional enrichment facility is discouraging and further increases our concern. As an important regional actor Iran has the responsibility to contribute to peace and security in the area. The time has now come for Iran to finally enter into a constructive dialogue with the international community. Iran should therefore grasp the extended hand of its international partners and engage in genuine and serious negotiations. The debates during this week have clearly shown that the world will not accept an Iran armed with nuclear weapons.”

Peace: “International cooperation and dialogue are the basis for sustainable peace and development.”

Azerbaijan
H.E. Mr. Elmar Maharram oglu Mammadyarov, Minister for Foreign Affairs
25 September 2009

Multilateralism: “The multilateral system with the United Nations at its heart undergoes serious changes that test its strength, viability and credibility. This requires more dedicated efforts aimed at strengthening the United Nations and promoting the effectiveness of the Organization through the implementation of its decisions and resolutions.”

Peace and Security: “The security of each State, and more broadly, the international peace and security will depend on whether States follow the norms and principles of international law and use them as a guiding tool for shaping their foreign and security policies. Following common set of norms and rules on the international arena contributes to the transparency and predictability of State behaviour and hence consolidates international peace and security.”

Militarism: “Armed conflicts, military aggression and foreign occupation involving the most serious international crimes are only a few vivid examples from our recent history of the bitter consequences of noncompliance by individual States with the norms and principles of international law.”

Bahamas
H.E. Theodore Brent Symonette, MP, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs
25 September 2009

Small Arms and Light Weapons: "An increased level of criminal activity is creating new challenges for the Bahamas, a phenomenon shared with other countries in our region [...] Illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and small arms and light weapons, are major contributing factors to this phenomenon. The Bahamas is not a producer of illicit drugs. Neither The Bahamas nor the other member States of CARICOM are manufacturers or suppliers of small arms and light weapons. Yet, illicit drugs and light weapons account overwhelmingly to violent crime in our societies."

Bahrain
H.E. Mr. Shaikh Khalid Bin Ahmed Bin Mohamed Alkhalifa, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Security, Multilateralism: “It is clear that world security cannot be achieved through the sole effort of superpowers.”

Nuclear Proliferation and Iran's Nuclear Programme: “Among the other challenges facing our region and causing concern to all of us is the question of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East and the Gulf region. The Iranian nuclear programme is undoubtedly among the causes for this common concern. Nevertheless, addressing it should be undertaken in such a manner as to spare our region the threat of confrontation. This could best be achieved by giving precedence to diplomacy.”

Nuclear Weapon Free Zones, IAEA Safeguards, Nuclear Energy: “It is in this spirit that the Kingdom of Bahrain, and in pursuant to the Security Council resolution 1887 (2009), reiterates its appeal to the international community to seriously endeavour to make the Middle East, including the Gulf region, a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, thus ensuring the security and wellbeing of the nations of the region and the world at large and call upon Israel to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons with a view to enhancing its universality. All nuclear institutions and activities in Middle Eastern states should be placed under the IAEA safeguards system, without prejudice to the legitimate right of states to possess nuclear technology for peaceful uses in the various areas where it has become vital for development and the diversification of energy sources, in conformity with the relevant international agreements.”

Bangladesh
H.E. The Honourable Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Barbados
H.E. The Honourable Maxine Pamela Ometa McClean, Senator Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
28 September 2009

Peace and Security: “Despite our various agendas and differing priorities, we do share an ultimate common goal: to achieve peace, security and development for all the peoples of the world. Until this becomes a reality, no country is truly secure.”

Belarus
H.E. Mr. Sergei Martynov, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “To lead the international community out of a train of multiple crises, to overcome multidimensional new threats we need a tool of a policy of partnership.

“Modern international relations are evermore being built along the pattern of horizontal networks. These networks involve all interested and constructive stakeholders in today’s world - states, big and small, international organisations, civil society, private sector. Partnerships are a mechanism of engagement which, in the opinion of Belarus, does not have a sensible alternative in conditions of a pluralistic and contradictory world. A special political factor that raises hope that this approach is realistic is an emerging meeting of minds - of various forces all over the world that have come to sense in partnerships a link, grabbing which one can pull out the whole chain.”

Belgium
H.E. Mr. Yves Leterme, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Security, climate change, impacts of globalization constitute some of the challenges the world in facing today. This is why a global response, with a central role for the United Nations, is needed. However, this role needs to be earned by the UN.... It is in this spirit that I would like to call for a new multilateral commitment. The reform of our international institutions is crucial to enhance their legitimacy, representativeness and capacity for action.”

“In addition to the fragmentation of the UN system, two other trends stress the need for an enhanced multilateral commitment.

“The first is the multitude of regional and sub-regional organizations, almost everywhere in the world. Although this enhances multilateral cooperation, it sometimes leads to a lack of harmonization between the regional and global institutions. A better cooperation has to be sought so as to guarantee the best possible use of the limited resources of all.

“The second trend may be summed up by the words ‘incomplete multilateralism’. Countries get together on an informal basis to discuss international issues, such as the economic-financial crisis. These informal groups may initially speed up the decision-making process within the international multilateral organizations but they cannot replace those organizations.

“Rather than being exclusive, multilateralism should be inclusive and transparent.”

Peace and Security: “... without peace, without security there is no development, let alone sustainable development. Without peace, without security, there can be no fair distribution of the wealth of our Earth.”

Multilateralism: “To function efficiently, our multilateral institutions need leaders and representatives of States who share basic approaches established on the unique dignity of each human being.”

Disarmament, Non-Proliferation, WMD: “Wars are caused by men, not by weapons. Nonetheless, the arms control issue has to be high on the international agenda. Belgium welcomes the meeting of the Security Council at the highest level on the subject of non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament. This meeting was undoubtedly one of the highlights of this week. The resolution adopted yesterday represents a milestone for a world free of weapons of mass destruction.”

Iran and North Korea’s nuclear programmes: “Unfortunately, the latest news coming from Iran is not headed in this direction. My country urgently calls on Iran and North Korea to cooperate with the international community on this issue and to implement the Security Council resolutions on this matter. Otherwise, they will place themselves in ban of the international community.”

Landmines: “At the same time, in our efforts for non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction we should not forget the weapons that currently cause death on a massive scale. I am particularly referring to the anti-personnel mines. Belgium is hoping that the 1999 Convention on the prohibition of these weapons will be strengthened during the review conference scheduled to take place in Cartagena, Colombia, at the end of this year.”

Cluster Munitions: “Belgium also spared no efforts to push for the conclusion of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.”

Security: “In the words of the former Secretary-General Kofi Annan : There is no development without security, no security without development and both depend on respect for human rights and the rule of law.”

Multilateralism: “Peace and security, sustainable development, a fair distribution of the wealth of the Earth— these are the challenges we face, challenges which are global in scope. To meet those challenges, we need solid international institutions. But multilateralism of the institutions is not enough. We also need a multilateralism of the minds, And men [sic] with convictions able to carry it.”

Belize
H.E. The Honourable Wilfred Elrington, Attorney General, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
28 September 2009

Multilateralism: “The club model of multilateral cooperation suffers from a crisis of legitimacy [...] Given the far reaching geopolitical consequences that the global economic crisis has touched off, we have an opportunity to redress the shortcomings of the exclusive club model and to restore trust and confidence in our multilateral relations. The time for inclusive multilateralism is now.”

“For us the model of multilateral cooperation must be imbued with legitimacy and for that we must work for a more inclusive process. The twenty first century challenges instruct a new dynamic for international relations, one that must be inclusive and dare I say democratic.”

Benin
H.E. Jean-Marie Ehouzou, Minister for Foreign Affairs
25 September 2009

Peace: “We must find the means to promote peace through development and for development.”

Nonproliferation and Weapons of Mass Destruction: “We need a United Nations capable of rising to the challenges of [...] disarmament and the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction.”

Bhutan
H.E. Mr. Lyonpo Ugyen Tshering, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
H.E. Mr. Evo Morales Ayma, President
23 September 2009

Peace, Militarism: “We are seeking peace. In our light of our experience, there cannot be social peace when there is economic injustice and inequality. And all the more so when there are military bases in a number of countries. They may be located in many countries but also in Latin America and South America. How can we hold these discussions when United States’ military bases provoke distrust among peoples? Let me briefly tell you that I was a victim of the military bases operating in my country before I assumed the office of President, before the social movements opposed policies and became protagonists in a new country, on equal footing and with social justice. All of us were victims of the presence of the United States in Bolivia. And as victims, we know, we know what uniformed personnel of the United States can do in one single country in South America. And for that single reason, I would like to say to you, that when there is a military base, a United States military base, in particular in Latin America, I do not know how their conduct is in Europe or on other continents, but in Latin America, when there are military bases, well that cannot guarantee social peace, nor can it guarantee democracy and certainly it cannot guarantee the integration of our countries or of the peoples who are seeking to bring about deep changes in our social and economic and cultural structures. Here we have before us Honduras. There’s a military base, a United States military base in Honduras. That military base cannot guarantee democracy because their presence change these countries, they are constantly threatened by these military bases.”

Botswana
H.E. Mr. C.T. Ntwaagae, Ambassador, Permanent Representative to the UN
29 September 2009

Peace, Security, Nuclear Weapons: “The challenges confronting humanity have since grown tenfold, both in scope and magnitude. The sheer enormity of these fast evolving challenges threatens the very existence of the human race and the security of our planet. These [include] increasing threats to international peace and security with growing desire to possess nuclear weapons capability, including unilateral testing.”

Multilateralism: “Mr. President, in conclusion, I wish to reiterate that, the daunting challenges facing our world today as stated previously cannot and should not be tackled by any one country or group of countries alone. It calls for a strong multilateral approach which needs commitment and an unyielding support from the international community as a whole.”

Bosnia and Herzegovina
H.E. Mr. Željko Komšic, Chairman of the Presidency
24 September 2009

Peace and Security: “Foreign policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina is directed to preservation and improvement of long lasting peace, security and stability of democratic and comprehensive social development and contribution to international peace and stability.”

Brazil
H.E. Mr. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “We are moving towards a multilateral world. However it is also a multipolar world [...] The multipolar world will not conflict with the United Nations. On the contrary, it could be invigorating for the United Nations.”

“The issues at the core of our concerns [...] have a strong common denominator. It is the need to build a new international order that is sustainable, multilateral and less asymmetric, free of hegemonies and ruled by democratic institutions.”

Disarmament and Non-proliferation: “For a UN that can make real progress towards disarmament, in true balance and with non-proliferation.”

Brunei Darussalam
His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Bulgaria
H.E. Mrs. Rumiana Jeleva, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “As an EU member, Bulgaria is dedicated to the spirit of multilateralism and thus fully supports the efforts to strengthen the United Nation’s capacity to deliver effective international responses to global challenges.”

“In the globalised world of the 21st century my country strongly reiterates its continued and full commitment to the principle of effective multilateralism, based on international law, the UN Charter and the system of the United Nations which place the human being, his [sic] security, rights and dignity at the very centre of international politics.”

Security, Multilateralism: “We believe in a ‘bottom-up’ approach to global security where different forms of regional, subregional and transborder cooperation serve as building blocks for a comprehensive collective security system. We are convinced that effective multilateralism should be built on a robust partnership between the UN and regional organisations.”

Disarmament, Non-proliferation, WMD: “We are convinced of the need to step up efforts aimed at achieving progress in the areas of international disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. In this regard, the need for a full and universal implementation of the Nonproliferation Treaty regime remains of utmost importance and my country is dedicated to the successful outcome of the 2010 Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference.”

Small arms and light weapons, Conventional Weapons: “Bulgaria supports the implementation of the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons and appreciates the work done so far regarding the Protocols of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “We reiterate our strong commitment for a legally binding international Arms Trade Treaty.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “We are deeply concerned by the recent turn of events regarding the nuclear dossier of Iran, and in this respect we strongly appeal to the Iranian authorities to comply with UN Security Council Resolutions and to pursue its full cooperation with the IAEA. Bulgaria hopes that the forthcoming negotiations between Iran and the P5+1, scheduled for the beginning of October, will make it possible to renew the discussion on the Iranian Nuclear Programme and will pave the way for a comprehensive solution before December this year.”

Peace: “Bulgaria sees the UN as a symbol for peace and cooperation. However, maintaining peace requires that peace is firmly anchored and sustainable.”

“We firmly believe that there cannot be sustainable peace without effective justice.”

Burkina Faso
H.E. Mr. Blaise Compaoré, President
25 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-Proliferation, and Nuclear Energy: “For some years now the question of proliferation of nuclear weapons which constitutes a tremendous threat and divides the international community, I would like to thank and encourage President Obama for organizing and directing so successfully the security council summit on nuclear disarmament and nuclear nonproliferation. The commitments entered into to achieve a de-nuclearized world which is more ambitious in using nuclear power for civil purposes and more vigilant in regard to illicit trafficking nuclear materials.”

Burundi
H.E. Mr. Gabriel Ntisezerana, Second Vice-President
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: "We cannot conclude our statement without reconfirming the commitment of our country to multilateralism, which is the only response to any threat to peace and security in the world."

Cambodia
H.E. Mr. Hor Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
26 September 2009

Peace and Security: "In my view, the reform of the United Nations should be in the interest of peace, security and development of the international community, and not just for a particular interest of a country."

North Korea's nuclear programme: "On the Korean Peninsula issue, we all are concerned with the rising tension in this part of the world, which can affect peace and security in the region. Cambodia urges all parties concerned to exercise utmost restraint and re-engage peaceful negotiations in the Six- Party Talks aimed at early denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. I think we should call upon the Democratic People Republic of Korea (DPRK) to keep in mind that the Six-Party Talks remain an appropriate forum to contribute to the settlement of the overall problem in the Korean Peninsula."

Nuclear Weapons / Non-proliferation / Disarmament / WMD: "In parallel to all these most serious global challenges the world is facing with, there are still the political and security problems of great concern. ... On the other hand, there are countries that have the capacity to produce nuclear weapons which have not yet signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The dissemination of WMD constitutes another massive deadly menace to humanity. In this context, Cambodia highly values the call by US President Obama on September 23rd "... to stop the spread of nuclear weapons and seek the goal of a world without them." Cambodia also warmly welcomes the appeal by the UNSC Resolution 1887, adopted by UN Security Council Summit on September 24th, to secure a safer world for all."

Nuclear Weapon Free Zones: "In the ASEAN framework in Southeast Asia, we have the Treaty of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (SEANWFZ) which is an important instrument to keep Southeast Asia free of nuclear weapons to ensure peace and security in this part of the world. It is also a good confidence-building mechanism which needs to be adhered to by all, especially the nuclear weapon states. In recent years, ASEAN has actively encouraged the Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) to accede to SEANWFZ, but no concrete result or effect has been achieved yet. Here also, we would appeal to all Nuclear States to engage more constructively with the SEANWFZ Treaty."

Cameroon
H.E. Paul Biya, President
24 September 2009

Peace and Security: “Regarding world peace and security, we continue to deplore the persistence of numerous conflicts or hotbeds of tension, despite significant progress made towards a return to calm.”

Canada
H.E. The Honourable Lawrence Cannon, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “... there is no more appropriate forum than this one for me, as Foreign Minister of Canada, to reaffirm my country’s commitment to collective action, to working in concert with all nations to pursue shared objectives and confront common challenges.”

Non-proliferation: “We are all acutely conscious that a global challenge that touches us all is the threat of nuclear proliferation.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Canada was deeply troubled by the recent revelation that Iran has been building a covert uranium enrichment facility for several years. We condemn Iran’s continued refusal to respect UN Security council resolutions and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) requirements. We call on Iran to allow the IAEA immediate and unfettered access to all sites, including this facility, and we expect a full investigation.

“We hope that talks between the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany and Iran on October 1st will address the continued dishonesty surrounding Iran’s nuclear program. Our Prime Minister has been clear with President Obama, with Prime Minister Brown, with President Sarkozy, and with our other allies - Canada will be supportive of actions necessary to deal with what is clearly a threat to international peace and security.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-proliferation, Nuclear Terrorism: “Canada therefore praised President Obama for convening the UN Security Council Summit on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament. We commit to work with other states to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and new terror threats. For a diplomatic solution to work, there must be the political will to ensure that states comply with the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons.”

Cape Verde
H.E. Mr. Antonio Pedro Monteiro Lima, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2009

Peace and Security: “Mr. President, peace, security, and development, as we all know, are public assets that are essential to the progress of humanity. However, they have never been as threatened as they are today.”

Multilateralism: “Mr. President, in this context in which states and democratic processes are threatened by exogenous elements, multilateralism seems to be an indispensable backing and an essential resource. We allow no doubt that this confluence of wills and means among countries most diverse in the most spread out regions in the bosom of the international community constitutes the right path that is not only imbued in the principles and values of the U.N., as well as to enforce international law which is indispensable for the consolidation of peace and security in the world.”

Central African Republic
H.E. Mr. Faustin Archange Touadera, Prime Minister
25 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Changes that have occurred in the situation of the world as a whole has engendered new challenges that can only be addressed through international cooperation. Thus, multilateralism emerges as the only means to solve the problems of the world.”

Disarmament, Non-proliferation, Military Spending, Militarism: “In view of the proliferation of arms of all kinds, the issue of armament stands in stark relief. The United Nations Disarmament Commission must promote resolutions that encourage multilateralism in the area of disarmament and nonproliferation. The reduction of military budgets and respect for environmental standards in the elaboration and implementations of disarmament agreements. An effort is also needed to overcome the current impasse and to achieve nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation in all their forms. The stretchy concept of nuclear states that justifies the use of, or the threat of the use of, nuclear weapons is as much of a danger as uranium enrichment for weapons purposes and should be abandoned; pure and simple. However, national security’s concepts built around the promotion and development of military alliances and nuclear deterrence policies would appear better adopted to the ideals that we pursue.”

Disarmament: “The Central African Republic welcomes the initiative of President Obama in convening a meeting of the Security Council devoted to nonproliferation and nuclear disarmament.”

Conventional Weapons, Peace, Security: “The issue of regional control over conventional weapons is all the more apposite for the fact that it is the most effective way of stemming the proliferation of illegally armed groups and tackling cross boarding crime. Central Africa’s peace and security are hampered by this recurrent problem.”

Chad
H.E. Mr. Moussa Faki Mahamat, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Chile
H.E. Mrs. Michelle Bachelet Jeria, President
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “And we must return multilateral dialogue to the centre of international policy, abandoning unilateralism.”

Militarism and peace: “Military or economic might cannot be the norm in international relations, Institutions and the rule of law must prevail, since this is the only way to ensure peace and development.”

China
H.E. Mr. Hu Jintao, President
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “As the world moves further toward multi-polarity and economic globalization, multilateralism and democracy in international relations have won greater popular support, while opening up and cooperation for mutual benefit and win-win progress have become the shared aspirations of the international community.”

Weapons of mass destruction: “Non-traditional security threats, including terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, transnational organized crime and major communicable diseases, are menacing our world.”

Security: “First, we should view security in a broader perspective and safeguard world peace and stability. The security of all countries has never been as closely interconnected as it is today, and security now covers more areas than ever before. Traditional and non-traditional security threats are intertwined, involving political, military, economic, cultural and other fields. They are our common challenges that require a joint and comprehensive response. Security is not a zero-sum game, and there is no isolated or absolute security. No country can be safe and stable in the absence of world and regional peace and stability.

“We should embrace a new security thinking of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and coordination. While maintaining one's own national security, we should also respect the security concerns of other countries and advance the common security of mankind. We should adhere to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and seek peaceful solutions to regional hotspot issues and international disputes. There should be no willful use or threat of force. We should support the United Nations in continuing to play an important role in the field of international security. We should follow the spirit of equality, mutual benefit and cooperation to preserve global economic and financial stability. And we should oppose terrorism, separatism and extremism in all manifestations and deepen international security cooperation.”

Nuclear Disarmament and Nuclear Energy: “China has consistently stood for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons and a world without nuclear weapons. We call on the international community to take credible steps to push forward the nuclear disarmament process, eradicate the risks of nuclear weapons proliferation and promote peaceful use of nuclear energy and related international cooperation.”

Colombia
H.E. Mr. Álvaro Uribe Vélez, President
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Terrorism cannot be ignored in the name of good international relations. On the contrary, multilateralism and diplomacy must lead to collaborative actions among States to overcome this drama and its accomplices.”

“We reiterate our commitment to multilateralism, in all its legitimate expressions, from the organizations of neighboring countries to the most global, but believe that multilateralism has to demonstrate effectiveness in defeating international crime.”

Militarism, Arms Race: “Our objective is recovering domestic security, never participating in the arms race for the bloody game of international war. Our tradition is one of respect for the global community. We are concerned that instead of advancing towards greater cooperation for the security, peace and tranquility of the citizens of each country, an arms race is accelerated under the argument by some on the need to modernize military equipment while others confess their disposition for war.”

Comoros
H.E. Mr. Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President
24 September 2009

No relevant references.

Congo
H.E. Mr. Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President  
25 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation: “We welcome the unanimous adoption on 24 September 2009, by the historic summit of the Security Coucil the unanimous adoption of Security Council Resolution 1887 which reflects the determination of the international community to work toward disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation for a safer world.”

Nuclear Energy: “In light of these many challenges, we call for strict compliance with the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and all of its chapters, including the right of all countries to develop nuclear technology for civilian purposes.”

Costa Rica
H.E. Mr. Óscar Arias Sánchez, President
24 September 2009

Military Spending, Militarism, Arms Trade Treaty: “Since the last time I spoke before you ... The Armies of our region received nearly 60 billion dollars to combat imaginary enemies, while our peoples struggled against the economic crisis with empty hands.”

“This scenario is not a hopeful one.... We have not driven out of our reality the shadow of militarism and oppression.”

“Our success our failure will depend on whether we have the strength to take on, at least, three fundamental challenges: ...[including] the impulse for human development of our peoples, through the reduction of military spending and of arms trafficking across borders.”

“This challenge [of development] becomes even more urgent because of the threat of an arms race that, each year, moves 1.3 trillion dollars internationally. The combination of strong armies with weak democracies has proved to be harmful in every corner of the planet, and above all in Latin America, which during the second half of the 20th century was a showcase of dictatorial horrors, fed by the existence of an omnipresent military apparatus. I will never tire of repeating it: in Latin America, and in a substantial portion of the developing world, armies have not served any purpose than to carry out a coup d’etat. They have not protected their peoples; they have oppressed them. They have not safeguarded liberties; they have overrun them. They have not guaranteed respect for popular will; they have mocked it.

“What is the threat for our nations? What is the great enemy of Latin America, that leads it to spend 165 million dollars a day on weapons and soldiers? I assure you that these threats are far less significant than the threat posed by, for example, the mosquito that carries malaria. They are less than the threat posed by drug cartels and street gangs, that sustain themselves thanks to an unrestricted market of small arms and light weapons.

“This is a matter of putting our priorities in order. Costa Rica was the first country to abolish its army and declare peace on the world. Thanks to that visionary decision, thanks to the liberating army of Commander Jose Figueres, who renounced arms forever, we have the opportunity today to invest our resources in the things that matter. And while we know that not all nations are ready to take such a radical step, we do believe that the gradual and progressive reduction of military spending is not only a good strategy for allocating resources, but also a moral imperative for developing nations.

“For that reason I ask you, once more, to make the Costa Rica Consensus a reality. This initiative would create mechanisms to forgive external debt, and support with international financial resources, developing countries—poor, or middle-income—that invest more in environmental protections, education, health, housing, and sustainable development for their peoples, and less in arms and soldiers.”

“And I ask you as well to approve the Arms Trade Treaty, which is known to this organization, and which seeks to prohibit the transfer of arms to States, groups or individuals, when sufficient reason exists to believe that those weapons will be used to weaken human rights or International Law. I assure you that these two initiatives will make us safer, and certainly more developed, than the costly machinery of death that currently consumes our budgets.

“What’s more, spending on arms deprives us not only of economic resources. It deprives us, more than anything else, of human resources. The greatest arsenal of genius in the world is, at this moment, working on perfecting the weaponry and defense systems of nations. That is not its place. Its place is in the laboratories where medicines are being created that are accessible for all humankind. Its place is in the classrooms where the leaders of tomorrow are being formed. Its place is in the Governments that need guidance to protect their harvests, their cities and their populations, from the effects of global warming.

“We have included sustainable development in the Costa Rica Consensus, because we believe there is a relation between arms and the protection of the environment; first of all, because arms and wars generate more environmental devastation and more pollution than any productive activity; and secondly, because the mere existence of military spending constitutes, in and of itself, the negation of resources to combat global warming. Every armored helicopter, every war tank, every nuclear submarine, represents, in practice, forests that are not protected, technologies that are not becoming less expensive, and adaptations that are not taking place.”

Cote d’Ivoire
H.E. Mr. Laurent Gbagbo, President
25 September 2009

No relevant references.

Croatia
H.E. Mr. Stjepan Mesic, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: “It is up to us to dispel prejudices – more resolutely than ever before – to stand up to discrimination on whatever grounds, to say no to intolerance and to promote not only the idea but also the practice of multilateralism and dialogue among civilisations.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Disarmament and Development: “Finally, a world of that will be characterized by international peace, security and development is not only possible without disarmament and in particular without renouncing nuclear weapons [...] I would like to add the notorious fact that the problems of development would become minor if the huge funds currently allocated for armament were channelled into development.”

Cuba
H.E. Mr. Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Cyprus
H.E. Mr. Demetris Christofias, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Since its independence the Republic of Cyprus has been committed to multilateral diplomacy and strengthening of the role of the United Nations.”

Proliferation, WMD: “The world today faces multiple challenges and threats: climate change, depletion of resources, human rights abuses, failure to protect vulnerable populations, increased regional and interstate conflict, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, pandemics.”

Czech Republic
H.E. Mr. Václav Klaus, President
23 September 2009

No relevant references.

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
H.E. Pak Ui Chun, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Nuclear Weapons, War, Peace: “The Korean peninsula remains as ever in a state of armistice. But now that we possess a dependable nuclear deterrent, we can possibly prevent war and defend peace.

“For over half a century our country was compelled to produce bullets first rather than sweets while suffering from nuclear threats and danger of war posed by hostile forces, but today we have settled down to channel our main efforts into the building of a great, prosperous and powerful nation.”

North Korea’s nuclear programme: “We have never denied the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula and the rest of the world.

“The denuclearization is the behest of President KIM IL SUNG and nuclear-free world is a long cherished-desire of humankind.”

“The DPRK has done everything it could to realize the peaceful reunification of the country, remove nuclear threats and source of war and secure peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.

“We initiated the denuclearization of Northeast Asia and the Korean peninsula and advanced the proposal on replacing the Armistice Agreement with a peace agreement and the proposal of adopting the DPRK-US non-aggression treaty.

“However, our effort has not received due response from the United States (US). The US considers the Korean issue only in the light of its Asian strategy and dose not want to see the entire Korean peninsula denuclearized. Thus, it resulted in increased nuclear threats against the DPRK.

“The arbitrariness of the US finds its expression in arguing that the DPRK must not launch even a peaceful satellite. The UNSC is being abused by this arbitrariness.

“We came to the conclusion that so long as the US dose not change its nuclear policy as at present time, we have no other option but to rely on our dependable nuclear possession to ensure nuclear balance of the region, if we are to preserve peace and stability in Northeast Asia.

“The denuclearization of the Korean peninsula depends on whether or not the US changes its nuclear policy towards Korea. In order to realize the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, the US administration must discard old concept of confrontation and show the ‘change’ in practice, as it recently stated on several occasions.

“Mr. President, We do not pursue nuclear arms race.

“The mission of our nuclear weapon is to deter a war. We will only possess nuclear deterrent to such an extent as to deter military attack and its threat against our country.

“The deterrence will be directly proportional to the threat on the Korean Peninsula, as in Europe and elsewhere.

“The DPRK, while in possession of nuclear weapons, will act in a responsible manner in management, use and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons as well as in nuclear disarmament.

“We share the position of all peace-loving countries including the nonaligned countries in opposing nuclear war, nuclear arms race and proliferation of nuclear weapons.

“‘Sanctions’ are now imposed on us in the name of United Nations (UN) on the grounds that we possessed nuclear deterrent.

“It may be recalled that the UN was born in the country which produced the first nuclear weapon and all five permanent member states of the UNSC are nuclear powers.

“Had these countries shown sincerity in nuclear disarmament long time ago and refrained from arbitrary act of selectively taking an issue with the peaceful satellite launch of other country, the nuclear-related situation of the world may have evolved differently.

“The DPRK attaches importance to sovereignty and equality enshrined in the UN Charter.

“The principle of sovereignty and equality is also the reason that we joined UN as a member. Unfair and unequal sanctions will never be recognized nor accepted.

“It is the stand of the DPRK government to react to the dialogue with a dialogue and respond to the ‘sanctions’ by strengthening nuclear deterrence. If the US comes to dialogue with ‘sanctions’, we will also participate in the dialogue with bolstered nuclear deterrence.”

Democratic Republic of the Congo
H.E. Alexis Thambwe Nwamba, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Denmark
H.E. Mr. Carsten Staur, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2009

Multilateralism: “At this moment in time major economic and environmental challenges give rise to increasing global concerns and impact people all over this planet. To effectively meet these challenges, we need more than ever a dynamic and proactive multilateral system. We need the United Nations to provide global answers to global challenges.”

“Multilateral cooperation is the best means of maintaining international peace and security and responding to the challenges, risks and opportunities in an interdependent and globalised world. This organisation holds great legitimacy and moral force, and we encourage the United Nations — member states as well as the entire organizational system — to seize the moment and take the lead in addressing the new global challenges.”

Non-proliferation, WMD, delivery systems, nuclear disarmament, nuclear testing: “Amongst the most serious present danger to peace and security is the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. The upcoming NPT Review Conference is of utmost importance. Last week’s meeting in the Security Council headed by President Obama is ample evidence. We welcome the negotiations between the US and Russia on post-START reductions and President Obama's commitment to CTBT ratification, both of which will have a positive impact on the NPT Review Conference.”

Iran and North Korea’s nuclear programmes: “Let me take the opportunity to call on Iran and DPRK to comply with their obligations to suspend enrichment activities and start negotiations on a transparent civilian nuclear program, as set forth in Security Council resolutions.”

Djibouti
H.E. Mr. Roble Olhaye, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2009

No relevant references.

Dominica
H.E. Mr. Nicholas Joseph Orville Liverpool, President
25 September 2009

Multilateralism: “We gather every year in the General Debate in a true spirit of common resolve and partnership. This common resolve and partnership must assume greater meaning this year because the tasks before the international community are enormous and necessitate collective action.

“However challenging the efforts are towards their solution, it seems evident that only genuine global cooperation and concerted multilateral action have the possibility of yielding favourable results. But committed multilateral action in face of these crises has so far proved to be elusive. A greater demonstration of political will should ensure multilateral action in confronting these crises as this is an absolute necessity for the survival of this planet.”

Dominican Republic
H.E. Mr. Leonel Fernández Reyna, President
23 September 2009

No relevant references.

Ecuador
H.E. Mr. Fander Falconi, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Integration
28 September 2009

Multilateralism: "The overarching theme of this General Debate on strengthening multilateralism is the "raison d''etre" of the United Nations. This organization is meant to be the expression of horizontal, democratic and respectful relations between the countries of the world, under the strongest observance of the principle of equal sovereignty among the States. However, the current structure and functioning of this Organization has not been able to respond to the big challenges of the XXI century."

Militarism, Peace: "Ecuador, as a founder member of the United Nations, privileges the dialogue and the international cooperation in the solution of conflicts and considers that military actions cannot bring any kind of long lasting and sustainable peace in any zone in conflict of the world."

Egypt
H.E. Mr. Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “The list of global challenges we are facing, such as climate change, the food crisis, and the crisis the international peace is supplemented by, additional emerging global challenges that make it essential for us to increase our work in a coordinated and collective spirit.”

Disarmament, Non-Proliferation, Nuclear Weapon Free Zones: “In addressing security issues, I will begin with disarmament. Egypt attaches great importance to successful conclusion of the 2010 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), in the hope of putting nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation regime back on the right track. This will depend on dealing effectively with the decisions and the resolution of the 1995 and 2000 Review Conferences, especially the resolution on the Middle East. It is crucial that the international community as a whole supports the active dynamism currently witnessed on the international arena with regard to disarmament issues, especially in light of the development in the positions of main Nuclear Weapon States, foremost of which comes the United States. We hope that these evolving positions would serve as an opportune portal through which historic progress could be achieved in this regard.”

Israel’s nuclear programme, IAEA: “In the same context, it is necessary to effectively deal with the issues of regional stability and security, mainly through eliminating the inexplicable and unjustified latitude in dealing with the issue of Israeli nuclear capabilities and the persistent threat it poses to security and stability in the Middle East, particularly as, endeavors are intensified to expand the commitments of the non-nuclear States Party to NPT, without due regard to the need to achieve its universality and to subject all nuclear facilities in the Middle East to the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards. Egypt will continue its diligent work to address this situation, highlighting its risks, with the aim of changing it in all relevant international fora.”

El Salvador
H.E. Mr. Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena, President
23 September 2009

No relevant references.

Equatorial Guinea
H.E. Mr. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President
23 September 2009

No relevant references.

Eritrea
H.E. Mr. Osman Mohammed Saleh, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Estonia
H.E. Mr. Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President
25 September 2009

Security: “To uphold the core of the Charter, we must remain committed to providing the United Nations with sufficient resources to fulfill its unique role in contributing to international security.”

Ethiopia
H.E. Mr. Seyoum Mesfin, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Fiji
H.E. Commodore Josaia Bainimarama, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

Multilateralism, Peace, and Security: “The 64th Session of the General Assembly will be addressing important contemporary issues of interest to all member nations. These issues include seeking out effective responses to global crises, strengthening multilateralism and dialogue on international peace, security and development.”

Finland
H.E. Ms. Tarja Halonen, President
24 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament: “This morning, the Security Council had a debate on nuclear security issues. I am pleased that disarmament is strongly returning to the international agenda. I sincerely hope that this will lead to real progress.”

France
H.E. Mr. Nicolas Sarkozy, President
23 September 2009

Non-Proliferation: “We have waited too long to curb nuclear proliferation.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “And I would like to say to the Iranian leaders that they would be making a tragic mistake in relying on the passive response of the international community in order to pursue their military nuclear program.”

Gabon
H.E. Mr. Paul Toungui, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, la Francophonie and Regional Integration
25 September 2009

Multilateralism, Peace, and Security: “The interdependence of the crises that we have now highlights now more than ever the need to breathe new life into the efforts for international peace and security but also to conduct collective action on the global level.”

The Gambia
H.E. Mr. Al Hadji Yahya Jammeh, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: “The theme ‘Effective responses to global crises: strengthening multilaterialism and dialogue among civilizations for international peace, security and development’ adopted for this year’s Session, is indeed apt and relevant and demands that all nations big or small must adopt multilateralism and dialogue in fostering international partnership, and on all matters of common concern to global peace and development.

“The complexities of today’s world are such that no nation can successfully confront alone. Some issues cannot even be resolved by regional groupings acting independently. Much can be achieved only when we all collaborate and work together within the framework of multilateralism, based on mutual understanding and respect but above all sincerity, strong commitment, universal justice under the same rule of law and equity.”

Peace and Security: “There cannot be peace and security in the absence of justice for all. There cannot be justice in the face of abject poverty characterized by hunger and starvation, disease, and lack of basic social services as a result of exploitation. There cannot be justice if there is merciless exploitation, suppression and criminal invasions of sovereign states. There cannot be peace if there is no development as a result of marginalization, injustice and racism.”

“On international peace and security, my delegation again calls for more honest and stronger international cooperation and dialogue in addressing conflict prevention, peaceful resolution and respect of others cultural values, norms and ways of life.”

“As long as this status quo does not change, peace and security would continue to be an elusive dream as people; rich or poor, Muslim or non Muslim, black or Asian are bound to defend their human dignity at any price. My delegation therefore calls for a united front against this dictatorship of a few over the rest of humanity. And in the interest of our collective security, the United Nations should see to the total elimination of racism and hate in all its forms whatever it takes, so that we can bequeath to generations of humanity yet unborn, a very peaceful and prosperous world devoid of destitution, exploitation and marginalization.”

Georgia
H.E. Mikheil Saakashsvili, President
24 September 2009

No relevant references.

Germany
H.E. Mr. Thomas Matussek, Chairman of the Delegation
28 September 2009

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “Disarmament and arms control can help create better conditions for global cooperation and increase security and stability. We warmly welcome the new dynamic in the area of nuclear disarmament. We welcome the fact that the Security Council also dealt with the topic of non-proliferation and disarmament at the highest level on 24 September. The call for a nuclear weapons free world enjoys our and widespread support. We must seize this opportunity for progress in all areas of disarmament. Germany has underlined that substrategic nuclear weapons must also be incorporated in the continuing process of disarmament. Our clear commitment to ridding the world of all nuclear weapons is the best way to strengthen the international non-proliferation regime.”

Nuclear Testing, Fissile Materials, Non-proliferation: “We need a new international consensus at the 2010 NPT Review Conference, the start of FMCT negotiations in Geneva and the entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.”

Non-proliferation, Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Fuel Cycle: “In order to avoid a conflict of objectives between non-proliferation and peaceful uses, Germany supports multilateral solutions to nuclear fuel supply and has put forward its own proposal for this issue.”

WMD, Chemical Weapons: “The international community must not relent in its commitment to ban all weapons of mass destruction. A model in this respect is the chemical weapons convention which outlaws a whole category of weapons of mass destruction. Its implementing organisation needs strong and dynamic leadership. Germany has always felt a particular commitment to the chemical weapons convention and stands ready to accept greater responsibility in this organisation.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “We view the ongoing nuclear programme in Iran with great concern. The belated admittance by Iran concerning the construction of a second enrichment plant underlines that our concerns are more than justified. Even before this latest event, the report by IAEA Director-General El Baradei underlined the urgency of the matter. Unfortunately, the Iranian government still refuses to cooperate fully with the IAEA and to remove serious doubts concerning the peaceful character of its nuclear programme. We urge Iran to grant access to a verification team of the IAEA to the newly disclosed site without delay. We sincerely hope that Iran will use the opportunity of the upcoming talks between Iran and the E3 plus 3 to demonstrate its willingness for honest and speedy negotiations. If Iran’s leaders continue to stall, the international community will have no other choice but to take additional measures to underline the seriousness of our common concern.”

Multilateralism: “We are facing a multitude of global challenges. Today, no country is strong enough to tackle these challenges on its own. We need a universal forum for joint global action. That is why we need a strong United Nations that is capable of taking effective action.”

Ghana
H.E. Mr. John Evans Atta Mills, President
24 September 2009

Security and Peace: “The intricate link between security and development has been generally recognized by the international community. Despite the pivotal role played by the UN in identifying the threats confronting the world and marshalling international support for requisite measures to address these challenges, humanity's hope and aspiration for a peaceful and prosperous world, continue to be weaned by a litany of failures and unfulfilled promises.”

“Sustainable development can only be achieved in an international environment characterized by peace and security.”

Multilateralism: “Ghana, therefore, wishes to reiterate her commitment to the ideals of the United Nations and will continue to live up to its charter obligations and together with member states assist this organization in its task of maintaining global peace and security. Ghana believes that the United Nations remains the ideal multilateral instrument available for maintaining international peace and security and for promoting fruitful international cooperation. We must, therefore, strengthen our resolve and muster the necessary political will to allow the UN to function more effectively in redeeming the majority of' our people from wars, disease and poverty.”

Grenada
Hon. Peter David Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration
29 September 2009

Nuclear Weapons, Small Arms: “In our region, small arms proliferation is as lethal as nuclear weapons. So while we welcome the unanimously adopted Security Council Resolution No. 1887 on nuclear disarmament, shepherded by President Obama, we in the Caribbean call for an agreement on small arms trade.”

Nuclear Waste: “The states of the Caribbean Community and other members of the Association of Caribbean States, depend on the tremendous benefits from the pristine waters of the Caribbean Sea. Yet these ocean-based resources are threatened by the transshipment of nuclear and other hazardous waste materials through our waters.”

Peace, Security: “Grenada is proud to continue playing its role at the United Nations. We support the pursuit of international peace and security, the rule of law, the fight against terrorism, and for the eradication of poverty and the promotion of human rights.”

Multilateralism: “Grenada continues to value the role of the United Nations as the preeminent institution for effecting multilateral diplomacy. We support its ability to ensure international peace and stability, and to accord a voice to all sovereign states as enshrined in its charter.”

Greece
H.E. Mr. Anastassis Mitsialis, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2009

Multilateralism: "Ancient Greek Amphictyony is the precursor and the matrix of the concept of multilateralism, which is the only way to deal effectively with the many and varied challenges faced by the international community. The United Nations is in fact, along with the various regional alliances and organisations, the essential framework for joining forces and collectively confronting our common threats and promoting our common values."

Disarmament / Non-proliferation / CTBT / Fissile Materials / IAEA: "A few days ago the Security Council adopted Resolution 1887, thus taking an important step in the direction of advancing nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. We applaud this important decision. Yet, practical tools are essential for the achievement of high political goals such as this. Greece firmly believes that the NPT remains the cornerstone of the nuclear nonproliferation regime. Broad participation in it - along with the conclusion of comprehensive Safeguards Agreements and the Implementation of the Additional Protocol - is beyond any doubt the most effective answer to threats of nuclear proliferation. It is equally important to have additional ratifications of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the early drafting of the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty."

Guatemala
H.E. Mr. Álvaro Colom Caballeros, President
24 September 2009

No relevant references.

Guinea
H.E. Alexandre Cécé Loua, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Guineans living abroad
28 September 2009

Peace and Security: “By acting towards peace and security, significant advances have been made to the prevention and regulation of conflicts.”

Small Arms and Weapons: “Poor political and economic governance and its corollaries, corruption and impunity, drug trafficking and consumption, the proliferation of small arms and light weapons [...] has considerably weakened the authority of the state.”

“In Africa, the illicit and uncontrolled circulation of small arms and light weapons remains a source of instability for States and insecurity for its people.”

Weapons of Mass Destruction, Disarmament, Fissile Materials: “My country supports international efforts on the issue of disarmament and the control of armaments. It is in support of the prevention and destruction of all nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, including eradicating the trafficking of fissile materials.”

Guinea-Bissau
H.E. Mr. Carlos Gomes Junior, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Guyana
H.E. Mr. Bharrat Jagdeo, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: "The bipolarity of the Cold War has yielded to increased multilateralism, in which there has been a diffusion of political and economic power. In many ways, some forms of global governance are no longer commensurate to the needs of the international community and must therefore be suitably altered.

"The United Nations is now engaged in an endeavour to remedy deficiencies of the present system by strengthening the foundation of multilateralism upon which the Organization's Charter is based."

"Above all, however, Mr. President, a profound attitudinal change will be required of all member states to strengthen multilateralism as the preferred mechanism for managing future international relations. Selfish interests and old divisions must be replaced by a new ethic of collaboration and a new sense of morality."