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UNGA Disarmament Index 2009: S–Z

This is an index of all references made to issues of disarmament, peace, and security, made in the 64th General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly from 23–29 September 2009. Included in this index are all references made to arms control, disarmament, multilateralism, nuclear energy, security, proliferation, the arms trade, and nuclear and conventional weapons.

A–G | H–R | S–Z

Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Samoa |San Marino | Sao Tome and Principe | Saudi Arabia | Senegal | Serbia | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Singapore | Slovakia | Slovenia | Soloman Islands | Somalia | South Africa | South Sudan | Spain | Sri Lanka | Sudan | Suriname | Swaziland | Sweden| Switzerland | Syria
Tajikistan | Tanzania | Thailand | Timor Leste | Togo | Trinidad and Tobago | Tunisia | Turkey | Turkmenistan | Tuvalu
Uganda | Ukraine | United Arab Emirates | United Kingdom | United States | Uruguay | Uzbekistan
Vanuatu | Venezuela | Viet Nam | Yemen | Zambia | Zimbabwe

Saint Kitts and Nevis
H.E. The Honourable Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “To this end, Mr. President, my government will support an enhanced role for political forums such as the United Nations to strengthen multilateralism.”

Non-proliferation and disarmament: “The non-proliferation of nuclear weapons today, and a world free of nuclear weapons tomorrow, should be the goal of us all.”

Saint Lucia
H.E. Mr. Rufus George Bousquet, Minister for External Affairs, International Trade and Investment
28 September 2009

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “It matters little if we are rich but insecure in our homes and our country, and that is why, in recent years, the issue of small arms and light weapons has emerged as a major source of concern to us. Small developing states like Saint Lucia continue to be threatened by the disturbing spread of small arms. The illicit introduction of these weapons into our societies has created a heavy burden in our region which has seen the emergence of an unacceptable level of gun violence, worsened by the social distress caused by the economic and financial crisis.”

“In this connection St. Lucia reiterates its support for the implementation of relevant General Assembly resolutions on the “Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects,” most recently, Resolution 63/72 of 2nd December 2008. St. Lucia also wishes to express its continual support for the full implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (the International Tracing Instrument).”

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
H.E. Mr. Camillo Gonsalves, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2009

Multilateralism: “In his welcome and inspiring maiden statement to the General Assembly last Wednesday, our esteemed brother and friend President Barack Obama of the United States correctly identified the challenges to our multilateral unity as ‘rooted in a discontent with the status quo.’ We wholeheartedly endorse this assessment. It is a discontent with the status quo of a 63-year-old Security Council, which continues to administer our collective security unchanged and impervious to the logic of a new world. ... It is a discontent, even, with the stagnation of efforts to change the status quo in other critical respects.”

Small arms and light weapons: “The unholy trinity of exogenous assaults on our developmental prospects posed by globalization, climatization and stigmatization cannot be ignored. Nor can the security threats engendered by the illicit trade in firearms and narcotics. We in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines find ourselves unfortunately located between the supply and demand of these poisons and weapons, and their deleterious effects rip holes in our cohesive social fabric. The Caribbean, which produces not one single firearm and one single kilo of cocaine, is awash in drugs and guns, and is now the sub-region with the world’s highest per capita murder rate. Our plight cannot be ignored.”

Multilateralism: “Just as our myriad bilateral friendships and partnerships span geographic, economic and ideological divides, so too must our multilateral cooperation be inclusive and participatory. We can no longer maintain the illusion of holding hands in artificial solidarity across the moats and turrets of structural and systemic inequalities. Modern multilateralism cannot proceed on the bases of the included and the excluded, of the political haves and have-nots. Nor can token assimilations of individual developing countries serve to mask the necessity for deep structural changes to existing power arrangements. We urge our brothers and sisters who have gained limited access to the halls of power to not only be a voice for their excluded brothers, to not only remember where they came from, but also to view themselves as the tip of the spear, the thin edge of the wedge, that will use their newfound privileges to dismantle these structures from within, even as we continue to make our presence felt outside the citadels of stasis and indifference.”

Samoa
H.E. The Honourable Tuila’epa Lupesoliai Sailele
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Individual actions by states cannot in themselves provide a solution. We must shoulder our responsibility to act together to meet the threat through concerted multilateral action which underpins the spirit of our organization.”

Disarmament, nonproliferation, small arms and light weapons, war : “Wars are futile and serve no useful purpose. They would not end unless disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and the illicit small arms and light weapons are brought under effective control.”

Nuclear Testing: “The task of building peace lies with every nation and that is why we welcome the United States decision to move forward the with ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. We remain hopeful that the Treaty will enter in to force soon.”

San Marino
H.E. Mrs. Antonella Mularoni, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Multilateralism: "The strengthening of multilateralism, included by the President in the theme proposed for this General Debate (Effective responses to global crises: strengthening multilateralism and dialogue among civilizations for international peace, security and development) is, in my opinion, a central element. In fact, the International Organizations, and the United Nations in the first place, promote the affirmation of democracy, rule of law, freedoms and human rights as a condition for economic and social development, cultural growth and education."

Peace: "However, an effective response to terrorism must also be based on education to understanding and respect for each other, as a sine qua non condition to achieve justice and peace."

Disarmament / Cluster Munitions: "Finally, the protection of human rights is strictly connected with the need to guarantee every human being and every population the possibility to live in peace and justice. It is therefore necessary to give new momentum to the disarmament process. In this regard, an important step was taken last year by adopting the Convention on Cluster Munitions, an instrument that will prove essential to protect the affected populations from these weapons having devastating effects on civilians. The Republic of San Marino attaches great importance to this Convention, focused on human dignity and the interests of victims, hopes that the Convention will quickly enter into force, and therefore calls upon the states which have not yet ratified it to do so as soon as possible."

Sao Tome and Principe
H.E. Mr. Fradique Bandeira melo de Menezes, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism, Peace, and Security: “Peace and security combined with economic development can only be achieved through multilateral efforts.”

Saudi Arabia
His Royal Highness Prince Saud Al-Faisal, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “The crises, perils, conflicts and issues with which mankind everywhere is currently faced can be solved effectively only on the basis of international legitimacy, international law and multilateral cooperation in meeting the requirements of universal justice.”

Peace and Security: “In any issue with which we are confronted, in any conflict that threatens us, and in any crisis that could have fearful consequences and implications for international peace and security, or for global sustainable growth and prosperity, regardless of the complexity of its details and the intricacy of conflicting interests and differing positions, proposed solutions and initiatives must be evaluated, positively or negatively, in the light of a single standard criterion, namely international legitimacy, international law and universal justice.”

Weapons of Mass Destruction, Israel's nuclear programme: “Departure from the principles of international legitimacy, the rules of international law and the requirements of universal justice remains the root cause of the risks of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction that are overshadowing the Middle East, including the Gulf region. This is attributable to the fact that, for decades, a blind eye was turned to the Israeli nuclear programme which, far from even being ostensibly designed to generate electric power, produces nothing but weapons of mass destruction. This original sin has motivated some states to push ahead with the development of nuclear capabilities, using the pretext of double standards to justify non-compliance with international resolutions in this regard.”

Nuclear Weapon Free Zones: “Once again, we find that the easiest, most expeditious and most effective solution lies in declaring the entire Middle East, including the Gulf region, a zone free from all nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.”

Senegal
H.E. Mr. Abdoulaye Wade, President
24 September 2009

No relevant references.

Serbia
H.E. Mr. Boris Tadic, President
25 September 2009

Multilateralism: “As UN member States, it is incumbent upon us to work more closely together to reaffirm the rules that govern the international system; to reinforce the territorial integrity of member States; to entrench interdependence; and to complete the transition from the old order based on political and economic domination, to one established on equitable cooperation amongst all nations.”

Multilateralism / Nuclear Disarmament: “This is the only way to build a future of global peace, stability, and prosperity. It is the only way to enhance the dialogue between civilizations; to make multilateralism more effective; and to provide for sustainable development and eradicate poverty throughout the world. And it is the only way to effectively fight terrorism and cross-border organized crime, and promote nuclear disarmament.”

Seychelles (Republic of)
H.E. Mr. Ronald Jumeau, Ambassador, Permanent Representative
29 September 2009

No relevant references

Sierra Leone
H.E. Dr. Ernest Bai Koroma, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Dialogue promotes understanding; understanding enhances cooperation; cooperation gives vitality and legitimacy to the institutions and mechanisms that have been structured for meeting our common challenges and goals.”

“In the bid to promote effective multilateralism, my country has continued to engage the international community to effect various reform measures aimed at strengthening our intergovernmental organizations including, the Bretton Woods institutions, with a view of making them more inclusive, transparent and democratic in their decision making.””

“Let us promote mulitlateralism and strengthen our collaborative efforts to contain the rising threats to our planet.”

Small arms and light weapons, Non-Proliferation: “A final critical threat to future stability of nations around the world is the increasing proliferation of small arms and light weapons which, as former Secretary General Kofi Annan recently emphasized, are tantamount to weapons of mass destruction in slow motion, possessing the capability of destabilizing countries and entire regions.”

Singapore
H.E. Mr. George Yeo, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Multilateralism: "Looking ahead, however, it is not going to be a bipolar world but a multipolar world. ... A multipolar world means a messier world with a diversity of political systems, values and worldviews. Non-state actors like civil society organisations must increasingly be engaged. At the same time, we are all members of the same human family sharing the same planet. Looking ahead, we will need more effective global governance across a wide range of issues from protection of human rights and international financial regulation to efforts combating pandemics, climate change and terrorism. In a sense, the greatest challenge confronting us today is that of effective global governance. We do not want a global government but we do need better coordination, cooperation and enforcement in many areas."

Slovakia
H.E. Mr. Miroslav Lajcák, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Arms Race: "The old saying "Si vis pacem, para bellum - if you seek peace, prepare for war" has resulted in an unprecedented arms race, which, in itself, has turned to be a source of fear and insecurity."

WMD, delivery vehicles, nuclear terrorism, non-proliferation: "Slovakia is, particularly, very concerned over the risk of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery falling into the hands of non-state actors, especially terrorist groups. In this connection, Slovakia is ready to work with all partners towards a successful outcome of the 2010 NPT Review Conference that should result in an enhanced international nuclear non-proliferation regime."

Nuclear Testing: "It is our priority to outlaw nuclear testing and see the CTBT enter into force as well."

Arms Trade Treaty, Conventional Weapons: "Slovakia also calls for early start of substantive negotiations on the Arms Trade Treaty, which is essential for reducing the unacceptable human cost resulting from the proliferation of conventional arms."

Iran's nuclear programme: "Slovakia, together with the other members of the European Union, is gravely concerned at Iran's continued defiance of its international obligations, including Security Council's demands to suspend its nuclear activities. We take note of Iran accepting the P5+1 talks and we call on Iran to commit to the diplomatic negotiations in order to restore international community's trust and make real and urgent progress."

North Korea's nuclear programme: "Also, we repeatedly strongly condemned the nuclear test carried out by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and its launches of missiles. We call on the DPRK to revoke its position on Non-proliferation Treaty and to join the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty."

Multilateralism: "Slovakia is a keen believer in effective multilateralism and the central role of the United Nations in it. We therefore very much welcome the main theme of our deliberations during this general debate in order to achieve tangible results in the three pillars of the UN work: peace and security, human rights and development."

Slovenia
H.E. Mr. Danilo Türk, President
24 September 2009

Disarmament and Non-proliferation: “In the domain of disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control we witnessed far too many stumbling blocks in the past. UN action needs to be energized and the forthcoming review of the NPT has to be a step forward.”

Peace and Security: “In addition to structural change, the UN needs to strengthen its practical role in the maintenance of international peace and security.”

Solomon Islands
H.E. The Honourable Fredrick Fono, Deputy Prime Minister
25 September 2009

Military spending and disarmament: “As a peace loving country, we need to seriously seek a stable international system. This can be achieved by calling for global restraint on all military spending and taking firm commitment to begin a holistic multilateral disarmament negotiation.”

Somalia
H.E. Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, President
25 September

No relevant references.

South Africa
H.E. Mr. Jacob Zuma, President
23 September 2009

Multilateralism: “In a world that is increasingly inter-connected and inter-dependent, international problems can only be effectively resolved through multilateral cooperation. The UN must continue to be at the centre of multilateralism. But it needs to be reformed if it is to carry out its mandate effectively, efficiently and transparently.”

Peace and Security: “We appreciate that there can be no lasting peace without development, and no development without security.”

“The search for global peace, stability and security cannot be separated from the pursuit of justice, self-determination, human rights and economic development.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-Proliferation, Nuclear Energy: “Let us take up this new momentum and utilise the opportunity of the 2010 Review Conference to recommit ourselves to the full implementation of obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.We should ensure a balance between the objectives of disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.”

“We also appreciate the recent pronouncements by some nuclear weapon states on their intentions to reduce their nuclear arsenals. Let us take up this new momentum and utilise the opportunity of the 2010 Review Conference to recommit ourselves to the full implementation of obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. We should ensure a balance between the objectives of disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.”

Spain
H.E. Mr. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, President of the Government
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: “Spain is a country committed to multilateralism, to the need to continue to build a system of global governance. ... Multilateralism is not just a procedure for adopting decisions and for solving conflicts in the international order. It is that, but its more than that. In order for multilateralism to be effective and to be lasting, it also requires above all two material premises to be fulfilled. Firstly, multilateralism is inseparable from faithfulness to democratic values, to human rights, and to effective equality between men and women throughout the world.”

“Secondly, and this is no less important, multilateralism requires a culture or at least a climate of dialogue, of respect, of recongition between countries, between regions, and speaking more broadly, between civilizations.”

“This multilateralism that we want is reinforced by the paradigm of human rights and universal values that we all share as responsible members of the international community.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-Proliferation, Landmines, Cluster Munitions: “The new multilateralism has been essential in order for us to take some steps forward in the area of disarmament and armaments control, such as the prohibition of anti-personnel landmines and cluster bombs. And now the world has the opportunity to take a great step forward. The abolition of nuclear weapons. President Obama has had the courage to put this on the table and the United States and Russia, a country which will continue to be key for Euro-Atlantic security, those countries are negotiating on the greatest cut in their arsenals ever seen. And we encourage them in this effort, and we have great hope in a special summit of the Security Council being convened to cope with the fight against nuclear proliferation. Spain, a nation which renounced to develop or possess nuclear weapons, fully shares this objective and we will support it with all the means at our disposal. And we should first of all strengthen the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and that will coincide in May 2010 with the presidency by Spain of the European Union. And I undertaken to do everything within my power from Spain and within the European Union to ensure that this important NPT Review Conference comes up with specific results so that we can bring about a world that is free from nuclear weapons. That’s our perspective.”

Sri Lanka
H.E. The Honourable Ratnasiri Wickramanayake, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

Peace: “In the aftermath of conflict, peace cannot last without reconciliation.”

Multilateralism: “Thus, multilateralism must be strengthened to meet contemporary global crises, such as terrorism, the global financial crisis, the adverse consequences of climate chance, food and energy security as well as the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).”

Arms, Ammunition, WMD: “The threat posed to maritime security through the transportation of large consignments of sophisticated equipment and lethal cargo to provide logistical support to terrorist groups requires our urgent attention. In recent years Sri Lanka has experienced the most unprecedented and dangerous forms of maritime terrorism. Our Navy has successfully confronted and interdicted the movement of virtual floating warehouses of arms and ammunition, which posed a grave through to the security and stability of our nation and to our region. At the global level, this phenomenon calls for a revision of existing laws pertaining to boarding and search of vessels in the high seas.”

“We need a comprehensive legal framework to address all aspects of safety and security of maritime navigation, going beyond the current concerns on Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). This would make a distinct contribution to security global peace and security.”

Sudan
H.E. Ghazi Salahuddin Atabani, Adviser to the President
28 September 2009

Nuclear Weapons, Disarmament: “The UN, the inception of which embodied diversity, has to foster a dialogue among cultures and civilizations, respect for peoples', political and social choices, settlement of disputes through peaceful means and and freeing the world of nuclear weapons.”

Peace: “Therefore, we urge the fulfillment of all commitment to foster peace and stability as well as reconstructing the ravages of years of war so that peace is meaningful.”

Suriname
H.E. Mr. Ramdien Sardjoe, Vice-President
25 September 2009

Multilateralism: “The United Nations therefore remains the central forum for addressing global issues and we continue to advocate for effective multilateralism not as an option but as a mere necessity.”

“Of equal importance is strengthened cooperation within and between regional groups. We should continue to promote and pursue intensified channels of political dialogue between regional groups in reaffirming our shared commitment to multilateralism.”

Peace and Security: “In order to achieve international peace, security and development, cooperation should be based upon constructive and respectful dialogue.”

Swaziland (Kingdom of)
H.E. King Mswati III, Head of State
25 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament, Nuclear Energy, Peace: “If we want to achieve peace in the world it is important that we reduce and eventually eradicate nuclear arms which pose a threat to our planet. We need to encourage nations that are at a stage of developing and those that already possess nuclear power to utilize it for power generation that shall support and stimulate economic growth. Therefore we encourage the UN agency to continue monitoring countries that are developing nuclear and also ensure that countries that already have nuclear capability reduce and eventually eradicate their nuclear arms so that it becomes a thing of the past. In order to accelerate the eradication of nuclear weapons the UN must set targets and timelines for compliance.”

Switzerland
H.E. Mr. Hans-Rudolf Merz, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: “International cooperation has become vital. The UN is the place where this cooperation happens. Today, the world needs the UN more than ever.”

Syrian Arab Republic
H.E. Mr. Walid Al-Moualem, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Peace: “From this very rostrum, most speakers stress that a just and comprehensive peace is an urgent requirement for the realization of the interests of all parties in the [Middle East] and the world at large. However, paying lip service to the need for peace is categorically different from working for peace. Actions inside and outside the region spoke louder than words and peace remained elusive.”

Nuclear Weapon Free Zone, Israel’s nuclear programme: “For years Syria has been calling for the establishment of the Middle East region as a zone free from all weapons of mass destruction. To this end, Syria tabled a draft resolution before the Security Council in 2003. Today Syria stresses the need to commit Israel to comply with the resolution adopted by the International Atomic Energy Agency on the 19th of this month regarding the Israeli nuclear capabilities in which the Agency called upon Israel to submit its nuclear facilities to its safeguard regime and to adhere to the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT).”

Nuclear Energy: “We recall the right guaranteed by the NPT that all states are entitled to acquire nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. We fully support resorting to constructive dialogue as a means to settle all differences.”

Tajikistan
H.E. Emomali Rahmon, President
23 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament: “Tajikistan gives primary importance to strengthening the disarmament processes. Our hope is that at the 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference a constructive exchange of views on urgent issues concerning practical realization of this document will take place.”

Nuclear Weapon Free Zones: “We are convinced that the establishment of nuclear free zones is equally important both at regional and global levels.

“Given the above, Tajikistan is prepared to enhance the work on practical implementation of the provistions of the Treaty on nuclear free zone in Central Asia that came into effect on March 21, 2009.”

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “We support the leading role of the UN in combating illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, and hope that important measures for coordination of further steps in this direction will be developed at the next meeting to be convened for consideration of the Program of Action.”

Landmines: “Tajikistan supports the striving of the international community to achieve comprehensive prohibition of anti-personnel mines, and meets its commitments with regard to the Ottawa Convention by providing to the UN Secretary-General the information concerning the mine risk on annual basis.

“The first International conference to address the issues of consequences of mining was held in Dushanbe in June 2009.

“Over a long period of time Tajikistan has experienced the consequences of mining. We believe that Central Asia must be free from mining threat, and we call upon the international community to make its contribution to achieve this noble goal.”

Tanzania
H.E. Mr. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President
24 September 2009

Multilateralism: "I hope during your Presidency you will help advance the revitalisation ofthe General Assembly, reinforce multilateralism and promote dialogue among civilisations."

Peace and Security: "The gains in development can easily be eroded if peace and stability are threatened."

Thailand
H.E. Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

Peace and Security: “Central to our belief is that peace and security, development, and human rights are intertwined and must reinforce each other so that all three pillars are sustainable.”

Timor-Leste
H.E. Mr. Zacarias Albano Da Costa, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Non-proliferation: “It is not Timor-Leste's intention to develop nuclear capacity or become a nuclear power, and therefore we have ratified the non-proliferation treaty and we council caution in the development of and use of nuclear capacity.”

Togo
H.E. Mr. Kodjo Menan, Chairman of the Delegation
29 September 2009

Weapons of Mass Destruction and Proliferation: “To further develop weapons of mass destruction and their proliferation is in the opinion of my delegation, a menace in contradiction to international peace and security.”

Non-proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament: “My country applauds the promise made on the 24th of September at the Security Council meeting under the chairmanship of the United States of America, which was devoted to nonproliferation and nuclear disarmament.”

“Reaffirming multilateralism as the fundamental principle to remedy concerns over disarmament and non proliferation, Togo hopes that the Security Council meeting will initiate a new approach to treat this issue as a crucial one.”

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “Togo reiterates the wish to see this present session of the General Assembly session to reinforce the process of realizing the project that aims to negotiate a treaty on the trade of small arms following the example of what ECOWAS has done on this issue.”

Tonga
H.E. The Honourable Feleti Vaka’uta Sevele, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Trinidad and Tobago
H.E. The Honourable Patrick Manning, Prime Minister
26 September 2009
http://www.un.org/ga/64/generaldebate/TT.shtml

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “One of the most significant problems facing the global community is organized transnational crime of increasing strength, including terrorist activity, as well as the illegal traffic of drugs, arms and persons. This activity has a most corrosive effect on our small societies, fuelling, for example, trafficking in small arms and light weapons, with troubling consequences. In CARICOM, we have been pooling our resources in the fight. There is now unprecedented cooperation among the legal and security systems of our countries, but we need more resources in our struggle with this menace.”

Trinidad and Tobago
H.E. The Honourable Patrick Manning, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

Small Arms and Light Weapons: “One of the most significant problems facing the global community is organized transnational crime of increasing strength, including terrorist activity, as well as the illegal traffic of drugs, arms and persons. This activity has a most corrosive effect on our small societies, fuelling, for example, trafficking in small arms and light weapons, with troubling consequences. In CARICOM, we have been pooling our resources in the fight. There is now unprecedented cooperation among the legal and security systems of our countries, but we need more resources in our struggle with this menace.”

Tunisia
H.E. Mr. Abdelwaheb Abdallah, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

Multialteralism, Security, Peace: "To conclude, I would like to reiterate that our countries' success in securing development and promoting relations of cooperation among them is closely linked to an international environment that is characterized by security, stability, and justice. While Tunisia renews its commitment to the values of peace and to the principles of international legality in finding just and sustainable solutions to the ongoing world issues, it insists on the necessity to reinforce the values of moderation, tolerance and mutual respect in the relations between nations and peoples as well as on building bridges of communication and dialogue between civilizations, cultures, and religions."

"We believe that the international community needs to further increase its efforts and focus them on achieving sustainable development and implementing the noble universal values, that the world needs so badly, such as cooperation, tolerance, and solidarity, which in our view remain the ideal way to strengthen nations' ability to positively interact with international changes and face the challenges of the present world situation, especially that these challenges and difficulties, in light of the globalization reality, seem to have a global dimension and hence require a collective response based on responsibility sharing among all nations.

The United Nations, which constitutes the ideal framework for taking up such a collective responsibility, is also in dire need, more than ever, to adapt to the changing situation at the international level in order to keep up with developments and fulfill its mandate in the most appropriate way."

"In spite of its complex and intermingled character, the world situation will only strengthen our attachment to the United Nations and to its founding principles as the ideal framework for coordinating and uniting our efforts to address the present issues and challenges, to reform the system of international relations by implementing the noble principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter, find efficient solutions to pending issues, mitigate the impact of economic and social crisis and promote solidarity based frameworks of partnership and cooperation, in accordance with a more comprehensive approach based on the close correlation between peace, security and development."

Turkey
H.E. Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister
24 September 2009

Non-proliferation: "Threats like terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons have become sources of concern on a global scale."

"On the other hand, we also call upon all countries to act responsibly, bearing in mind the serious consequences of the proliferation of nuclear weapons for the whole world."

North Korea's nuclear programme: "We supported the Security Council resolution 1874 on North Korea's nuclear test last May, in this spirit."

Peace, security, multilateralism: "We maintain our hope that the achievement of global peace and stability is within our grasp. We therefore wish to see the United Nations serve as the voice and spokesman of the global public conscience. We believe that a more representative, democratic, transparent, just and effective United Nations will be able to make a greater contribution to global peace and stability."

"The global problems of our age necessitate global scale solutions. From wars to economic crises, from hunger and poverty to terrorism, from energy security to climate change, the problems our world faces today are extremely challenging. However, none of them is insurmountable. For the resolution of these problems, we need a fair and inclusive global order which is based on trust and which regards diversity as a source of richness."

Iran's nuclear programme: "We believe that the dispute over our neighbor Iran's nuclear program, which has long preoccupied the international community, should be resolved through dialogue."

Nuclear Energy: "Turkey defends the right of all countries to benefit from peaceful use of nuclear energy."

Turkmenistan
H.E. Mr. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, President
23 September 2009

Disarmament, non-proliferation, WMD, arms race: “Support for the process of disarmament, reduction of weapons arsenals, above all, weapons of mass destruction, preventing proliferation, continues to be one of the main issues on the global agenda. We believe that in the present system of international relations there should be no space for a Cold War legacy, recurrence of bloc confrontation, when quantity and quality of arms were almost the main criteria determining the authority of states. We are convinced that the fewer armaments and arms there are in the world, the more stable and calm will be its development. The more trust and understanding there would be among countries and peoples.”

Nuclear Weapon Free Zones: “As you know, a treaty on establishing a nuclear weapon free zone in Central Asia was signed in 2006, in the city of Semipalitinsk. All countries of the region have become parties to the treaty. This joint initiative proved to be consonant with the aspirations of the majority of countries worldwide; it won high appraisal from the world community as well as approval in the UN General Assembly. In this connection, we believe it is time to hold a representative international conference in the first half of next year under the auspices of the UN on the subject of disarmament in the region of Central Asia and the Caspian Basin. Our country is ready to host such an event.”

Disarmament: “We would also welcome constructive proposals from the international community, from individual states aiming to assist global processes of disarmament and effectively considering issues of our participation in implementation of such proposals.”

Tuvalu
H.E. The Honourable Apisai Ielemia, Prime Minister
26 September 2009

No relevant references.

Uganda
H.E. Mr. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President
23 September 2009

No relevant references.

Ukraine
H.E. Mr. Victor Yushchenko, President
23 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament: "Almost 15 years ago Ukraine voluntarily gave up the third largest nuclear potential and acceded to the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear state.

"We welcome the steps taken by the United States and the Russian Federation to elaborate a new agreement to replace the Treaty between the USSR and the USA on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms of 31 July 1991, which expires this year."

Negative Security Assurances: "At the same time, Ukraine persistently counts on the support by the Security Council permanent members of our proposal to enhance security assurances for non-nuclear states, in particular for those which had voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons or their development. That will become an important incentive for many countries."

United Arab Emirates
His Highness Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2009

Multilateralism: “UAE places great importance on the role played by the United Nations system and other international organizations in strengthening multilateral cooperation for addressing the existing international challenges.”

Nuclear energy: “... we wish to stress here the UAE’s interest to develop a program for the peaceful use of nuclear energy stems from its desire to meet its growing needs of energy in the future.”

“The UAE hopes that developing a peaceful nuclear energy model which complies with the highest standards of transparency in operating the nuclear facilities and fulfills the highest requirements of nuclear safety and non-proliferation, in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency and other responsible and experience states, will chart a new course for a large group of countries for the safe use of nuclear energy, with international support. The UAE’s commitment not to enrich uranium and reprocess fuels locally is amongst the most salient features of this model. This is a model supported by enhanced international transparency and cooperation mechanisms.”

Nuclear energy, non-proliferation and NWFZs: “This model for developing peaceful use of nuclear energy is also in line with the firm policy of the UAE. The policy supports the principles of the non-proliferation treaty and reflects the UAE’s position, which calls for making the Middle East and the Arabian Gulf a zone free of weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons.”

Non-proliferation, disarmament, WMD: “In this context, we welcome resolution 1887 (2009) issued by the Security Council in its recent summit on the Non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament and reiterate the UAE’s rejection of existence of any weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.”

Israel's nuclear programme, IAEA: “We also emphasize UAE’s position which calls for the implementation of the UN resolutions, which demand Israel to dismantle its military nuclear facilities, accede unconditionally to the non-proliferation treaty in tandem with other countries of the region and subject its nuclear facilities to the safeguards of the IAEA.”

Iran's nuclear programme: “In this context, we also urge the Islamic Republic of Iran to continue its cooperation with the IAEA and the international community in order to allay fears and doubts raised on the nature and the purposes of its nuclear program. We also call upon the respective parties to continue their political and diplomatic approach away from any escalations or emotions so that a peaceful agreement that ensures the security and stability of the countries of the region and their peoples can be reached.”

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
H.E. Mr. Gordon Brown, Prime Minister
23 September 2009

Non-proliferation: “We face five urgent challenges that demand momentous decisions—decisions that I would argue are epoch-making—on: climate change; terrorism; nuclear proliferation; poverty; and shared prosperity.”

Iran’s nuclear programme, Arms Race, Nuclear Disarmament: “There can be no chance of a nuclear-free world, if we allow Iran to develop nuclear weapons and in doing so set off a new arms race.”

Nuclear Weapons, Non-proliferation: “Once there were five nuclear-armed powers. Now there are nine, with the real and present danger that more will soon follow. And the risk is not just state aggression, but the acquisition of nuclear weapons by terrorists. So we are at a moment of danger when decades of preventing proliferation could be overturned by damaging rise in proliferation.”

Nuclear Disarmament: “If we are serious about the ambition of a nuclear free world we will need statesmanship, not brinkmanship.”

Nuclear Weapons, Non-Proliferation: “Tomorrow’s Security Council Resolution will be vital as we move forwards towards next year’s global nuclear security summit in April and the Review Conference in May.

“My proposal is a grand global bargain between nuclear weapon and non nuclear weapons states. And there are three elements to it where careful and sober international leadership is essential and in which Britain will play its part on the responsibilities on non nuclear states, on the rights of non nuclear states, and on the responsibilities of nuclear weapon states.”

Iran and North Korea’s nuclear programmes, Non-proliferation: “First, let there by no ambiguity: Iran and North Korea must know that the world will be even tougher on proliferation and we are ready to consider further sanctions. Britain will insist that the onus on non nuclear states is that in future it is for them to prove they are not developing nuclear weapons.”

Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Fuel Cycle: “Second, Britain will offer civil nuclear power to non nuclear states ready to renounce any plans for nuclear weapons: helping non-nuclear states acquire what President Eisenhower so memorably called “atoms for peace.” With others we will be prepared to sponsor a Uranium bank outside these countries to help them access civil nuclear power. And Britain is ready to launch a new nuclear centre of excellence to help develop an economic low-carbon proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycle.”

Nuclear Disarmament: “Third, all nuclear weapons states must play their part in reducing nuclear weapons as part of an agreement by non nuclear states to renounce them. This is exactly what the Non Proliferation Treaty intended. In line with maintaining our nuclear deterrent I have asked our national security committee to report to me on the potential future reduction of our nuclear weapon submarines from four to three.”

Multilateralism: “And as we learn from the experience of turning common purpose into common action in this our shared global society, so we must forge a progressive multilateralism that depends on us finding within ourselves and together the qualities of moral courage and leadership that for our time and generation can make the world new again-and for the first time in human history, create a truly global society.”

United States of America
H.E. Mr. Barack Obama, President
23 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation: “I have outlined a comprehensive agenda to seek the goal of a world without nuclear weapons. In Moscow, the United States and Russia announced that we would pursue substantial reductions in our strategic warheads and launchers.”

“And we address our priorities here, in this institution—for instance, through the Security Council meeting that I will chair tomorrow on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.”

“Today, I put forward four pillars that are fundamental to the future that we want for our children: non-proliferation and disarmament; the promotion of peace and security; the preservation of our planet; and a global economy that advances opportunity for all people.”

“First, we must stop the spread of nuclear weapons, and seek the goal of a world without them. This institution was founded at the dawn of the atomic age, in part because man’s capacity to kill had to be contained. For decades, we averted disaster, even under the shadow of a super-power stand-off. But today, the threat of proliferation is growing in scope and complexity. If we fail to act, we will invite nuclear arms races in every region, and the prospect of wars and acts of terror on a scale that we can hardly imagine.

“A fragile consensus stands in the way of this frightening outcome – the basic bargain that shapes the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty. It says that all nations have the right to peaceful nuclear energy; that nations with nuclear weapons have the responsibility to move toward disarmament; and those without them have the responsibility to forsake them. The next twelve months could be pivotal in determining whether this compact will be strengthened or will slowly dissolve.

“America will keep our end of the bargain. We will pursue a new agreement with Russia to substantially reduce our strategic warheads and launchers.”

“We will complete a Nuclear Posture Review that opens the door to deeper cuts, and reduces the role of nuclear weapons.”

Nuclear Testing: “We will move forward with ratification of the Test Ban Treaty, and work with others to bring the Treaty into force so that nuclear testing is permanently prohibited.”

“And this week, my Secretary of State will become the first senior American representative to the annual Members Conference of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.”

Fissile Materials: “And we will call upon countries to begin negotiations in January on a treaty to end the production of fissile material for weapons.”

Nuclear Terrorism: “I will also host a Summit next April that reaffirms each nation’s responsibility to secure nuclear material on its territory, and to help those who can’t – because we must never allow a single nuclear device to fall into the hands of a violent extremist. And we will work to strengthen the institutions and initiatives that combat nuclear smuggling and theft.”

Iran and North Korea’s nuclear programmes: “All of this must support efforts to strengthen the NPT. Those nations that refuse to live up to their obligations must face consequences. This is not about singling out individual nations – it is about standing up for the rights of all nations that do live up to their responsibilities. Because a world in which IAEA inspections are avoided and the United Nation’s demands are ignored will leave all people less safe, and all nations less secure. In their actions to date, the governments of North Korea and Iran threaten to take us down this dangerous slope. We respect their rights as members of the community of nations. I am committed to diplomacy that opens a path to greater prosperity and a more secure peace for both nations if they live up to their obligations.

“But if the governments of Iran and North Korea choose to ignore international standards; if they put the pursuit of nuclear weapons ahead of regional stability and the security and opportunity of their own people; if they are oblivious to the dangers of escalating nuclear arms races in both East Asia and the Middle East – then they must be held accountable. The world must stand together to demonstrate that international law is not an empty promise, and that Treaties will be enforced. We must insist that the future not belong to fear.”

Fissile Materials: “At the Conference on Disarmament, we agreed on a work plan to negotiate an end to the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons.”

Multilateralism: “Now is the time for all of us to take our share of responsibility for a global response to global challenges.”

“Responsibility and leadership in the 21st century demand more. In an era when our destiny is shared, power is no longer a zero sum game. No one nation can or should try to dominate another nation. No world order that elevates one nation or group of people over another will succeed. No balance of power among nations will hold. The traditional division between nations of the south and north makes no sense in an interconnected world. Nor do alignments of nations rooted in the cleavages of a long gone Cold War.

“The time has come to realize that the old habits and arguments are irrelevant to the challenges faced by our people. They lead nations to act in opposition to the very goals that they claim to pursue, and to vote – often in this body – against the interests of their own people. They build up walls between us and the future that our people seek, and the time has come for those walls to come down. Together, we must build new coalitions that bridge old divides – coalitions of different faiths and creeds; of north and south, east and west; black, white, and brown.”

Uruguay
H.E. Dr. Tabaré Vázquez, President
23 September 2009

Peace: “In these times of globalization, it is not only the economy that has to be globalized. Peace, freedom, democracy, justice, dignity and the welfare of the people must be globalized as well.”

Uzbekistan
H.E. Mr. Vladimir Norov, Minister of Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Vanuatu (Republic of)
H.E. Edward Nipake Natapei, MP, Prime Minister
25 September 2009

Disarmament and Non-Proliferation: “Finally, my delegation welcomes Security Council resolution S/2009/473 on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and disarmament. The presence of all the Leaders of the permanent five demonstrates a commitment to control the spread of weapons of mass destruction. Maintaining international peace and security will always remain humanity's greatest challenge. There is hope.”

Peace and Security: “I firmly believe that equity and sustainable development are mutually reinforcing goals because it would be difficult to underpin peace, security and growth in any process of development that leaves much of humanity behind.”

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
H.E. Mr. Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, President
24 September 2009

Peace, Militarism: “Military bases are a threat to the possible peace in Colombia and in South America. We are right to have said each in our own way how concerned we are about the installation of these seven bases and I would like to denounce this and point it out. And I would like President Obama to think about it.”

“[The Pentagon] doesn’t want Obama. They just want to run the world, with all their bombs, and soliders, and bases all over the world.”

Non-proliferation, Nuclear Disarmament: “[Obama] spoke about four pillars, fine, we’ll take his word. Non-proliferation, nuclear non-proliferation—fine, please you start, kindly destroy all the nuclear weapons you have. Just go ahead.”

Viet Nam
H.E. Mr. Nguyen Minh Triet, President
25 September 2009

WMD: "In the meantime, tension and conflicts remain in various regions; and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and international terrorism continue to be the threats demanding effective responses."

Multilateralism: "We have also been successful in our foreign policy of openness, diversification and multi-lateralization of external relations in the spirit of being a friend and reliable partner of all nations and an active, constructive, cooperative and responsible member of the international community."

"This year's General Assembly is taking place at a crucial juncture when the world has witnessed many significant changes in 2009 and required from us corresponding policy decisions. I believe that only by standing shoulder-by-shoulder to enhance multilateral cooperation, could we meet the expectations and aspirations of our peoples and set out the directions for long-term development of the UN. Viet Nam will always be a supportive, active and responsible participant in this noble mission."

Militarism: "It is equally evident that policies and measures of imposition and unilateral use of force to address international security and
political issues could only result in more tension, confrontation and impasse."

Iran and North Korea's nuclear programmes: "Respect for the fundamental principles of international law and the UN Charter in international relations is the determinant for peace and security and the prerequisite for all activities of the international community. On that basis, the United Nations should continue to make active contributions to easing tension and peacefully resolving outstanding disputes and conflicts, including those relating to the DPRK and Iran."

Disarmament, Non-proliferation, WMD: "As a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, we have been an active participant in and an effective and responsible contributor to the maintenance of the world's peace and security. A peace-loving nation, Viet Nam always strongly supports and contributes to the peaceful settlement of international disputes and conflicts, the fight against trans-national crime, international terrorism and the promotion of disarmament and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction."

Yemen
H.E. Mr. Abubakr Al-Qirbi, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2009

No relevant references.

Zambia
H.E. Mr. Rupiah Bwezani Banda, President
24 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament / Biological and Chemical Weapons / Disarmament and Development / Peace / Security: "Even in the post cold war era, nuclear arms pose a threat to international peace and security and the very existence of mankind. It is for this reason that Zambia stands for general and complete disarmament, including biological, chemical, nuclear and radiological weapons, in a time-bound manner. The demand of the time is that we compete for peace not war, for development, not armaments."

Multilateralism / Nuclear Weapons / Peace / Security: "The theme for this session, presents us an opportunity to evaluate the existing multilateral approaches to address the challenges arising from globalisation. These include threats to socioeconomic development and international peace and security. There is need to develop innovative approaches and responses to these challenges which include HIV/AIDS and H1N1, terrorism, climate change, nuclear weapons and more recently, the global economic and financial crisis."

"In this globalised and inter-dependent world, no country, however, wealthy or powerful it is, can resolve all these challenges single handedly. Common solutions are, therefore, required through a strong United Nations. "

"The United Nations remains the central and principal organ for coordinating international cooperation in socio-economic development, peace, security and human rights, and the rule of law."

"There is no doubt that the United Nations continues to remain the only multilateral institution capable of addressing the challenges of our 'one world'. This session's theme attests to this fact. The world looks up to this body to encourage dialogue among civilizations on all global challenges in an inclusive manner offering the only practical way to ensure meaningful and effective international cooperation."

"The resolution of our problems of climate change, economic and financial crisis, peace and security and human rights and democracy, depends on human ingenuity. The United Nations must, therefore, first and most importantly work to create an environment where ingenuity can indeed flourish; that is a peaceful world where all feel they belong and are treated with dignity."

Zimbabwe
H.E. Comrade R.G. Mugabe
25 September 2009

Nuclear Disarmament: “We warmly welcome the renewed enthusiasm by Russia and the United States to pursue actions to achieve a world free of nuclear arms and we urge other nuclear weapons states to do the same.”

Nuclear Disarmament, Non-proliferation, Nuclear Energy: “In this regard, Zimbabwe is honoured to have chaired, in May this year, the Third Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Nuclear Proliferation Treaty Review Conference and takes this opportunity to thank all members for their support. We are hopeful that, having secured agreement on the Conference agenda, members will produce a renewed commitment to the three pillars of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty; namely, nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy.”

Multilateralism, Peace: “Let me conclude by reiterating the need for effective and comprehensive multilateralism to promote the global partnership for peace and development. The United Nations and other international organisations which carry the legitimacy of multilateralism should play a leading role in directing the course of events and developments, taking into account the interests of the majority of its members in an inclusive, peaceful, just, universal and democratic manner.”

“Over the years, my delegation has underlined the need for the United Nations and other international bodies to truly serve the collective interest of all Member States. Our unchanging conviction is that all international institutions should abide by the universal principles which underlie multilateral processes of decision-making, particularly, the principle of equality among States and the right to development. It is in this context that we welcome the appropriate, indeed, timely, theme of this Session: "Effective global responses to global crises, strengthening multilateralism and dialogue among civilizations." It is our hope that we will have a candid and holistic debate on the global responses to the crises that currently affect our world.”

Peace: “In the Global Political Agreement, we have defined our priorities as the maintenance of conditions of peace and stability, economic recovery, development, promotion of human rights and improvement of the condition of women and children.”