logo_reaching-critical-will
   

Share

UNGA Disarmament Index 2013: H–R

This is an index of all references made to issues of disarmament, peace, and security, made in the 68th General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly from 24 September–1 October 2013. Included in this index are all references made to arms control, disarmament, nuclear and conventional weapons, nuclear energy, the arms trade, and militarism.

A-G | H-R | S-Z

Haiti | Holy See | Honduras | Hungary
Iceland | India | Indonesia | Iran | Iraq | Ireland | Israel | Italy
Jamaica | Japan | Jordan
Kazakhstan | Kenya | Kiribati | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR | Latvia | Lebanon | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Liechtenstein | Lithuania | Luxembourg
Macedonia | Madagascar | Malawi | Malaysia | Maldives | Mali | Malta | Marshall Islands | Mauritania | Mauritius | Mexico | Micronesia | Moldova | Monaco | Mongolia | Montenegro | Morocco | Mozambique | Myanmar
Namibia | Nauru | Nepal | Netherlands | New Zealand | Nicaragua | Niger  | Nigeria | Norway
Oman
Pakistan | Palau | Palestine | Panama | Papua New Guinea | Paraguay | Peru | Philippines | Poland | Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea | Romania | Russian Federation | Rwanda

Haiti
H.E. Mr. Laurent Salvador Lamothe, Prime Minister
26 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Holy See
H.E. Mr. Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, Secretary for Relations with States
1 October 2013

No relevant comments.

Honduras
H.E. Mrs. María Antonieta de Bográn, Vice President
27 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Hungary
H.E. Mr. János Martonyi, Minister of Foreign Affairs
30 September 2013

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “Hungary is committed to disarmament and non-proliferation efforts that are fundamental for maintaining global peace and security.”

Chemical weapons: “We urge all countries to ratify the Chemical Weapons Convention.”

WMD: “We also support the establishment of a WMD free zone in the Middle East as foreseen by the last Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2010.”

Nuclear security: “My country was greatly honored to chair the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Conference on Nuclear Security in July and sincerely hope that the results of this conference will contribute to a safer world,”

CTBT: “On the CTBT, I am confident that its entry into force will greatly strengthen global peace and security. Only a Treaty in force will confine the chapter of nuclear testing to history books. We therefore need to further intensify our respective efforts. With my fellow Article XIV coordinator H.E. Marty Natalegawa, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Indonesia, we will make an attempt to bring us closer to that goal. l look forward to our co-ordinatorship of the CTBT for the period between 2013-2015 with a view to accelerating the ratification process.”

Chemical weapons, biological weapons: “The use of chemical weapons in Syria was a crime against humanity. The international community has finally embarked on action to ensure that similar attacks would never ever be repeated. We welcome the U.S.-Russian Agreement on the Framework for Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons, as well as the consequent resolutions by the OPCW's Executive Council and the UN Security Council. Hungary is ready to provide chemical and biological experts on the ground to facilitate these international efforts. We urge the Syrian authorities to take full responsibility to ensure that their chemical weapons are stored securely until inspection and destruction and do not fall into the hands of any other State or non-state actor.”

Iceland
H.E. Mr. Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson, Minister of Foreign Affairs
30 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “It is the primary responsibility of all Governments to protect their citizens. A few weeks ago, the world witnessed the use of chemical weapons in Syria. It is hard to find words strong

enough to express our condemnation. International law has been broken, war crimes committed and globally agreed values have been shattered. Those responsible must be held accountable and should answer to the International Criminal Court.”

“We welcome the adoption of Security Council Resolution 2118 and calI on the Council to ensure that Syria fully meets its commitments. The Geneva communique from last year must also be honoured and a Geneva II conference convened urgently.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “Sorne of the greatest achievements of the United Nations are in the field of international law. Within these walls, the history of international relations continues to be written and brave new steps to be taken. The latest accomplishment is the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty. Iceland is proud to be the first State to ratify this landmark Treaty. We call on all States - in particular arrns exporters - to do so as well, so that it enters into force without delay.”

Nuclear energy: “Climate change and disasters like the one in Fukushima have furthermore taught us that a real energy transformation is needed. Safe, clean and renewable energy is the way of the future.”

India
H.E. Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “The use of chemical weapons, whosoever may have deployed them, must be condemned in the strongest terms. India supports strongly the elimination of chemical weapons material and equipment in Syria.”

Nuclear weapons: This year, 25 years after Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi put forward a comprehensive Action Plan for a Nuclear Weapon-free and Nonviolent World Order, we must strengthen efforts against nuclear proliferation and pursue time-bound, universal, non-discriminatory, phased and verifiable nuclear disarmament. We must also guard against terrorists and non-state actors gaining access to sensitive materials and technologies.”

Indonesia (the Republic of)
H.E. Mr. Marty Natalegawa, Minister of Foreign Affairs
27 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “The recent breakthrough on the issue of chemical weapons in Syria is clear evidence that diplomacy works.”

Nuclear weapons, CTBT: “Revival of the long stalled nuclear disarmament agenda is also key. In particular, as Co-Presidents of Article 14 Conference on CTBT, we call for the early entry into force of the Treaty.”

Iran (Islamic Republic of)
H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani, President
24 September 2013   

Chemical weapons: “While condemning any use of chemical weapons, we welcome Syria's acceptance of the Chemical Weapons Convention, and believe that the access by extremist terrorist groups to such weapons is the greatest danger to the region that must be considered in any disarmament plan.”

Drones: “Terrorism and the killing of innocent people represent the ultimate inhumanity of extremism and violence. Terrorism is a violent scourge and knows no country or national borders. But, the violence and extreme actions such as the use of drones against innocent people in the name of combating terrorism should also be condemned. Here, I should also say a word about the criminal assassination of Iranian nuclear scientists. For what crimes have they been assassinated? The United Nations and the Security Council should answer the question: have the perpetrators been condemned?”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Iran seeks to resolve problems, not to create them. There is no issue or dossier that cannot be resolved through reliance on hope and prudent moderation, mutual respect, and rejection of violence and extremism. Iran's nuclear dossier is a case in point. As clearly stated by the Leader of the Islamic Revolution, acceptance of the inalienable right of Iran constitutes the best and the easiest way of resolving this issue. This is not political rhetoric. Rather, it is based on a profound recognition of the state of technology in Iran, global political environment, the end of the era of zero-sum games, and the imperative of seeking common objectives and interests towards reaching common understanding and shared security. Put otherwise, Iran and other actors should pursue two common objectives as two mutually inseparable parts of a political solution for the nuclear dossier of Iran.

“1-  Iran's nuclear program - and for that matter, that of all other countries - must pursue exclusively peaceful purposes. I declare here, openly and unambiguously, that, notwithstanding the positions of others, this has been, and will always be, the objective of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Nuclear weapon and other weapons of mass destruction have no place in Iran's security and defense doctrine, and contradict our fundamental religious and ethical convictions. Our national interests make it imperative that we remove any and all reasonable concerns about Iran's peaceful nuclear program.

“2-  The second objective, that is, acceptance of and respect for the implementation of the right to enrichment inside Iran and enjoyment of other related nuclear rights, provides the only path towards achieving the first objective. Nuclear knowledge in Iran has been domesticated now and the nuclear technology, inclusive of emichment, has already reached industrial scale. It is, therefore, an illusion, and extremely unrealistic, to presume that the peaceful nature of the nuclear program of Iran could be ensured through impeding the program via illegitimate pressures.”

Militarism: “At this sensitive juncture in the history global relations, the age of zero-sum games is over, even though a few actors still tend to rely on archaic and deeply ineffective ways and means to preserve their old superiority and domination. Militarism and the recourse to violent and military means to subjugate others are failed examples of the perpetuation of old ways in new circumstances.”

“Coercive economic and military policies and practices geared to the maintenance and preservation of old superiorities and dominations have been pursued in a conceptual mindset that negates peace, security, human dignity, and exalted human ideals. Ignoring differences between societies and globalizing Western values as universal ones represent another manifestation of this conceptual mindset. Yet another reflection of the same cognitive model is the persistence of Cold War mentality and bi-polar division of the world into ‘superior us’ and ‘inferior others.’ Fanning fear and phobia around the emergence of new actors on the world scene is another.”

“Securing peace and democracy and ensuring the legitimate rights of all countries in the world, including in the Middle East, cannot - and will not - be realized through militarism.”

“In recent years, a dominant voice has been repeatedly heard: ‘The military option is on the table.’ Against the backdrop of this illegal and ineffective contention, let me say loud and clear that ‘peace is within reach.’ So, in the name of the Islamic Republic of Iran I propose, as a starting step, the consideration by the United Nations of the project: ‘the World Against Violence and Extremism’ (WAVE). Let us all join this ‘WAVE.’ I invite all states, international organizations and civil institutions to undertake a new effort to guide the world in this direction. We should start thinking about ‘Coalition for Enduring Peace’ all across the globe instead of the ineffective ‘Coalitions for War’ in various parts of the world.”

Iraq
H.E. Dr. Khudheir Al-Khuzaie, Vice President
27 September 2013

Nuclear weapons, WMD: “For the sake of a Middle East living in peace and security, we reiterate the call for the establishment of a Middle East free of nuclear weapons, with emphasis on the need to hold the Helsinki Conference on the establishment of this region as soon as possible, because the failure of international efforts in this area will adversely affect the credibility of the NPT nuclear proliferation, which could lead to an arms race which increases the frequency of tension and instability.”

Ireland
H.E. Mr. Eamon Gilmore, Deputy Prime Minister
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Every day, the peoples of the world - whom we are privileged to represent here at the General Assembly of the United Nations -look on in helpless horror at the slaughter in Syria. They can see gassed children lined out, dead, on their television screens.”

“The utterly callous attack in Ghouta on 21 August marked a new low in the endless litany of horrors. From the very outset, Ireland has consistently argued that the United Nations and the Security Council must be central to any efforts to resolve this crisis and ensure that international law and basic human rights are upheld. And while it has taken much longer than we would all have wished, I welcome thedecisive action the Security Council has now taken on Syria. The Resolution marks a watershed in the international community's engagement on the crisis. It offers renewed hope and confidence that the UN is capable of discharging its responsibilities and meeting the aspirations and expectations of the peoples of the world. The Security Council Resolution builds on the vital breakthrough achieved by the UnitedStates and Russia in agreeing a framework for the complete elimination of Syria's chemical weapons. Full compliance by the Syrian regime with its obligations is imperative. Ireland has already pledged €200,000 in funding to support the vital role of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, assisted by the UN, in implementing these arrangements.”

“The Security Council has expressed its conviction that there must also be accountability for what has occurred in Syria. The International Criminal Court exists precisely for this purpose. We owe it to the Syrian people to ensure that those responsible for the war crimes committed against them are brought to justice.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “We are also encouraged by the stated determination of the new Iranian government to address the concerns of the international community and build confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear programme. We look forward to Iran’s serious engagement in meaningful negotiations leading to full compliance with all of its international obligations and hope that this will also contribute to the creation of a positive dynamic in the Middle East region.”

Israel
H.E. Mr. Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister
1 October 2013

Chemical weapons: “Yet Iran directly participates in Assad’s murder and massacre of tens of thousands of innocent men, women, and children in Syria, and that regime is propping up a Syrian regime that just used chemical weapons against its own people.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Today, our hope for the future is challenged by a nuclear-armed Iran that seeks our destruction.”

“A nuclear-armed Iran would have a chokehold on the world's main energy supplies. It would trigger nuclear proliferation throughout the Middle East, turning the most unstable part of the planet into a nuclear tinderbox. And for the first time in history, it would make the specter of nuclear terrorism a clear and present danger.”

“A nuclear-armed Iran in the Middle East wouldn't be another North Korea. It would be another 50 North Koreas!”

“Why would a country that claims to only want peaceful nuclear energy, why would such a country build hidden underground enrichment facilities? Why would a country with vast natural energy reserves invest billions in developing nuclear energy? Why would a country intent on merely civilian nuclear programs continue to defy multiple Security Council resolutions and incur the costs of crippling sanctions on its economy? And why would a country with a peaceful nuclear program develop intercontinental ballistic missiles whose sole purpose is to deliver nuclear warheads?”

“Iran is not building a peaceful nuclear program. Iran is developing nuclear weapons.”

“Last year alone, Iran enriched three tons of uranium to 3.5%, doubled its stockpile of 20% enriched uranium, and added thousands of new centrifuges, including advanced centrifuges. It also continued work on the heavy water reactor in Arak. That's in order to have another route to the bomb – a plutonium path.”

“Underground nuclear facilities? Heavy water reactors? Advanced centrifuges? ICBM's? It's not that it's hard to find evidence that Iran has a nuclear weapons program. It's hard to find evidence that Iran doesn’t have a nuclear weapons program. Last year when I spoke here at the UN, I drew a red line. Iran has been very careful not to cross that line. But Iran is positioning itself to race across that line in the future at a time of its choosing. Iran wants to be in a position to rush forward to build nuclear bombs before the international community can detect it, much less prevent it.”

“I have argued for many years, including on this podium, that the only way to peacefully prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons is to combine tough sanctions with a credible military threat. And that policy is today bearing fruit. Thanks to the effort of many countries, many represented here, and under the leadership of the United States, tough sanctions have taken a big bite out of Iran's economy. Oil revenues have fallen. The currency has plummeted. Banks are hard pressed to transfer money.”

“For those who you who don't know, the Isfahan facility is an indispensable part of Iran's nuclear weapons program. That's where uranium ore called yellowcake is converted into an enrichable form. Rouhani boasted, and I quote: "By creating a calm environment, we were able to complete the work in Isfahan."”

“He fooled the world once. Now he thinks he can fool it again. You see, Rouhani thinks he can have his yellowcake and eat it too.”

“Well, the only diplomatic solution that would work is one that fully dismantles Iran's nuclear weapons program and prevents it from having one in the future. President Obama rightly said that Iran's conciliatory words must be matched by transparent, verifiable and meaningful action, and to be meaningful, a diplomatic solution would require Iran to do four things. First, cease all uranium enrichment. This is called for by several Security Council resolutions. Second, remove from its territory the stockpiles of enriched uranium. Third, dismantle the infrastructure for a nuclear breakout capability, including the underground facility near Qom and the advanced centrifuges in Natanz. And four, stop all work at the heavy water reactor in Arak aimed at the production of plutonium.”

“These steps would put an end to Iran's nuclear weapons program and eliminate its breakout capability. There are those who would readily agree to leave Iran with a residual capability to enrich uranium. I advise them to pay close attention to what Rouhani said in a speech to Iran's Supreme Cultural Revolutionary Council. This was published in 2005: "A country that can enrich uranium to about 3.5% will also have the capability to enrich it to about 90%. Having fuel cycle capability virtually means that a country that possesses this capability is able to produce nuclear weapons. Precisely. This is precisely why Iran's nuclear weapons program must be fully and verifiably dismantled. And this is why the pressure on Iran must continue.”

“So here's what the international community must do. First, keep up the sanctions. If Iran advances its nuclear weapons program during negotiations, strengthen the sanctions. Second, don't agree to a partial deal. A partial deal would lift international sanctions that have taken years to put in place in exchange for cosmetic concessions that will take only weeks for Iran to reverse. Third, lift the sanctions only when Iran fully dismantles its nuclear weapons program.”

“The international community has Iran on the ropes. If you want to knockout Iran's nuclear weapons program peacefully, don't let up the pressure. Keep it up.”       

“Three decades ago, President Ronald Reagan famously advised: Trust but verify. When it comes to Iran's nuclear weapons program, here's my advice: Distrust, Dismantle, and Verify.”   

“Israel will never acquiesce to nuclear arms in the hands of a rogue regime that repeatedly promises to wipe us off the map. Against such a threat, Israel will have no choice but to defend itself. I want there to be no confusion on this point: Israel will not allow Iran to get nuclear weapons. If Israel is forced to stand alone, Israel will stand alone. Yet in standing alone, Israel will know that we will be defending many, many others. The dangers of a nuclear-armed Iran and the emergence of other threats in our region have led many of our Arab neighbors to finally recognize that Israel is not their enemy. This affords us the opportunity to overcome historic animosities and build new relationships, new friendships, new hopes. Israel welcomes engagement with the wider Arab world. We hope that our common interests and common challenges will help us forge a more peaceful future.”

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “And he (President Rouhani of Iran) has another reason to believe that he can get away with this, and that reason is called North Korea. Like Iran, North Korea also said its nuclear program was for peaceful purposes. Like Iran, North Korea also offered meaningless concessions and empty promises in return for sanctions relief. In 2005, North Korea agreed to a deal that was celebrated the world over by many well-meaning people. Here is what the New York Times editorial had to say about it: "For years now, foreign policy insiders have pointed to North Korea as the ultimate nightmare... a closed, hostile and paranoid dictatorship with an aggressive nuclear weapons program.”

“And yet North Korea agreed in principle this week to dismantle its nuclear weapons program, return to the NPT, abide by the treaty's safeguards and admit international inspectors.... Diplomacy, it seems, does work after all." End quote. Ladies and Gentlemen, A year later, North Korea exploded its first nuclear weapons device.”

“Yet as dangerous as a nuclear-armed North Korea is, it pales in comparison to the danger of a nuclear-armed Iran.”

Italy
H.E. Mr. Enrico Letta, Prime Minister
25 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Italy is inviting all the members of the Security Council and other relevant international stakeholders to spare no effort in the search for political solutions. This is why the Italian Government welcomed the Geneva Framework for Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons. We strongly support the work undertaken in the Security Council toward getting Syria to participate in the Chemical Weapons Convention.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “Italy is engaged in international initiatives related to peace and security, such as the Arms Trade Treaty, which we speedily ratified, one of the first signatories to do so.”

Jamaica
H.E. Mrs. Portia Simpson Miller
28 September 2013

Arms Trade Treaty: “To this end, we welcome the recent opening for signature of the landmark Arms Trade Treaty in June of this year which represents one of many steps that the international community must take towards defeating terrorism, crime and violence. Jamaica is currently undertaking efforts towards ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty.”

Japan
H.E. Mr. Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister
26 September 2013

Nuclear weapons: “Japan, as a county that understands the horror and devastation wrought by atomicbombs, will utterly devote itself to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, and the total elimination of nuclear weapons.”

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “North Korea's nuclear and missile development cannot be condoned. Japan also maintains serious concerns with regard to other weapons of mass destruction that North Korea is likely to possess.”

Jordan
His Majesty King Abdullah II Bin Al Hussein
, King

24 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “It is time to fast-track a political transition in Syria: to end the violence and bloodshed, neutralise the threat of chemical weapons, restore security and stability, preserve the unity of Syria and its territorial integrity, and engage all, all, its people in building their country's future.”

Kazakhstan
H.E. Mr. Erlan A. Idrissov, Minister of Foreign Affairs
27 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Kazakhstan strongly condemns the use of chemical weapons in Syria as confirmed by the findings of an independent investigation by the UN Mission and regards it as a crime against humanity.”

“We support the adoption of a UN Security Council resolution on Syria that would stipulate strict compliance to a concerted decision on the elimination of chemical weapons in this country and the conduct of regular inspections of this process.”

“We express our hope that the accession of Syria to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction as well as placement of such weapons under international control will preclude the possibility of their repeated use and contribute towards the end of a longstanding and bloody conflict in Syria.”

Nuclear weapons, non-proliferation, disarmament, nuclear energy: “We believe that the Non-Proliferation Treaty, which remains the cornerstone of the non- proliferation regime, must reach full universalization with strict implementation of national obligations in accordance with the three fundamental pillars of the Treaty: non-proliferation; the peaceful use of nuclear energy; and disarmament, in a balanced way. We call on all countries outside of the NPT, possessing nuclear weapons, to sign the Treaty, and for State Parties not to withdraw.

CTBT: “The entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty should become an important catalyst of the non-proliferation process and the effective implementation of the NPT. We urge those countries that have not yet done so, to sign and ratify this important instrument. The General Assembly resolution, initiated by Kazakhstan, instituting 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests, matches the goals and objectives for the entry into force of the CTBT.”

Nuclear weapons: “The current situation of the nuclear disarmament process also does not encourage confidence in a more peaceful future. While we participated actively in yesterday's High Level Meeting, we once again stress from the podium of the General Assembly that our country has a special moral authority to champion the cause of nuclear abolition. By closing the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site soon after our independence in 1991 and renouncing the fourth largest nuclear arsenal, Kazakhstan has made a unique contribution in the multilateral effort to achieve a world free of nuclear weapons.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “We support the immediate political and diplomatic settlement of the situation around the Iranian nuclear programme on the basis of strict compliance with the provisions of the NPT and the IAEA regulations.”               

Nuclear weapons: “To take further decisive actions to eliminate the nuclear threat, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan has proposed the adoption of a Universal Declaration for a Nuclear Weapon Free World, which will be an important step towards a Nuclear Weapons Convention, and thereby achieving a nuclear-weapon-free world. We count on the Member States to finalize and submit a draft resolution to the General Assembly.”

“The Treaty on the Establishment of a Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons in Central Asia (CANWFZ), which came into force in March 2009, is an important contribution of the Central Asian countries to international and regional security. It is the first nuclear-weapon-free zone established in the northem hemisphere and sharing common borders with two major nuclear powers, as weIl as the first such zone where nuclear weapons had previously existed. Kazakhstan welcomes the willingness of the P5 countries to hold a dialogue on the Additional Protocol and to provide the negative assurances in the nearest future.”

“Kazakhstan supports the early convening of the Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction, under the aegis of the UN until the end of 20l3, and calls upon all States in the region to actively cooperate to make this important deliberation possible.”

Iran's nuclear programme: “In order to ensure continuation of the dialogue between the group of international mediators and Iran, Kazakhstan hosted two rounds of negotiations in Almaty in 2013. Specific agreements have yet to be reached, but we are confident that a mutually acceptable outcome impossible. We believe that concrete actions by Iran to ensure the transparency of its nuclear program will advance the settlement o f the problem rather than relying on sanctions alone.”

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “We express our grave concern about the situation of North Korea's nuclear program. Attempts to deal with the secret development of nuclear weapons in violation of international obligations carmot be justified by any circumstances, At the sarne time, Kazakhstan is against a military solution o f the problem, since we are convinced that only the peaceful settlement of the crisis, within the framework of the six party talks, can ensure peace and stability in Northeast Asia.”

Kiribati
H.E. Mr. Anote Tong
, President

25 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Kuwait
H.E. Mr. Sheikh Jaber Al Mubarak Al Hamad Al Sabah, Prime Minister
25 September 2013

Iran’s nuclear programme: “At the same regional level, concerning Iran's nuclear program, the State of Kuwait supports the ongoing efforts to peacefully resolve this issue, in a manner a that will preserve the right of the Islamic Republic of Iran and all the countries in the region, to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes under the supervision and monitoring of the International Atomic Energy Agency. We also call upon the Islamic Republic of Iran to cooperate fully with international efforts and work on implementing the relevant Security Council resolutions, and to cooperate also with the I.A.E.A. and implement its resolutions to escape this crisis, which had cast it shadow for many years on this region, and gave rise to doubts and created an atmosphere of instability and tension.”

Kyrgyzstan
H.E Mr. Erlan Abdyldaev, Minister of Foreign Affairs
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “We support the initiative of the transfer of Syrian chemical weapons with its subsequent destruction under the international supervision, and the joining of Syria to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.”

Lao People’s Democratic Republic (The)
H.E. Mr. Thongloun Sisoulith, Vice Prime Minister
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “...the Lao PDR welcomes the agreement reached by Russia and the United States on Syria's chemical weapons.”

Latvia
H.E. Mr. Andris Bērziņš, President
24 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “The detailed report by the UN inspectors confirms the use of chemical weapons against civilians on August 21st. Those who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria must face the International Criminal Court. The agreement reached by the United States and Russia on the framework to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons should be reflected in a UN Security Council resolution, with a clear indication that the Chapter Seven of the UN Charter would be invoked in case of non-compliance.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “We encourage the new Iranian leadership to address the concerns of the international community. We welcome the new Iranian government's stated determination to resolve the nuclear issue, thus building confidence in the peaceful nature of its nuclear program.”

Lebanon
H.E. General Michel Sleiman, President
24 September 2013   

Chemical weapons: “Lebanon has already condemned the use of chemicals weapons[in Syria], and it has called on the United Nations, including the Security Council, to assume solely the duty of holding the perpetrators accountable. The last American-Russian agreement about the weapons may be an introduction to the desired comprehensive peaceful solution. This solution would stop the bloodshed and prevent extremism from reaching out to neighboring countries, and seriously undermining international relations.”

Lesotho
H.E. Mr. Motsoahae Thomas Thabane, Prime Minister       
26 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Of particular concern to my delegation is the situation in Syria which poses a serious and growing threat to international peace and security. Scores of civilians continue to be the chief victims. Women and children and the elderly bear the brunt of the conflict. The use of chemical weapons in Syria is not only abhorrent, but also a crime against humanity. We condemn it in the strongest terms as it threatens to undermine the norm against the use of chemical weapons universally embraced by the international community. We welcome the partial report of the UN Team of Inspectors on the use of these weapons in Syria, and hope that the culprits will face the might of the international law and justice.”               

Nuclear weapons: “The state of peace and security in the world is gradually getting worse. Possession of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction remains the principal threat to the survival of humanity.”

Liberia
H.E. Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President
24 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Because we know firsthand of the profound destruction and lasting hurt implied in civil conflict, we also agonize with the people of Syria, particularly those innocent women and children who suffer most from such tragedy. In this regard we unequivocally condemn the use of chemical weapons in Syria and anywhere in the world, and we call for concerted and renewed international efforts to stem the rising scourge of terrorism and other transnational crimes by action to control and eliminate weapons of mass destruction.”

Libya
H.E. Mr. Ali Zeidan, Prime Minister
25 September 2013

WMD, chemical weapons, Arms Trade Treaty: “Libya contributes very seriously in the international efforts exerted to disarm weapons of mass destruction, and to maintain international peace and security, through the dedicated work to fulfill its obligations under international instruments on disarmament of weapons of mass destruction, as Libya works in coordination and full cooperation with the international institutions and organizations concerned, and international partners to dispose the other chemical weapons stockpile in proper time, and is working to strengthen the partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with which it has relations of technical and scientific cooperation in a number of areas. Libya is always keen to participate in all regional and international forums on disarmament of weapons of mass destruction, and to re-organize and regulate the conventional arms trade; as Libya signed the Treaty on the Arms Trade on 9 July 2013.”

Disarmament: “On this occasion, I would like to emphasize that Libya is determined to reconsider the international instruments for disarmament which has not yet acceded to.”

Nuclear weapons, WMD: “I also confirm Libya’s full support to the international efforts aiming at creating more areas free of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction in various regions of the world. To contribute to the achievement of this goal, Libya is working in full coordination with the brothers at the Arab League to ensure the successful holding of the Conference on making the Middle East a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, which, unfortunately, has been postponed. We call upon His Excellency the Secretary-General of the United Nations and other parties to the organization of the conference to make every endeavors as stipulated by the resolution 1995, and the outcome document of the Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2010, to hold the conference during the current year, and call upon all States concerned to participate in it, to ensure its success.”

Liechtenstein
H.E. Mrs. Aurelia Frick, Minister of Foreign Affairs
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Sadly, it took a particularly outrageous act to generate action in the Security Council: the use of chemical weapons, with hundreds of victims, including countless children. We are encouraged to see that the Council has decided to ensure the destruction of all chemical weapons in Syria. This should also provide new momentum to ensure that all remaining States join the ChemicalWeapons Convention. Indeed it should be a step towards the elimination of all weapons of mass destruction worldwide.”

Arms transfers, chemical weapons: “The use of chemical weapons in Syria has marked a watershed in the conflict. Nevertheless, this issue must not divert our attention away from the core problem: the fighting in Syria continues  unabated, with blatant disregard for the civilian population and international humanitarian law. Weapons and ammunition cross the borders more easily than humanitarian assistance. The recent breakthrough on the issue of chemical weapons shows that political progress is possible. Hopefully, this will create the momentum for the Council to finally live up to its responsibility: to end the supply of weapons, pressure the conflict parties to accept a ceasefire, work towards a political solution, and prepare the ground for accountability for past crimes.”

Chemical weapons: “There may be different views on who has used chemical weapons in Syria. But everyone agrees that this use constitutes a crime against humanity and a war crime that must not go unpunished. It must therefore be put before a court of law, together with the countless other crimes committed, for an independent and impartial investigation. Syria is our biggest collective accountability failure in recent history. The International Criminal Court (ICC) has been operational for more than a decade now. During this time, we have not witnessed any other situation in which crimes have been committed so systematically, at such a scale, and for such a long time - without any adequate response from the international community. It is well documented that crimes have been and continue to be committed by all sides. This is precisely the type of crisis for which we have established the ICC. And it is precisely the type of situation which led us to give the Security Council the competence to refer situations to the Court. In its recent resolution, the Council has made a limited statement on accountability. More determined and more concrete action must follow. A referral to the ICC will not only ensure that there is no impunity for the atrocious crimes committed in Syria. It will ultimately also contribute to a viable political future for the country: it will isolate those who have committed the most serious crimes, it will provide redress for victims, and it will establish the truth.”

“Recent events in Syria have reminded us of the importance of the Kampala amendments to the Rome Statute adopted in 2010. We added provisions that criminalize the use of poisonous and other gases, no matter whether they are used in international or in internal armed conflict. It is troubling that these provisions have so quickly gained relevance.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “The establishment of the International Criminal Court was the most significant development in international law in the past decades. Only the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty earlier this year has come even close in significance.”

Lithuania
H.E. Mrs. Dalia Grybauskaitė
, President

26 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Luxembourg
H.E. Mr. Jean Asselborn, Minister of Foreign Affairs
27 September 2013

Arms trade, conventional weapons: “We all know the disastrous effects of the unregulated trade in conventional arms: violent repressions, armed conflicts, crime, widespread violence.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “That is why the Arms Trade Treaty is so crucially important. The Assembly has approved this Treaty by a very large majority five months ago. Luxembourg is proud to have been among the sponsors of this important initiative from the very start; we are proud to have signed the Treaty right at the opening for signature on 3 June 2013. The national ratification procedure has been started, and you can count on us for supporting a rapid entry into force of the Treaty.”

“In this respect, allow me to congratulate your own country, Mr. President, for having already ratified the Treaty. I also salute the fact that more than 110 Member States of the United Nations, including the United States, have already signed this new legal instrument.”

“The Arms Trade Treaty is a significant step forward for international law, international humanitarian law and human rights.”

Small arms and light weapons: “I would like to welcome in this context yesterday's important Security Council debate which was dedicated to the impact of the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation and misuse of small arms and light weapons on international peace and security, as well as the resolution which has been adopted on that occasion. Thus, the Council has rightly underlined the need for an integrated response by the international community: a response which takes into account the negative effects of these illicit activities on security, governance, the rule of law and development; a response which also takes into account the links between these activities and other threats to international peace and security, such as terrorism, piracy and transnational organized crime.”               

Missiles, cluster munitions, chemical weapons: “The use of missiles, firebombs and cluster munitions, the use of chemical weapons,the systematic imposition of sieges, forced displacements, torture, sexual violence, violations and abuses committed against children, more than two million refugees, more than 100,000 dead: this is the chilling balance sheet of two and a half years of brutal repression and conflict in Syria. The list of war crimes and crimes against humanity, committed on a daily basis, continues to grow. Against this horror, I will not tire of repeating that the situation in Syria must be referred to the International Criminal Court.”                   

Chemical weapons: “Indeed, while we have been able to make progress these last days on the issue of chemical weapons, and while we are going to adopt in the next few hours a Security Council resolution establishing a strong and binding mechanism to ensure as soon as possible the control and destruction of the Syrian chemical weapons, we cannot and must not forget the humanitarian crisis which continues to unfold in Syria and in the neighboring countries, in particular in Lebanon and in Jordan, but also in Iraq and in Turkey.”

“We all agree: a sustainable solution to the conflict in Syria can only be political. Here also, let us live up to our responsibilities; let us seize the momentum created by the agreement on chemical weapons; let us set a date for the Geneva II conference; let us encourage the parties to participate in it in order to initiate a dynamic, on the basis of the communique of 30 June 2012, which would lead to a cessation of hostilities and to the necessary political transition in Syria, a transition which meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Yesterday, the negotiations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the E3+ 3 Group, led by the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton, have restarted here in New York. We support these efforts. We want substantial negotiations which quickly lead to concrete results, to a diplomatic solution to the Iranian nuclear issue. Sanctions are not an end in themselves. They are the international response to the refusal by Iran to meet its international obligations and to cooperate fully with the IAEA. We encourage the new Iranian leadership to engage in constructive negotiations and to take the necessary measures in order to prove to the international community that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes only, and to open a new page in its relations with the world community.”

Proliferation, WMD: “The risk of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction remains just as real a threat as the threat of terrorism.”

Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)
H.E. Mr. Nikola Gruevski, Prime Minister
27 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Speaking of one of the major issues - the crisis in Syria and the internal conflict with more than 100 000 victims and 2 million refugees - what is more troubling while pursuing diplomatic efforts is that the Syrian people were confronted with the use of chemical weapons which is strictly forbidden by international law. This must not be tolerated. We are among the countries that asked for urgent investigation, under the auspices of the Secretary General's Mechanism for the Investigation of Alleged Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons. Despite differing views, all Member States of the Council and of the United Nations are united in that for the final resolution of the Syrian crisis, a chance should be given to the political approach. Therefore, it is essential to concentrate maximum efforts on revitalizing the search for a political settlement and convene the Geneva II conference as soon as possible. The Syrian people deserve better days through decisive action of the international community that will put an end to the violence and threats.”

Madagascar
H.E. Mr. Andry Nirina Rajoelina, President
25 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Malawi
H.E. Mrs. Joyce Hilda Mtila Banda
, President

24 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Malaysia
H.E. Mr. Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Prime Minister
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “We welcome the recent US-Russia Framework Agreement, condemn without reservation the use of chemical weapons, and call on the international community to intensify their efforts to explore all possible diplomatic options for peace under the auspices of the UN.”

Maldives
H.E. Mrs. Mariyam Shakeela, Acting Foreign Minister
1 October 2013

Chemical weapons: “We are appalled at the human cost of the conflict in Syria. The use of chemical weapons at any time, by any one, for any means must not be tolerated. In this regard, the Maldives welcomes the United Nations Security Council resolution 2118 on the destruction of chemical weapons in Syria, which was adopted unanimously. The Council's decision, we hope, will take us a step closer to ending the atrocities taking place as we speak. Violence begets violence. Thus, we call on both sides of the conflict to choose the path of dialogue, not of violence.”

Mali
H.E. Mr. Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, President
27 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Malta
H.E. Mr. Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister
26 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Marshall Islands
H.E. Mr. Christopher Loeak, President
26 September 2013

Nuclear weapons: “Nuclear testing in the Marshall Islands is no mere historical event - but an international legacy which will stay with us for generations.”

“While unmet responsibility still rests with our historical administering power, the United States, the UN itself can no longer ignore it's own role during the Trusteeship era. I am strongly encouraged by the UN Secretary-General's commitment to address the ongoing impacts of nuclear testing in the Pacific, and look forward to practical efforts in this regard.”

Mauritania
H.E. Mr. Ahmed Teguedi, Minister of Foreign Affairs
28 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Mauritius
H.E. Mr. Navinchandra Ramgoolam, Prime Minister
28 September 2013

Nuclear weapons, chemical weapons: “Mauritius also supports a Middle East which is free of Weapons of Mass Destruction. This will mean that no country in the region should hold nuclear or chemical weapon.”

Mexico
H.E. Mr. José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, Minister of Foreign Affairs
26 September 2013

Arms Trade Treaty: “Human security is also affected by the irresponsible use and illicit traffic of conventional weapons. Mexico applauds the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty. With great vision, the Mexican Senate overwhelmingly approved the Treaty last week and I was honored to deposit the instrument of ratification here at the United Nations. Mexico will comply with it even before its entry into force. Mexico calls upon all Member States to ratify this Treaty, a testament to our Organization's ability to achieve common solutions to shared challenges.”

Chemical weapons: “Therefore, we voice our support to diplomatic initiatives that pursue a political and peaceful solution to the Syrian crisis, in particular to the agreement reached between the United States and Russia to eliminate all chemical weapons in Syria.”

“The prohibition against the use or threat of use chemical weapons is absolute. The events of August 21st outside of Damascus are unacceptable. Therefore, the dismantling and ultimate destruction of the Syrian arsenal of chemical weapons, under the authority of the OCPW and the United Nations Security Council, must be immediate and unconditional. We should leave no room for dilatory tactics or blackmailing.”

Nuclear weapons: “Mexico believes that disarmament must continue to be a key purpose of the United Nations. In following with my country's longstanding contribution to the cause of disarmament, on February 2014 we will be hosting in Nayarit, on the Pacific Coast, the Second Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Arms and other Weapons of Mass Destruction.”

Micronesia (Federated States of)
H.E. Mr. Emanuel Mori, President
25 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Moldova
Mr. Iurie Leancă, Prime Minister
26 September 2013

[Unofficial translation]

Arms Trade Treaty: “Let me mention the most important achievement of our assembly: the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which became possible after many years of debates and intense negotiation on the regulation of global arms trade. The Republic of Moldova has signed the ATT and hopes for a timely implementation that will make the global arms trade more transparent and legitimate. The ATT could be an important step to master proliferation and illicit circulation of arms, especially in vulnerable areas and those where the constitutional regime in sovereign states is not respected.”

“In addition the government is working closely with its European and international partners, especially with the Federal Office for Economy and Export Control of Germany (BAFA) and the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe to review and modify the national legislation on export controls of dual use goods and then adopt the best international standards and experiences in this area.”

Monaco
His Serene Highness Prince Albert II
24 September 2013

[Unofficial translation]

Chemical weapons: “For Syria more particularly the number of civilians displaced or refugees is appalling. A new threshold has been crossed with the use of chemical arms, a grave violation of international law that we cannot tolerate. Monaco joins those who continue to advocate a political settlement, particularly in light of recent agreements about the control and destruction of chemical weapon stockpiles in Syria. Those responsible for the acts cannot go unpunished.”

Mongolia
H.E. Mr. Elbegdorj Tsakhia, President
26 September 2013

Disarmament, non-proliferation, WMD: “Mongolia firmly stands for non-proliferation and complete elimination of weapons of mass destruction.”

Chemical weapons: “We cannot tolerate the use of chemical weapons and strongly condemn violation of the universally accepted international law.”

Nuclear weapons: “As a country with internationally recognized nuclear weapon-free-status, and uniquely situated between two nuclear-weapon states, permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, Mongolia has been working hard on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.”

Montenegro
H.E. Mr. Milo Dukanović, Prime Minister
27 September 2013

Arms Trade Treaty: “Adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) as the first legally binding instrument in this area, will undoubtedly contribute to the global efforts in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation. It is an honour for me to emphasize that Montenegro has from the outset firmly supported a comprehensive and strong wording of the Arms Trade Treaty and was among the first 65 countries to sign it. Aware of the importance of its early coming into effect, we will make our best efforts to ensure its speedy ratification.”

Chemical weapons: “We are deeply concerned by a continuing deterioration of the situation in Syria and most strongly condemn any form of violence, killing of civilians and violation of human rights. We especially condemn the use of chemical weapons confirmed in the report of the UN Inspection Team, which the Secretary General Ban Ki-moon characterized as a war crime. We hereby urge that those responsible for crimes in Syria and violations of international law be brought to account. The agreement reached between the US and the Russian Federation gives us hope of a diplomatic solution to this crisis and ending of conflicts in Syria through a resolute action of the Security Council. We believe that a political solution and a democratic transition is the only way to stop the tragedy and conflict that resulted in a humanitarian crisis of incalculable proportions affecting the whole region.”

Morocco
H.E. Dr Saad Dine El Otmani, Minister for Foreign Affairs
30 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Regarding the situation in Syria, Morocco hopes that the Resolution 2118 regarding the elimination of chemical weapons in Syria, will lead to an end of the violences.”

Nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-proliferation: “Morocco is convinced that the security of the state is not based on their military power…. This is why Morocco is firmly committed to the principles of disarmament and non-proliferation and the importance of respect for the international treaties regarding non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “I would like to welcome the ATT.”

Mozambique
H.E. Mr. Armando Emílio Guebuza, President
24 September 2013

Landmines: “In the context of our commitment to the disarmament agenda, an issue of paramount importance in promoting Peace and fight against poverty in the Mozambique, as well as a way of associating ourselves with the cause of international peace and security, that we will host, from June 29th to July 4th, 2014, the Third International Conference to Review the Convention on the Elimination of Anti-Personnel Mines. Thus, we would like to invite all member States, observers and international organizations as well as civil society to participate in this Conference.”

Myanmar
H.E. Mr. Wunna Maung Lwin, Minister of Foreign Affairs
30 September 2013

WMD, nuclear weapons, disarmament, non-prolifertion: “The continued existence of weapons of mass destruction particularly nuclear weapons poses the greatest threat to mankind. Myanmar is therefore actively pursuing the cause of nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation at the international forums. One of the testimonies of her aspiration was demonstrated in the annual resolution on ‘Nuclear disarmament’ submitted by our delegation since 1995. Through this resolution, we have been calling upon Nuclear-Weapon States to cease immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear weapons with a view to taking measures leading to their total elimination within a specified framework of time.

Nuclear weapons: “With this firm belief, the Government of Myanmar has signed the Additional Protocol for the IAEA Safeguard Agreement on Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty on 17 August 2013. This is yet another significant developments which testifying our commitment towards the goals of nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation. Myanmar will continue to cooperate with IAEA and the international community for its implementation.”

Namibia
H.E. Mr. Hifikepunye Pohamba, President
26 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Namibia condemns the use of chemical weapons against the civilian population in Syria, as confirmed by UN inspectors. Namibia welcomes the agreement reached by the Russian Federation and the United States to place Syrian chemical weapons under the control of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). We also support the efforts of the Joint Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General and the League of Arab States to help the Syrian parties find a peaceful solution to the conflict.”

Nauru
H.E. Mr. Baron Divavesi Waqa, President
26 September 2013

No relevant comments.

Nepal
H.E. Mr. Khil Raj Regmi, Chairman of the Council of Ministers
28 September 2013

Disarmament, WMD: “ Nepal reiterates its call for general and complete disarmament of all weapons of mass destruction, including biological, chemical, radiological and nuclear in a time bound manner. Our efforts towards the goal of total nuclear disarmament must be matched by efforts to achieve the non-proliferation of other weapons of mass destruction. As host to the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament (RCPD) for Asia and the Pacific in Kathmandu, we stand for strengthening regional initiatives for peace through dialogue, education and awareness, and subsequent confidence-building measures.”

NWFZ, outer space, small arms and light weapons, Arms Trade Treaty: “Nepal supports nuclear weapons free zones, keeping the outer space free of weapons, and controlling small arms and light weapons from the reach of illicit hands. The Arms Trade Treaty is a landmark achievement of this year.”

Chemical weapons: “ We condemn the recent use of  chemical weapons in Syria and call for total destruction of the chemical weapons stockpile in all parts of the world.”

Netherlands (The Kingdom of)
His Excellency Frans Timmermans, Minister of Foreign Affairs
27 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “During the festive celebrations this year in The Hague, which gave fresh impetus to the peaceful settlement of disputes, there were scenes of unspeakable violence in Syria, including the use of chemical weapons…. The use of chemical weapons by Saddam Hussein led to the Chemical Weapons Convention and the OPCW. So the institutions and instruments are in place…. The world was shocked to discover that an attack with chemical weapons had taken place in Syria on 21 August. The attack violated one of the most important peremptory norms of international law. The 1925 Geneva Protocol, to which Syria is a party, bans the use of chemical weapons.”

Nuclear weapons: “Fifty years ago US President John F. Kennedy expressed the fear that in the 1970s there would be 15, 20 or even 25 nuclear weapons states. Thanks in part to the Non-Proliferation Treaty , this danger was averted . But the risk of further proliferation of nuclear weapons has not receded.

“While much has been achieved in the field of disarmament, we still have a long way to go. In his speech in Berlin in June 2013, President Obama warned of the danger of nuclear weapons. ‘Aslong as nuclear weapons exist, we are not truly safe,’ he said - and he is right. He plans to takenew steps to reduce strategic nuclear arsenals. He also wants to make substantial reductions inthe number of US and Russian non-strategic weapons in Europe. The Netherlands favoursthese steps, strongly supports these efforts and wants to contribute to them.”

Nuclear security: “In March next year, the Nuclear Security Summit will begin in The Hague. My country's hosting of this summit is in keeping with our tradition as a country of peace, justice and security. Nuclear materials can play an important role in curing our illnesses and heating our houses . And fortunately, the likelihood of terrorists using nuclear materials in an attack is small. But if it didhappen, the consequences for the world would be very serious indeed. The Nuclear Security Summit is meant to give fresh impetus to global efforts to ensure nuclear security and prevent nuclear terrorism, by making and implementing agreements at the highest multilateral level. Governments, businesses, researchers and organisations from many countries are working together to reduce the quantities of nuclear materials, tp enhance the security of the materials that remain, and to combat nuclear smuggling.”

Disarmament: “A peaceful world demands a sustainable legal order and a powerful agenda for development. It demands a strategy for disarmament and a focus on human rights.”

New Zealand
Mr. John Key, Prime Minister
26 September 2013

Arms Trade Treaty, small arms: “New Zealand also recognises the importance to Africa, to the Caribbean and to our own region of the Arms Trade Treaty adopted in April and signed by New Zealand and many others on the 3rd of June. This Treaty should curb the flows of small arms and other weapons, especially to conflict regions, and help arrest the deaths and human misery that are they cause.”

Chemical weapons: “The Secretary-General has advised the Council and the General Assembly, ‘The United Nations Mission has now confirmed, unequivocally and objectively, that chemical weapons have been used in Syria.’ The report found ‘clear and convincing evidence that surface-to-surface rockets containing the nerve agent sarin were used’ on 21 August. The information in the report also makes it very clear that those rockets must have been fired by the Syrian regime. As the Secretary-General has said, these are war crimes. Those responsible must be brought to account. Those that try to cast doubt on the report's conclusions make themselves look foolish and do a disservice to the UN.”

“It is imperative now that the Council acts. It must adopt a resolution that responds to the use of chemical weapons.”

Nicaragua
H.E. Mr. Samuel Santos López, Minister of Foreign Affairs
30 September 2013

Nuclear weapons: “Our Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) is achieving shared visions on social development, education, health, environment, energy and finance, among other sectors, and is now preparing to work collectively on cooperation, nuclear disarmament, fighting corruption, agriculture, science and technology.”

Niger
H.E. Mr. Mohamed Bazoum, Deputy Prime Minister
27 September 2012

Chemical weapons: “We condemn the use of chemical weapons in Syria. We call upon the UN to promote a political solution at the upcoming Geneva conference.”

Nigeria
H.E. Mr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, President
24 September 2013

Small arms and light weapons: “Nigeria continues to support the efforts of the United Nations in addressing the global initiative to combat the menace of the illicit trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons. We have redoubled efforts to address this onerous challenge within our borders and across the West African sub-region.

“In doing so, we also recognize the need for a broad-based global partnership in the ongoing battle against trans-border crimes, including terrorism and acts of piracy, It is regrettable that these scourges are sustained by unfettered access by non-state actors to illicit small arms and light weapons with which they foster insecurity and instability across our continent. For us in Africa, these are the ‘weapons of mass destruction’!”

Arms Trade Treaty: “It is therefore, in the light of our collective obligation and unceasing struggle to end this nightmare, that I congratulate Member States on the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in April this year. Our hope is that upon its entry into force, the ATT would herald an era of accountable trade in conventional arms which is critical to the security of nations. In line with our continued commitment to this project, Nigeria has signed and ratified the Treaty. We will continue to engage other Member-States for its successful implementation.”

Chemical weapons: “The reported use of chemical weapons in the Syrian crisis, is unacceptable. Nigeria condemns, in the strongest possible terms, the use of chemical weapons that are prohibited by International Conventions.”

Nuclear weapons: “The threat which nuclear weapons pose to the survival of the human race is to be understood not just in the context of aspirational nations but also the nations already in possession of such weapons. Nuclear weapons are as unsafe in the hands of small powers as they are in the hands of the major powers. It is our collective responsibility to urge the international community to respond to the clarion call for a peaceful universe in an age of uncertainty.

“We can attain this ob]ed:ive if we adopt measures and policies that will promote nuclear disarmament, protect and renew our environment, and push towards an international system that is based on trust, mutual respect and shared goals.”

Disarmament: “We must strive to eradicate poverty, hunger, disease and human misery; we must eliminate the scourge of nuclear, chemical, biological, as well as small arms and light weapons.”

Norway
H.E. Mr. Espen Barth Eide, Minister of Foreign Affairs
25 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “The use of Chemical Weapons is utterly unacceptable, and is a grave violation of international law. Those responsible must be brought to justice and the case referred to the ICC.”

Oman
H.E. Mr. Yousef Bin Al-Alawi Bin Abdullah
30 September 2013

Nuclear weapons, WMD: “My country continues to support the initiatives aimed at making the Middle East a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, being fully aware of the effects of these weapons on the security and stability of the nations, the regions and the entire world.”

“On the other hand, we hope that the international community, particularly the depository countries of the NPT, to persuade other states in the Middle East to join the Treaty and to subject their nuclear facilities to the comprehensive control system under the supervision of the IAEA, which will subsequently contribute to reach the universality of the treaty and making the Middle East zone free from nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. This goal deserves the support from all countries, particularly major ones.”

Chemical weapons: “My country welcomes the consensus that has been achieved in the Security Council on the Syrian chemical weapons by adopting unanimously Resolution 2118 (2013).”

Pakistan
H.E. Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister
27 September 2013

Military spending: “Our two countries have wasted massive resources in an anns race. We could have used those resources for the economic well-being of our people. We still have that opportunity. Pakistan and India can prosper together; and the entire region would benefit from our cooperation.”

Chemical weapons: “As party to the Chemical Weapons Convention, Pakistan remains opposed to theuse of chemical weapons. We condemn its use in the strongest terms. We welcome the agreement reached between the United States and Russia, and supported by other permanent members of the Security Council, to secure and destroy chemical weapons in Syria. This crucial step has facilitated consensus within the Council to adopt a resolution , which will not only address the issue of chemical weapons but start the stalled political process in Syria that would lead to national reconciliation and solutions that are acceptable to the people of Syria. Pakistan will support that resolution. Acceptance of the Geneva One document and a decision on the dates for the convening of the Geneva Two Conference will be a big step in ending the crisis in Syria.”

Nuclear weapons: “As a responsible nuclear weapon state, wc will continue to pursue the goals ofdisarmament and non-proliferation and adhere to the policy of Credible Minimum Deterrence, without entering into an arms race. We would not, however, remain oblivious to the evolving security dynamics in South Asia, nor would we agree to arrangement that is detrimental to our security and strategic interests. Our position on the proposed Fissile Material Treaty is determined by our national securityinterests and the objective of strategic stability in South Asia.”

Nuclear energy: “Safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear energy, without discrimination, is essential for economic development. Pakistan qualifies for full access to civil nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, to meet its growing energy needs, for continued economic growth.”

Nuclear security: “By the same token, as a mainstream partner in the global non-proliferation regime,Pakistan has impeccable credentials to join the multilateral export control regime, including the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Pakistan will continue to participate constructively in the Nuclear Security Summit(NSS) process, which is a laudable initiative.”

Drones: “The war against terrorism must be waged within the framework of international law. The use of armed drones in the border areas of Pakistan is a continued violation of our territorial integrity. It results in casualties of innocent civilians and is detrimental to our resolve and efforts to eliminate extremism and terrorism from Pakistan. I have urged the United States to cease these strikes, so that we could avert further casualties and suffering.”

Palau
H.E. Mr. Tommy Esang Remengesau Jr., President
25 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “And, let me interject, as we witness so many areas of conflict on our planet, I think it is time for all of us, as Leaders, to use this great institution and our own efforts to condemn violence on people for whatever reason, including the use of chemical weapons, and to seek an end to armed conflict wherever we can.”

Militarism: “Finally, we must agree, in all matters, to promote and protect the human rights and peaceful existence of all the people of the world. Discussion, not weapons, is the best way to resolve differences and insure human rights.”

Palestine (State of)
H.E. Mr. Mahmoud Abbas, President
26 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Further, while we condemned the crime of the use of chemical weapons in Syria, we have affirmed our rejection of a military solution and the need to find a peaceful political solution to fulfill the aspirations of the Syrian people.”

Panama
H.E. Mr. Ricardo Martinelli Berrocal, President
25 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “We condemn, in the strongest terms, the use of chemical weapons against the civilian population in Syria, and we share the view that such acts constitute a crime ‘against humanity’ which should be investigated and punished in accordance with the norms of international criminal law currently in force.”

Nuclear weapons, WMD: “We are concerned about the escalating violence that has occurred in the Middle East, and the veiled and open threats to use nuclear weapons to silence the right of countries and peoples to live in peace in their territories. This world organization has the supreme duty to speak clearly and forcefully in favor of world peace and the right of mankind to continue living on the planet. In this supreme hour of life and survival, we cannot get used to the idea that nothing serious is happening and that life will go on, after the atomic mushroom cloud delivers its final verdict of death to all species on the planet. There are enough interests and with nuclear power in the Middle East with the capacity to introduce and test weapons of mass destruction in a belligerent scenario, for all of us, gathered here, to ignore what is happening in that region.”

Papua New Guinea
H.E. Mr. Leo Dion, Deputy Prime Minister
28 September 2013

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “We express our concern over the lack of progress on disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation.”

“As a strong supporter of a nuclear-free world, Papua New Guinea calls on the UN and the international community to address this serious lack of progress. We also need to revitalize the UN's disarmament work to foster international peace and security.”

Arms Trade Treaty, small arms and light weapons: “Papua New Guinea welcomes the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty that will regulate the trade and transfer of conventional arms, including Small Arms and Light Weapons.”

Paraguay
H.E. Mr. Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara, President
24 September 2013

WMD, chemical weapons: “Economic and financial crises, civil strife and the use of weapons of mass destruction cloud the horizon all over the planet. The events in Syria are a concern to all of us and our Organization must play a preeminent role towards the definitive solution to this conflict. In this regard, my country -calls for supporting the implementation of the Framework Agreement between the United States and the Russian Federation.”

Peru
H.E. Mr. Ollanta Humala, President
25 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Peru condemns the use of chemical weapons, a fact that is unacceptable from every point of view. It is an affront to humanity and a clear violation to international law. The Syrian people deserve an immediate solution to the bloody conflict. We urge, therefore, all parties involved to find a peaceful and negotiated solution with respect for the mechanisms of dispute settlement.”

Philippines
H.E. Mr. Albert F. del Rosario, Minister of Foreign Affairs
30 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Furthermore, in accordance with the application of the rule of law and the peaceful settlement of disputes, the Philippines, as a State Party to the Chemical Weapons Convention and a staunch advocate of disarmament and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, also welcomes Syria's accession to the Treaty. The Philippines hopes that the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons will effectively assist the Syrian Government in disposing of its chemical weapons stockpiles.”

Poland
H.E. Mr. Bronislaw Komorowski, President
25 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “The Syrian tragedy, including the use of chemical weapons, is symbolic of a broader phenomenon, the ignoring of international values, norms and obligations adopted by ourorganization and the entire international community. After all, they should apply to everybody to the same degree, with no-one set outside or above them.”

Portugal
H.E. Mr. Rui Machete, Minister of State and Foreign Affairs
28 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “The world was shocked with the use of chemical weapons in Ghouta, on the 21st of August. I want to be very precise on this. The use of chemical weapons represents a violation of international law, a heinous crime and a civilization regression. We cannot stand idle in the face of the violation of the barrier between civilization and barbarism, which the international community had vowed never to cross again.”

Qatar
H.E. Mr. His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Amir
24 September 2013

Chemical weapons: “Destructive actions and horrible massacres are continuing at the hands of the Syrian regime against its peoples in addition to the policies of scorched land upon the Syrian people crossing all the red lines set by ethics and mandated by law, particularly after the regime's use of chemical weapons against the Syrian people.”

“The issue is not whether or not Syria possesses to chemical weapons for Syria is a state that is in conflict with another state that owns chemical, biological and even nuclear weapons. But the issue is the use of such weapons by the regime against its own people. The Syrian people has not risen up for putting the Syrian chemical weapons under the international supervision but for getting rid of despotism and corruption and to end the injustice it has been facing.”

WMD, nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East and in particular nuclear weapons is a very alarming issue. In this context, I affirm the position of the State of Qatar that every state in the region has an absolute right in using nuclear power for peaceful purposes according to the standards and procedures of the International Atomic Energy Agency. We also look forward for convening the Helsinki conference as a step that contributes to the efforts made to make the Middle East a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.”

Republic of Korea
H.E. Yun Byung-se, Minister of Foreign Affairs
27 September 2013

Proliferation, WMD: “In particular, the Republic of Korea is of the view that the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of  delivery is one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.”

I: “In this connection, the use of chemical weapons in Syria, as confirmed by the report of UN investigators, is the worst humanitarian disaster in the 21st century. The government of theRepublic of Korea condemns the use of chemical weapons in the strongest possible terms, as itconstitutes a crime against humanity that cannot be tolerated under any circumstances.

“In this regard, we welcome the recent agreement between the U.S. and Russia on the ‘Frameworkfor Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons’, and an expected decision by the OPCW and aresolution by the Security Council today. We urge the Syrian government to faithfully implementits commitments to the international community, and strongly call upon other countries that havenot acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including the DPRK, to do so as soon aspossible.”

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “In this context, I must draw your attention to the seriousness of DPRK's ongoing WMD programs. Despite a series of Security Council resolutions, North Korea launched long-range missiles and conducted nuclear tests as recently as early this year, in blatant violation of its international obligations. As was emphasized in a recent IAEA resolution on the DPRK, it should strictlyimplement its obligations under the relevant Security Council resolutions, including resolution2094. Like with Syria, the international community should forge united efforts to roll back DPRK'snuclear weapons programs to prevent the advent of another nuclear-armed state. However, if the DPRK decides to give up its so-called parallel pursuit of economic development and nuclear armament, and in turn embarks on a path of genuine change through concrete actions, the Republic of Korea stands ready to help North Korea.”

Romania
H.E Mr. Titus Corlătean, Minister of Foreign Affairs
28 September 2013

Arms Trade Treaty: “ It is the case of the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty. We have managed to deliver jointly a concrete tool meant at ensuring a safer world and addressing the challenges affecting the security of all our citizens. We must continue on this path and bring the treaty into force as soon as possible. I am pleased to inform you that Romania is currently undergoing legal domestic procedures in order to ratify the treaty as soon as possible.”

Chemical weapons: “Hence, in this new context, we call all States not yet Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention to undertake the necessary internal measures for adhesion in order to make sure that a future use of such weapons is not only prohibited, but also made impossible.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “I would also like to recognize, as a major breakthrough yesterday the historic call between President Rouhani and President Obama. This one on one conversation, occurring after more than two decades, gives us hopes that Iran's nuclear program will become more transparent, and only energy-oriented. We wait, with legitimate interest, the specific plan Minister Zarif will present, in this respect, in mid October in Geneva.”

Russian Federation
Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs
27 September 2013

Chemical weapons, WMD: “The use of chemical weapons is [in]admissible. This does not mean, however, that one can usurp the right to accuse and pass verdicts. All the incidents associated with the use of chemical weapons by whoever that might be in Syria must be investigated in a professional and unbiased manner and then examined by the UN Security Council exclusively on the basis of facts, rather than allegations and assumptions.

“Recently, a common argument has been increasingly used to prove that the threat or use of force directly prohibited by the UN Charter is nearly the most effective method to address international problems, including settlement of national domestic conflicts. There are attempts to extrapolate such an approach also to the situation in Syria. This happens despite the fact that all the experience of such interventions with the use of force in the recent years has proven that they are ineffective, meaningless and destructive. This is an extremely dangerous path leading to the erosion of the foundations of today's world order and subversion of the WMD non-proliferation regimes.”

“The growing understanding of this reality has achieving Russia-U.S. understandings on putting under opened the way towards international control and subsequent elimination of the Syrian chemical arsenals. This became possible thanks to the decision by Damascus to join the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and fulfill relevant obligations following the expedited procedure. We expect that the decisions by the OPCW Executive Council and the UN Security Council will contribute to establishing a required framework for elimination of chemical arsenals in Syria.

“The progress in chemical disarmament in Syria should give an impetus to implementation of the existing arrangements to convene a conference on establishing a zone free of weapons of mass destruction and means of their delivery in the Middle East. There are a number of complicated issues related to ensuring full participation of the countries of the region in the conference, but they cannot be referred to indefinitely. This is exactly the case when true leadership and will must be demonstrated for the common benefit.”

Iran and DPRK nuclear programmes: “The approaches based on negotiation are required as well with respect to other situations, including the Iranian nuclear program and the nuclear problem of the Korean Peninsula.”

Rwanda
H.E. Mr. Paul Kagame, President
25 September 2013

No relevant comments.