UNGA Disarmament Index 2012: A–G

This is an index of all references made to issues of disarmament, peace, and security, made in the 67th General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly from 25 September–1 October 2012. Included in this index are all references made to arms control, disarmament, multilateralism, nuclear energy, security, proliferation, the arms trade, and nuclear and conventional weapons.

A-G | H-R | S-Z

UN Secretary-General | UN General Assembly President
| Albania | Algeria | Andorra | Angola | Antigua and Barbuda | Argentina | Armenia | Australia | Austria | Azerbaijan
Bahamas | Bahrain | Bangladesh | Barbados | Belarus | Belgium | Belize | Benin | Bhutan | Bolivia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Botswana | Brazil | Brunei Darussalam | Bulgaria | Burkina Faso | Burundi
Cambodia | Cameroon | Canada | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Chile | China | Colombia | Comoros | Congo | Costa Rica | Côte d'Ivoire | Croatia | Cuba | Cyprus | Czech Republic
Democratic People's Republic of Korea | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Denmark | Djibouti | Dominica | Dominican Republic
Ecuador | Egypt | El Salvador | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Estonia | Ethiopia | European Council
Fiji Islands
| Finland | France
Gabon | Gambia | Georgia | Germany | Ghana | Greece | Grenada | Guatemala | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Guyana

United Nations Secretary-General
Mr. Ban Ki-moon
25 September 2012

Military spending: “I see Governments wasting vast and precious funds on deadly weapons – while reducing investments in people.”

Nuclear disarmament: “Building a more secure world also means pursuing our goal of a world free of nuclear weapons. As long as such weapons exist, we are all at risk.”

WMDFZ in Middle East: “I look forward to a successful conference later this year on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Iran must prove the solely peaceful intent of its programme.”

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea must move toward de-nuclearization of the Korean peninsula. All relevant Security Council resolutions should be implemented in full and without delay.”

President of the 67th Session of the UNGA (opening remarks)
H.E. Mr. Vuk Jeremić

25 September 2012

War, peace, multilateralism: “The Charter enjoins the parties to any dispute, to first of all seek a solution by, inter alia, negotiation, mediation, arbitration, and judicial settlement. It is with this in mind that I have proposed the following theme for this year’s General Debate: bringing about adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations by peaceful means. In taking up this critical issue, let us not forget that peace is not merely the absence of war. It also necessitates the reconciliation of those who are at odds. A solution to an international problem can be legitimately achieved only upon renunciation of unilateralism; it can become truly sustainable only when its provisions are willingly accepted and fulfilled in good faith.”

President of the United Nations General Assembly (closing remarks)
H.E. Mr. Vuk Jeremić
1 October 2012

Small arms and light weapons: “Many delegations raised human trafficking and the illicit trade in small arms as issues of particular concern.”

Nuclear and WMD proliferation, nuclear energy: “Considerable attention was also paid to the various aspects of the nuclear issue and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. A number of delegations stressed the legitimate right to peaceful use of nuclear technology by all Member States, while others emphasized adherence to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and IAEA-mandated safeguards as overriding concerns. In that context, we heard forceful messages that the very survival of nations may be at stake.”

H.E. Mr. Hâmid Karzai, President
25 September 2012

Militarism: "Today in Afghanistan, we pursue the cause of peace and an end to violence as a matter of great urgency. Peace being the utmost desire of the Afghan people, and convinced that military effort alone is not an adequate strategy to bring security, we have initiated the peace and reconciliation process which aims to bring all elements of the armed opposition to peaceful lives in the society."

H.E. Mr. Bujar Nishani, President
27 September 2012

Iran's nuclear programme: “
Albania remains deeply worried by the Iranian nuclear program, which continues to raise serious questions as to its nature instead of providing answers and [guarantees] as requested over years. We must prevent Iran from becoming nuclear threat.”

H.E. Mr. Mourad Medelci, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2012

[Unofficial translation]

Arms trafficking: “Algeria shares with its African and Arab partners its experience with fighting against terrorism, organized crime, and the trafficking of drugs and arms which are rife in our region.”

“In our region, today we are confronting new risks and threats, a rise of terrorism which is more violent and which is linked to organized crime and the trafficking of drugs and arms.”

WMDFZ in the Middle East: “The creation of a nuclear-weapon-free-zone in the Middle East is an important confidence-building measure. From this perspective, we support the efforts of the Secretary of state of Finland, Jaako Lajaava, Facilitator of the Conference on the Middle East, with a view to the Conference happening in Helsinki before the end of the current year.”

H.E. Mr. Gilbert Saboya Sunyé, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Ismael Abraao Gaspar Martins, Permanent Representative to the UN
1 October 2012

[Unofficial translation]

Disarmament: “In addition to the above challenges there are others that require priority attention from organizations including disarmament , the fight against organized crime , the implementation of the counter terrorism strategy the persistence of armed conflicts and the impact of these conflicts on the lives of people.”

Antigua and Barbuda
H.E. Mr. Winston Baldwin Spencer, Prime Minister
27 September 2012

Nuclear disarmament, small arms control: “Peace means eliminating nuclear weapons and controlling small arms.”

Small arms and light weapons: “The crime and violence fueled by the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons is jeopardizing our major industries such as tourism; our healthcare systems are weighted down and families are being torn apart. Nevertheless, crime prevention and small arms control is a priority for my government.”

Nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation: “Antigua and Barbuda is particularly concerned by the lack of progress in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation. There should be no compromise on this issue; Antigua and Barbuda remains resolute in our continued call for a nuclear weapon free world.”

H.E. Ms. Cristina Fernández
, President

25 September 2012

Militarism: “Before we choose the language of weapons , we must choose the language of diplomacy.”

H.E. Mr. Edward Nalbandyan, Minister for Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

Disarmament, arms control: “We welcome the fact that along with the agenda of the sixty-seventh session that encompasses the pressing issues of joint responsibility for maintenance of international peace, security, it is proposed to focus during this session on the settlement of disputes by peaceful means. In this context we consider the goals of disarmament and arms control as major elements of global and regional security systems. We must also shoulder the responsibility to work together to counter militaristic threats.”

H.E. Ms. Julia Gillard
, Prime Minister

26 September 2012

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “We stringently observe Security Council resolutions aimed at curtailing weapons proliferation activities like those of North Korea.”

WMD: “The international community must also unite in guarding against proliferation of weapons
of mass destruction.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “It is now six years since the Security Council first expressed concern about Iran's nuclear program. Iran still refuses to take the urgent steps necessary to build confidence that its nuclear program is exclusively peaceful. In contravention of successive IAEA and UN Security Council resolutions, Iran moves closer to having the capacity to produce weapons-grade material. So we stand with the world, united in sending a strong signal-through Security Council sanctions-that Iran must change its behaviour now. A nuclear armed Iran would be a major threat to regional and global security: especially given the shocking and aggressive statements about Israel by Iran's leadership. There remains the opportunity for diplomacy, backed up by robust sanctions, to persuade Iran to change its course. Iran must take this opportunity for change and the nations of this Assembly must press Iran to do so.”

H.E. Mr. Michael Spindelegger
, Vice-Chancellor

28 September 2012

IAEA, UNODA: “The UN Headquarters in Vienna are a hub for promoting peace and security. The work of the IAEA is more relevant than ever. I am pleased that we can now also draw on additional services from the new Vienna Office for Disarmament Affairs.”

WMD proliferation, WMDFZ in Middle East, Iran’s nuclear programme: “Austria is deeply concerned about weapons of mass destruction programs and proliferation activities in several regions of the world. The creation of a Zone free from Nuclear Weapons and other Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East is more urgent than ever. In this respect, let me underline that Iran must finally give credible evidence for the peaceful nature of its nuclear program and engage in earnest in the talks with the E3+3.

Disarmament negotiations: “The continued inability to even initiate substantive multilateral disarmament negotiations is unacceptable. Austria is committed to working with other interested states to move forward on this crucial issue. In this context, I would like to thank the Secretary-General for his continued support in this matter.”

Militarism, nuclear weapons: “We need to move beyond a strictly military security approach that originates from the cold war period. It is time we change the discourse on nuclear weapons. Any use of nuclear weapons would be devastating for the whole world in its humanitarian and environmental effects. In the 21st century, such an existential threat to humankind can no longer be handled exclusively by a few states as a national security matter.”

Disarmament, cluster munitions, landmines, arms trade treaty: “Austria is committed to strengthening and further developing international law and a humanitarian approach to advance the global disarmament and non-proliferation agenda. A lot has been achieved in the past two decades, as evidenced by the successful conclusions of the conventions to ban antipersonnel mines and cluster munitions. We hope that similar progress can be achieved in the Arms Trade Treaty in the coming months. Other member states should join the emerging consensus on regulating the trade in arms in a comprehensive manner.”

H.E. Mr. Elmar Maharram Mammadyarov, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2012

No relevant comments.

Bahamas (The)
H.E. Mr. Frederick A. Mitchell, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2012

Small arms and light weapons: “The increasing level of armed violence and crime plaguing our society, due in large part to the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons and trafficking in narcotics, neither of which our country manufactures or supplies, cannot be allowed to continue if we are to save successive generations from a life steeped in violence and lawlessness. It has been more than a decade since the adoption in 2001 of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. Yet, there has been no abatement in the level and intensity of armed violence  impacting our country.

“The Bahamas welcomes the recent convening and successful outcome of the United Nations Conference to Review Progress Made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. My Government reiterates its unwavering commitment to the full implementation of the Programme of Action.”

“Creating a safe Bahamas is a top priority for the Government. We are committed to the creation of a National Intelligence Agency, National Firearms Control Strategy, including the establishment of a Firearms Department and Database, as well as to enhancing the operations of the Country’s Defence Force to more effectively control the porous borders of The Bahamas. I take this opportunity to thank the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs and the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC) for their support and provision of equipment and capacity-building assistance in the area of firearms destruction and stockpile management. The Bahamas was pleased to conclude an agreement with the Office for Disarmament Affairs in April last, and to have participated in a number of regional training programmes and workshops sponsored by UNLIREC on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons and the strengthening of border controls.”

Arms trade treaty: “The Bahamas joins other Delegations in expressing our profound disappointment about the outcome of the United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty held in July last and the failure of member states to agree on a text despite six long years of protracted negotiations. The Bahamas supports the views articulated by the delegation of Trinidad and Tobago, on behalf of CARICOM, during the month long Conference. What do we say to thousands of innocent victims and their families who are suffering as a  result of the irresponsible and unregulated international transfer of conventional arms? A re-assessment of human life and dignity versus profit, and, commitment are critical if we are to prevail in our fight against  the scourge of armed violence and terror plaguing our societies. We look forward to a successful outcome of the next round of negotiations.”

H.E. Sheikh Khalid Bin Ahmed Bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2012

WMDFZ in the Middle East, Israel’s nuclear programme, Iran’s nuclear programme, nuclear energy: “One of the tenets of our foreign policy to enhance peace and security in the region. In this respect, Bahrain reaffirms its unflinching position of establishing a nuclear-weapon free zone in the Middle East. This would only be possible by compelling Israel to implement the relevant international decisions in the matter, to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to subject its nuclear facilities to inspection by the IAEA. Moreover, we stress that the Islamic Republic of Iran must fulfill its commitments of total and transparent cooperation with the IAEA. Indeed, nuclear weapons constitute a serious threat to peace and security in the entire region and the various parties must assume their responsibility for peace and security and refrain from the language of intimidation and counter-intimidation that has of late dominated our region.

“In this respect, we stress the importance of an excellent preparation of the 2012 Conference, to be held pursuant to the agreement reached in the Final Document of 2012 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. We also affirm that the principle of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East does in no way preclude the right of all nations to access nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, provided they do so in all transparent and abide by the IAEA guarantees system.”

H.E. Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister
27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Ms. Maxine Pamela Ometa McClean, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade
1 October 2012

Small arms and light weapons, arms trade treaty: “The heavy toll that this takes on the populations of our region, brings into sharp focus the importance of the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. It also emphasises the need for a strong, legally binding arms trade treaty, which sets the highest possible international standards for the transfer of conventional arms.

“We share the profound disappointment of many Member States at the failure of the Conference on the ATT to reach agreement on a treaty text before its conclusion. Barbados cannot envisage such a treaty that does not include small arms and light weapons, their components as well as ammunition. Barbados expects that despite the setback, negotiations on the ATT will resume during this session.”

H.E. Mr. Vladimir Makei, Minister for Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr Elio Di Rupo, Prime Minister

26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Wilfred Elrington, Minister for Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

Arms trafficking: “Mr. President, with respect to the nefarious enterprises of transnational trafficking in humans, drugs and arms, Belize subscribes to the view that a regional response is imperative to combat these pernicious scourges”

Small arms and light weapons: “Our region, Central America and the Caribbean, has been labeled among the most violent regions of the world, with homicide rates that have reached crisis levels occasioned largely by the use of small arms and light weapons. But almost all small arms and light weapons found in our region start out as legally manufactured and legally traded arms.”

Arms trade treaty: “It is therefore with deep regret that we note that despite what appeared to be an emerging consensus and despite the underlying global urgency for a multilateral response the conclusion of an Arms Trade Treaty has so far been beyond the reach of the international community. It is urgent in our view that we redouble our efforts to break the gridlock and reach the compromise necessary to arrive at a consensus on an Arms Trade Treaty as early as possible.”

H.E. Mr. Boni Yayi, President
25 September 2012

[Unofficial translation]

Small arms and light weapons: “The major constraints to the economic development and social progress of Africa are numerous and varied and are, among others, as follows: the massive, illicit trade of small arms and light weapons, which create chronic insecurity and transnational crime organized in some states and regions of the continent, formerly havens of peace and prosperity.”

H.E. Mr. Lyonchoen Jigmi Yoezer Thinley, Prime Minister
28 September 2012

No relevant comments.

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
H.E. Mr. Evo Morales Ayma, Constitutional President
26 September 2012

Militarism: “I commend the statements which questioned the military intervention, there will only be be social peace when we change these economic policies and when we put an end to military bases and interventionism, my respect goes to those who resist the intervention of powers , that is not a solution and that is something we have learnt.”

Bosnia and Herzegovina
H.E. Mr. Bakir Izetbegović, Chairman
27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Phandu T. C. Skelemani, Minister for Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

Arms trade treaty: “Botswana participated in the ill-fated UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty last July, whose purpose was for Member States to agree on common international standards to regulate international trade in conventional weapons. Botswana believes that, when adopted, the Arms Trade Treaty will complement the UN Programme of Action in combating the proliferation of arms and ammunition, which continue to cause untold suffering.”

H.E. Mrs. Dilma Rousseff, President
25 September 2012

Militarism: “The use of force without authorization by the Council is illegal, yet it is beginning to be regarded in some quarters as an acceptable option. This is by no means the case. The ease with which some resort to this kind of action results from the stalemates that paralyze the Council. Because of this, it must urgently be reformed. Brazil will always fight to ensure that decisions emanating from the UN prevail. Yet we want legitimate actions, founded on international legality. In this spirit, I have defended the need for a ‘responsibility while protecting’ as a necessary complement to the ‘responsibility to protect’.”

WMD: “I also reaffirm our commitment to keeping our region free from weapons of mass destruction. In this regard, I wish to recall the existence of immense arsenals that, in addition to threatening all humankind, aggravate tensions and hamper efforts towards peace.”

Military spending: “The world clamors for food instead of weapons, for the billion men, women, and children who suffer from the cruelest punishment inflicted on humanity: hunger.”

Brunei Darussalem
H.R.H. Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah,
Crown Prince

27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Rosen Plevneliev, President
25 September 2012

Disarmament, non-proliferation, WMD: “Disarmament and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction are areas which continue to demand strong political will and action by the international community. It is essential that we continue to strengthen the comprehensive regime of the Nuclear Non‐Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and of other major international instruments such as the Chemical Weapons Convention.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “With regard to conventional arms, Bulgaria consistently supports the negotiation process leading to the adoption of a legally binding and robust in substance Arms Trade Treaty.”

Iran's nuclear programme: “Along with others, we believe that Iran’s full cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency is of paramount importance.”

Burkina Faso
H.E. Mr. Djibrill Ypènè Bassolé, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Thérence Sinunguruza
, Vice-President

27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Hor Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister
29 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Pierre Moukoko Mbonjo, Minister of State
26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. John Baird, Minister of Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

Chemical and biological weapons: “After all, a stockpile of chemical and biological weapons does not respect national sovereignty or recognize territorial integrity. Who among us would be secure if the chemical and biological weapons of another Member State fell into the wrong hands? That's why Canada calls on the Syrian regime to ensure that its stockpile of chemical weapons remains secure against possible use or proliferation by those who would do evil. When a post-Qadhafi Libya declared its willingness to destroy previously unknown stockpiles, Canada stepped in and provided $6 million to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in order to achieve this vital objective. Until such an opportunity arises in Syria, Canada stands ready to assist neighbouring states in taking measures to reduce the threat of proliferation of these weapons.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Today, the most significant threat to global peace and security remains the regime in Iran: It refuses to comply with Security Council Resolutions. … A nuclear lran would embolden an already reckless regime and perpetuate a destabilizing factor for not just an already fragile region but the entire planet. Not only has the Government of Canada formally listed the Iranian regime as a state sponsor of terrorism, under Canadian law; We have also suspended diplomatic relations. Some may ask why a country committed to openness and engagement would suspend relations. We don't take these decisions lightly.

“On a practical level, the regime's blatant disregard for the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations created legitimate concern for the safety and security of our civilian diplomats. But there is also a great principle at stake. While Canada prizes engagement and open relations, there can be no open engagement with a regime that dishonours its word, repudiates its commitments, and threatens to perpetuate crimes against humanity. Canada's philosophy is captured by the wisdom of former UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, killed 51 years ago while fighting for peace and justice. He advised: "Never for the sake of peace and quiet deny your convictions." That's why Canada has imposed some of the toughest economic sanctions against the lranian regime. But let me be absolutely clear, our quarrel is not with the people of Iran, but instead with the regime that aims to silence their voices. Canada urges lran to comply with its international nuclear obligations and to cease sensitive enrichment activities. We support the P5+1 process. lran needs to seize the opportunity provided by the P5+1 and negotiate in good faith, by showing demonstrable progress in meeting its nuclear obligations.

“The Iranian regime still has a chance to redeem itself. In fact, I encourage lran to look to some of its neighbours, some of whom Canada has supported in building peaceful-purpose nuclear energy programs. We will continue to work closely with the United States and other allies to put pressure on lran to comply with its international nuclear obligations. Rather than accept as inevitable the conflict lran seems intent on provoking, Canada seeks a peaceful alternative. lran must act immediately to stop all enrichment and abandon technology that could be used for weapons. lran is thoroughly testing the will of the international community. This, too, must end.”

Cape Verde
H.E. Mr. Jorge Carlos De Almeida Fonseca
, President

27 September 2012

Armed conflict: “In our understanding … there is no peace because contexts of intolerance and of social exclusion that take away from its citizens the possibility of  building  a  free,  just,  democratic and  pluralistic  society,  thus strengthening, sometimes, the proliferation of armed conflicts and other social problems.”

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “In 2009, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, affirmed at Princeton University, that the UN needs ‘a new vision, a new paradigm, a new multilateralism’, which would allow for the ‘assurance of world economic and financial stability, launch an offensive against poverty, reestablish peace, respond to climate changes, improve health in world, fight against terrorism and guarantee disarmament and nonproliferation’. … I share and applaud such statements.”

Militarism: “I end, Mr. President, with the conviction that Africa can also give its valuable contribution for the development of a better world. A world without war, where peace is not just a theoretical concept.”

Central African Republic
H.E. Mr. Antoine Gambi, Minister for Foreign Affairs
26 September 2012

Disarmament, non-proliferation: “The essential objectives of disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation continue to be held hostage by political double standards, and by the discriminatory practices taken by some nuclear powers.”

H.E. Mr. Moussa Faki Mahamat, Minister for Foreign Affairs
29 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Yang Jiechi, Minister for Foreign Affairs
27 September 2012

Non-proliferation, Iran’s nuclear programme: “China has always supported efforts to uphold the international nuclear nonproliferation regime and will continue to work with parties concerned and play a constructive role in seeking and peaceful solution to the Iranian nuclear issues through dialogue and negotiation”

Non-proliferation: “China has contributed a total of about 21,000 personnel to UN peacekeeping missions and taken an active part in international cooperation on counter-terrorism, anti-piracy and nonproliferation.”

H.E. Mr. Juan Manuel Santos Calderón
, President

26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

Comoros (The)
H.E. Mr. Ikililou Dhoinine, President
27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

Congo (Republic of the)
H.E. Mr. Basile Ikouebe, Minister for Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

Nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, nuclear energy: “In terms of the nuclear peril which represents a grave threat for humanity, it is urgent that nuclear armed states assume their responsibility to implement concrete measures allowing progress towards a real nuclear disarmament, all while ensuring the prohibition of nuclear proliferation with military purposes. We reaffirm the necessity of respecting the three pillars of the NPT, that is to say nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and the right of each state to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, under IAEA control.”

Nuclear security and safety: “In the body of activities linked nuclear safety and security, the Republic of the Congo lauds the holding of the Seoul Summit, from 26 to 27 March 2012, as well as the High-level meeting on nuclear terrorism organized on the fringe of this session, 28 September 2012.”

Nuclear proliferation: “[Working visits] have allowed the Congo to, on one hand, elaborate a national plan to implement resolution 1540 on nuclear proliferation, and on the other hand, to formulate recommendations on the management of sources of ionizing radiation and the elaboration of an action plan to strengthen the regulatory control of sources of radiation and radioactive material.”

Arms trade treaty: “It is regrettable that the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty Conference which took place in New York, from 2 to 27 July 2-12, could not lead to a consensual platform for regulating the arms trade. In this context, my delegation calls for a repeat of this important conference within a reasonable period.”

Costa Rica
H.E. Mr. Enrique Castillo, Minister of Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

Arms trade treaty: “Despite its clear support of the Rule of Law and its commitment to mediation, the international community has been unable to adopt a crucial instrument to avoid conflict or,
at least, limit its most destructive force. At the end of last July, the possibility of agreeing on a universal, robust and binding Arms Trade Treaty did not reach consensus. It was a somber moment for peace and human dignity. Costa Rica, one of the coauthors of this initiative, will not back down on its attempts to promote the kind of instrument that millions of victims of conventional weapons demand from the silence of their tombs.”

Côte d’Ivoire
H.E. Mr. Daniel Kablan Duncan, Minister of State
26 September 2012

Small arms: “... the illicit trade of arms, cross-border crime and terrorism, piracy in the gulf of Guinea. I must remind you that the eradication of these scourges calls for concerted and diligent action from the ECOWAS, the African Union and the United Nations.”

Arms trade treaty: “The Ivory Coast, along with numerous African and non-African states, truly hopes that our Organization can in the near future a legally binding treaty on arms trade following the efforts by all parties to arrive at a consensus. The international community must not miss this historic opportunity to better regulate, if not prohibit, a trade of which the consequences each year lead to the death of some 500.000 people and which is the principal source of a number of key human rights violations, of destabilization of our states, of aggravation and pauperization of populations, and above all, of constant threat to regional and international peace and security.”

H.E. Mr. Zoran Milanovic, Prime Minister
28 September 2012

Non-proliferation, arms control, disarmament, arms trade treaty: “When leaders lead by positive example, people tend to follow. This is because culture flows from structure. This is also the reason why, at the UN level, we provide our full support to the implementation, wider acceptance and universalization of international legal instruments on non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament, countering terrorism and preventing corruption. In this context, we are disappointed that recent Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty was not able to conclude its work in agreement. Achieving concrete developments towards possible adoption of a Treaty remains an obligation for the entire UN membership.”

H.E. Mr. Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla
, Minister for Foreign Affairs

1 October 2012

Military spending: “In the face of these colossal challenges, we could ask ourselves if there is anything that could ever justify the fact that, twenty years after the end of the so-called ‘Cold War’ the military budget has almost doubled to reach the astronomical figure of 1.74 trillion dollars. President Rael Castro Ruz posed the following questions: ‘What enemies will these weapons be used against? Will they be used to eliminate the masses of poor people who can no longer cope with their poverty, or to halt the unstoppable migrations of survivors?’”

Disarmament, nuclear weapons, nuclear energy: “The Summit of the Non-Aligned Countries was successfully held in Tehran and reaffirmed the Movement’s positions in defense of peace, independence and sovereign equality of States; justice; the right to development; the sovereignty over natural resources; general and complete disarmament, particularly nuclear disarmament; and reaffirmed the right to the peaceful use of nuclear energy. We have committed our full support to the Presidency of the Movement.”

H.E. Mr. Demetris Christofias, President
25 September 2012

No relevant comments.

Czech Republic
H.E. Mr. Václav Klaus, President
25 September 2012

Nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation: "We will support the UN activities in the field of disarmament and nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. These issues belong among our security policy priorities."

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
H.E. Mr. Pak Kil Yon, Vice Minister for Foreign Affair
1 October 2012

Non-proliferation: “In the current international relations, high-handedness and arbitrariness are becoming ever more undisguised […] and interference in internal affairs and regime change are continued under such pretext as 'non-proliferation' and 'humanitarian intervention'.”

Nuclear war: “Today, due to the continued US hostile policy towards the DPRK, the vicious cycle of confrontation and aggravation of tension is an ongoing phenomenon on the Korean peninsula, which became the world's most dangerous hotspot where a spark of fire could set off a thermonuclear war.”

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “It is none other than the DPRK's patience and self-defensive war deterrent that prevented the continued military provocations of the US from turning into an allout war on the Korean peninsula. ... The reality on the Korean peninsula proves that we have been absolutely right to have built war deterrent for self-defense by tightening our belt on the road of Songun and independence. Our war deterrent is a mighty weapon that defends the country's sovereignty and a powerful means that prevents war on the Korean peninsula as well as a strong guarantee that enables us to concentrate efforts on economic construction and improved people's livelihood.”

“The nuclear issue of the Korean peninsula is also the product of the US hostile policy. Not a single problem including the nuclear issue of the Korean peninsula can be resolved without elimination of the hostile policy of the US which regards the DPRK as a target of hostility and tries to stifle it at any cost. This is the sum-up of the process of our dialogue with the US and a lesson we have drawn from our practical experience.”

Democratic Republic of the Congo (The)
H.E. Mr. Joseph Kabilia Kabange, President
25 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Carsten Staur, Permanent Representative to the UN
1 October 2012

Arms trade, disarmament: “In a complex world, it is smart economics – and smart politics – to focus on prevention rather than cure.  This holds true whether we address the global economic crisis, sustainable development, and poverty reduction, conflicts, like in Syria, or arms trade and disarmament.”

Arms trade treaty: “We must also use international cooperation to reduce the level of conflicts and to set clear rules for all to abide. Unregulated and irresponsible trade of conventional weapons is often the direct cause for unbearable human suffering, for further destabilizing weak and fragile states, and a hindrance of development. There is an urgent need for a universal and legally binding Arms Trade Treaty, and Denmark has - together with Germany - encouraged the Secretaty General to continue hs strong personal engagement with a view to convemg a second ATT conference to be held early 2013. Now is the time to act, and we call upon the members of the General Assembly to successfully conclude the negotiations on the treaty without delay.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “Let me use this occasion to once again call on DPRK –and especially on Iran – to comply with international law and relevant Security Council resolutions. It is in Iran’s own interest to take concrete steps to build international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear program.”

WMDFZ in the Middle East: “The Non-Proliferation Treaty is a cornerstone in the international cooperation on disarmament and non-proliferation. In this context, Denmark actively supports the work of the Finnish Facilitator to organize a conference on the middle east as a zone free of weapons and materials of mass destruction.”

H.E. Mr. Mahamoud Ali Youssouf, Minister of Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Vince Henderson, Permanent Representative to the UN
1 October 2012

Arms trade treaty: “The international trade, transfer and use of conventional arms, weapons, munitions and ammunition continue to threaten international peace and security. Dominica, like her sister nations in CARICOM, is not immune to this debilitating phenomenon. Our region continues to be affected by an increase in gangs and violent criminal activities born out of the trade and transfer of illicit arms and drags throughout the Caribbean region from North to South America.

“Dominica is therefore disturbed that despite four weeks of rigorous deliberations and intense negotiations, the United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty, ("the UNCATT"), did not result in the finalization of the treaty. However, like the rest of our CARICOM colleagues we believe that the July 26 text from the Chairman of UNCATT provides a blueprint for a possible final document. As leaders, the task is now ours to finalize a legally binding document in the interest and protection of our people. Dominica is optimistic that this can be achieved during this Session of the General Assembly and reaffirms its commitment to the realization of a robust Arms Trade Treaty.

Small arms and light weapons: “Dominica takes this opportunity to applaud the United Nation's role and efforts in combating the proliferation of small arms and tight weapons in the global community.  Long-term socio-economic development of many nations particularly SIDS such as Dominica is severely compromised because of the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in our region.

“Associated with this illicit trade, is the trafficking of narcotics through the Caribbean region from South to North America, which has presented new challenges to the maintenance of peace and security in our region.  This underscores the urgent need for a legally binding international instrument addressing the control and monitoring of the illicit trade in small arms between states and among non-state actors.”

Dominican Republic
H.E. Mr. Danilo Medina Sánchez, President
25 September 2012

Armed conflict: "War and armed conflicts threaten the right to cultural, ideological and political diversity and the right to live in peace and solidarity."

H.E. Mr. Mohamed Morsy
, President

26 September 2012

Nuclear weapons: “The will of the people, especially in our region, no longer tolerates the continued non-accession of any country to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the non-application of the safeguards regime to their nuclear facilities, especially if this is coupled with irresponsible policies or arbitrary threats. In this regard, the acceptance by the international community of the principle of pre-emptiveness or the attempt to legitimize it is in itself a serious matter and must be firmly confronted to avoid the prevalence of the law of the jungle.”

WMDFZ in the Middle East: “Cognizant of the danger that the status quo entails on the security of this important region, with its natural resources and trade passages, Egypt stresses the necessity of mobilizing international efforts to hold the conference on achieving a Middle East free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction before the end of the current year 2012, with the participation of all concerned parties without exception. And I say it very clearly: the only solution is to get rid of nuclear weapons, and all weapons of mass destruction.”

Nuclear energy: “But we also emphasize the right of all countries of the region to the peaceful use of nuclear energy within the framework of the NPT, with a commitment to honour their obligations in this respect and provide the necessary guarantees to the countries of the region so as to remove any doubts surrounding their intentions.”

El Salvador
H.E. Mr. Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena, President

25 September 2012

No relevant comments.

Equatorial Guinea
H.E Mr. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
, President

27 September 2012

[Unofficial translation]

Nuclear disarmament, WMD, militarism, military spending: “In regards to the problem of disarmament, Equatorial Guinea supports in its totality, even when we are neither a producer nor consumer of all the types of sophisticated weapons of mass destruction, that there should be no ambiguity on this matter. It cannot be and cease to be at the same time.

“The possession of nuclear arms or of mass destruction is a shame of our times that is preparation for our self-destruction. Who, then, should arm and who should disarm? The end of the Cold War should have also implied the end of the arms race. It is high time that humanity constructs its own way forward rather than wasting resources on extermination plans.”

H.E. Mr. Osman Mohammed Saleh, Minister of Foreign Affairs
1 October 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Toomas Hendrik Ilves, President
26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister
28 September 2012

No relevant comment.

European Council
H.E. Mr. Herman Van Rompuy,

26 September 2012

DPRK’s nuclear programme: “And other issues are pressing, including: Convincing the DPRK to abandon its nuclear weapons and 
missile programmes.”

Iran’s nuclear programme: “And other issues are pressing, including: Finding a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear issue, a 
matter to which the European Union is directly committed.”

H.E. Mr. Ratu Inoke Kubuabola, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Sauli Niinistö, President
25 September 2012

WMD: “Weapons of mass destruction remain an existential threat to international peace and security.”

Non-proliferation, nuclear weapons, disarmament, nuclear energy, WMDFZ in the Middle East: “Finland has been a strong supporter of the Non-proliferation Treaty right from the beginning. Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, disarmament and the right to the peaceful use of nuclear energy are all necessary parts of the whole.”

WMDFZ in the Middle East: “Finland is prepared to host a Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free from nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction this year.”

Chemical weapons: “Chemical weapons were banned totally some years ago. The treaty is not yet universal though.”

Arms Trade Treaty: “Conventional weapons trade clearly needs better global regulation. It is regrettable that the negotiations on Arms Trade Treaty ended without the desired outcome.”

H.E. Mr. François Hollande, President
25 September 2012

[Unofficial translation]

Nuclear proliferation: “The other urgency is to fight against the most grave threat which hangs over the stability of the world: I am referring to the proliferation of nuclear arms.”

Iran's nuclear programme: “For years, Iran has ignored the demands of the international community, exempting itself from IAEA controls, failing to keep its own word, and not respecting the Security Council Resolution. I, myself, had hoped that a negotiation could have taken place and that issues were settled.  Once again, this negotiation did not come off. France does not accept this drifting which threatens the security of the region and peace in the world. I therefore want to say here, once again that we are ready to adopt new sanctions, not to punish the Iranian people, but to say to its leaders that it must return to the negotiating table before it is too late.”

Nuclear proliferation: “What I want to make you all understand as I stand at this rostrum is that we must act, act to uphold our responsibilities, act to respond to the urgencies, Syria, nuclear proliferation, the Sahel, act also for another world so that it is one of development.”

Arms trade treaty: “[…] the trade in arms represents another grave danger. France is actively engaged in the conclusion of a universal treaty on the sales of arms.”

H.E. Mr. Ali Bongo Ondimba
, President

25 September 2012

[Unofficial translation]

Small arms and light weapons: “Reality also urges us to invest in the struggle against new and transnational threats to peace and security, including the struggle against the trade of light weapons.”

Gambia (The)
H.E. Ms. Isatou Njie-Saidy, Vice-President
26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Mikheil Saakashvili, President
25 September 2012

Nuclear proliferation: “I clearly realize the magnitude of challenges that lie before this body and this troubled world- from the menace of nuclear proliferation, to the global warming and poverty.”

H.E. Dr Guido Westerwelle, Minister for Foreign Affairs
28 September 2012

Iran’s nuclear programme: “We are very concerned by the still unresolved dispute about Iran’s nuclear programme. Iran has still not produced evidence of the exclusively peaceful nature of its nuclear programme. It has also failed to date to provide the transparency which the International
Atomic Energy Agency has long since demanded. So far, the talks during the last few months  have not made enough progress towards reaching a solution.

“The E3+3 have put forward proposals for a substantive negotiation process. We still await a serious response from Iran. We want a political and diplomatic solution. Time  is short. Israel’s security is at stake. Indeed, stability in the entire region is at stake. However, this is also about averting the risk of a nuclear arms race with unforeseeable consequences for international security. I call on Iran to stop playing for time. The situation is serious.”

H.E. Mr. John Dramani Mahama, President

26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Dimitris  L. Avramopoulos , Foreign Minister
27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Ms. Dessima Williams, Permanent Representative to the UN
1 October 2012

Small arms and light weapons: “Grenada calls for the cessation of the trafficking of weapons through our region and for a firm and comprehensive, yet expeditious agreement on small arms and light weapons.”

Nuclear waste: “We also renew our call for the preservation of the Caribbean Sea as a Zone of Peace and Development and an end to the passage of nuclear waste in our waters.”

Small arms and light weapons: ”We are facing the high cost of fuel and food; costs associated with confronting the illicit trafficking in drugs and small arms and light weapons, and related crime; and an increase in unemployment and poverty.”

H.E. Mr. Otto Fernando Pérez Molina, President
26 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Edouard Niankoye Lama, Minister for Foreign Affairs,
27 September 2012

No relevant comments.

H.E. Mr. Donald Rabindranauth Ramotar
, President

27 September 2012

Armed violence, small arms: “The availability of guns in many societies, most of which is a by-product of the narco-trade, has contributed to the growth of gun crimes and murders in the region and beyond.”